Surat

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Surat

સુરત
Metropolitan Ceety
GauravPath1.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Diamond Ceety, Textile Ceety, Flyover Ceety
Surat is locatit in Gujarat
Surat
Surat
Coordinates: 21°10′N 72°50′E / 21.17°N 72.83°E / 21.17; 72.83Coordinates: 21°10′N 72°50′E / 21.17°N 72.83°E / 21.17; 72.83
KintraIndie
StateGujarat
DestrictSurat
Zone7
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor–Cooncil
 • BodiSurat Municipal Corporation & SUDA
 • MayorNiranjan Zanzmera
 • Municipal CommissionerManoj Kumar Das,kaifi azam
 • Police CommissionerRakesh Asthana
Area
 • Metropolitan Ceety326.515 km2 (126.068 sq mi)
Elevation
13 m (43 ft)
Population
 (2013)[1]
 • Metropolitan Ceety7,573,733
 • Rank8t
 • Metro6,462,0,029,999
 • Metro rank
9t
Demonym(s)Surti
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Pincode(s)
395 0XX & 394 XXX
Aurie code(s)91-261-XXX-XXXX
Vehicle registrationGJ-05 & GJ-28
Coastline35 kilometres (22 mi)
Leeteracy86.65%[3]
Spoken leidsGujarati, Hindi, Inglis
HDIHigh
Wabsteidwww.suratmunicipal.gov.in

Surat, previously kent as Surya, is a ceety in the Indian state o Gujarat. It is an aa admeenistrative caipital o the Surat destrict. The ceety is locatit 306 km sooth o the state caipital, Gandhinagar, an is situatit on the left bank o the Tapti River (Tapi), the centre bein aroond 22 km (14 mi) frae the river's mooth.[4]

Surat is Gujarat's seicont lairgest ceety an Indie's aicht maist populated ceety (in terms o population livin in the Municipal Corporation aurie), wi a population o 4.5 million. The ceety registered an annualized GDP growthe rate o 11.5 per cent ower the seiven fiscal years atween 2001 an 2008.[5]

A moat divides the aulder pairts o the ceety, wi its nairae streets an handsome historical hooses, frae the newer suburbs. The ceety is lairgely recognised for its textile an diamond businesses. It is an aa kent as the diamond caipital o the warld an the textile caipital/Manchester textile ceety o Indie, a distinction it teuk ower frae Ahmedabad. 92% o the warld's diamonds are cut an polished in Surat.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Mid-Year Population Estimates". Surat Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  2. "Census 2011- Figures at a Glance (India, Gujarat, Surat District & SMC) : Surat Municipal corporation". Suratmunicipal.gov.in. Retrieved 2013-02-03. 
  3. "Literacy Rates by Sext for State and District". 2011 census of India. Government of India. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  4. "History of Surat". 
  5. GDP growth: Surat fastest, Mumbai largest
  6. Adiga, Aravind (2004-04-12). "Uncommon Brilliance". Time Magazine. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2010-01-16. Retrieved 2007-10-17.