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Metropolitan Ceety
Nickname(s): Diamond Ceety, Textile Ceety, Flyover Ceety
Surat is locatit in Gujarat
Coordinates: 21°10′N 72°50′E / 21.17°N 72.83°E / 21.17; 72.83Coordinates: 21°10′N 72°50′E / 21.17°N 72.83°E / 21.17; 72.83
Kintra Indie
State Gujarat
Destrict Surat
Zone 7
 • Teep Mayor–Cooncil
 • Bouk Surat Municipal Corporation & SUDA
 • Mayor Niranjan Zanzmera
 • Municipal Commissioner Manoj Kumar Das,kaifi azam
 • Police Commissioner Rakesh Asthana
 • Metropolitan Ceety 326.515 km2 (126.068 sq mi)
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Metropolitan Ceety 7,573,733
 • Rank 8t
 • Metro[2] 6,462,0,029,999
 • Metro rank 9t
Demonym(s) Surti
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode(s) 395 0XX & 394 XXX
Aurie code(s) 91-261-XXX-XXXX
Vehicle registration GJ-05 & GJ-28
Coastline 35 kilometres (22 mi)
Leeteracy 86.65%[3]
Spoken leids Gujarati, Hindi, Inglis
HDI High

Surat, previously kent as Surya, is a ceety in the Indian state o Gujarat. It is an aa admeenistrative caipital o the Surat destrict. The ceety is locatit 306 km sooth o the state caipital, Gandhinagar, an is situatit on the left bank o the Tapti River (Tapi), the centre bein aroond 22 km (14 mi) frae the river's mooth.[4]

Surat is Gujarat's seicont lairgest ceety an Indie's aicht maist populated ceety (in terms o population livin in the Municipal Corporation aurie), wi a population o 4.5 million. The ceety registered an annualized GDP growthe rate o 11.5 per cent ower the seiven fiscal years atween 2001 an 2008.[5]

A moat divides the aulder pairts o the ceety, wi its nairae streets an handsome historical hooses, frae the newer suburbs. The ceety is lairgely recognised for its textile an diamond businesses. It is an aa kent as the diamond caipital o the warld an the textile caipital/Manchester textile ceety o Indie, a distinction it teuk ower frae Ahmedabad. 92% o the warld's diamonds are cut an polished in Surat.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Mid-Year Population Estimates". Surat Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  2. "Census 2011- Figures at a Glance (India, Gujarat, Surat District & SMC) : Surat Municipal corporation". Retrieved 2013-02-03. 
  3. "Literacy Rates by Sext for State and District". 2011 census of India. Government of India. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  4. "History of Surat". 
  5. GDP growth: Surat fastest, Mumbai largest
  6. Adiga, Aravind (2004-04-12). "Uncommon Brilliance". Time Magazine. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2010-01-16. Retrieved 2007-10-17.