T-80

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T-80
T-80U main battle tank
T-80U main battle tank at Ingineering Technologies 2012 internaitional forum.
TeepMain battle tank
Place o oreeginSoviet Union
Service history
In service1976–present
Uised biBelaroushie, Cyprus, Egyp, Kazakhstan, Armenie, Pakistan, Roushie, Sooth Korea, Ukraine
WarsFirst Chechen War, Seicont Chechen War, 2008 Sooth Ossetie War,[1] War in Donbass [2]
Production history
DesignerNikolay Popov, LKZ (T-80),[3] KMDB (T-80UD)
Designed1967–1975
ManufacturerLKZ an Omsk Transmash, Roushie
Malyshev Factory, Ukraine[4]
Unit costUSD $2.2 million T80U export, 1994.[5]
Produced1976–1992[6]
No. biggit5,404 (as of 2005)[4]
Variantsengineering & recovery, mobile bridge, mine-plough with KMT-6 plough-type system and KMT-7 roller-type system.
Specifications (T-80B / T-80U)
Wecht42.5 tonnes T-80B, 46 tonnes T-80U[7]
Lenth9.9 m (32 ft 6 in) T-80B, 9.654 m (31 ft 8.1 in) T-80U (gun forward)
7.4 m (24 ft 3 in) T-80B, 7 m (23 ft 0 in) T80U, (hull)[7]
Weenth3.4 m (11 ft 2 in) T-80B
3.603 m (11 ft 9.9 in) T-80U[7]
Hicht2.202 m (7 ft 2.7 in) T-80B, T-80U[7]
Crew3[7]

Airmour
  • T-80B : Hull 440-450 mm vs APFSDS 500-575 mm vs HEAT, Turret 500 mm vs APFSDS 650 mm vs HEAT[8]
  • T-80U : Hull & Turret with Kontakt-5 780 mm vs APFSDS 1320 mm vs HEAT[9]
Main
airmament
125 mm 2A46-2 smoothbore gun,[10] 36 roonds T-80B, 2A46M-1 wi 45 roonds T-80U
9M112 Kobra ATGM, 4 missiles T-80B, 9M119 Refleks ATGM, 6 missiles T-80U[7]
Seicontar
airmament
7.62 mm PKT coax MG, 12.7 mm NSVT or PKT antiaircraft MG
IngineSG-1000 gas turbine T-80B, GTD-1250 turbine T-80U, or ane o 3 diesel T-80UD[11]
1,000 hp T-80B, 1,250 hp T-80U[7]
Pouer/wecht23.5 hp/tonne T-80B
27.2 hp/tonne T-80U
Transmissionmanual, 5 forward gears, 1 reverse T-80B, 4 forward, 1 reverse T-80U[7]
Suspensiontorsion bar[7]
Grund clearance0.38 m (1.2 ft) T-80B, 0.446 m (1.46 ft) T-80U[7]
Fuel capacity1,100 litres (240 imp gal) (internal)
740 litres (160 imp gal) (external)
Operational
range
335 km (208 mi) (road, wioot freemit tanks)
415 km (258 mi) (road, wi freemit tanks)[7]
Speed70 km/h (43 mph) (road)
48 km/h (30 mph) (cross kintra)[11]

The T-80 is a third-generation main battle tank (MBT) designed an manufactured in the Soviet Union.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. David Axe, "By Land, Air, Sea & PC, Georgia Tried to Match Russian Arsenal", in Popular Mechanics, August 13, 2008.
  2. OSCE "Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 18:00 (Kyiv time), 22 January 2015", January 22, 2014.
  3. Foss 2005, p.89.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Foss 2005, p. 94.
  5. Dejong 1995
  6. http://otvaga2004.narod.ru/xlopotov_8/2010_t80.htm
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 Foss 2005, p. 93.
  8. http://www.foia.cia.gov/sites/default/files/document_conversions/89801/DOC_0000261345.pdf
  9. Zaloga., Steven J. (17 February 2009). T-80 Standard Tank. Osprey Publishing. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-84603-244-8. Author Mentions that Russian sources claim Kontakt-5 and the new turret airmour provided an unprecedented amount of protection for the T-80U, equivalent to 780mm against APFSDS and 1,320mm against HEAT in the turret front.
  10. Baryatinsky, p 23.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Baryatinsky, p 95.