Sund, Åland

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Sund
Municipality
Sunds kommun
Kastelholm Castle in 2004
Kastelholm Castle in 2004
Coat of airms o Sund
Coat airms
Location o Sund in Finland
Location o Sund in Finland
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Coordinates: 60°15′N 020°07′E / 60.250°N 20.117°E / 60.250; 20.117Coordinates: 60°15′N 020°07′E / 60.250°N 20.117°E / 60.250; 20.117
Kintra Finland
Region Åland
Sub-regionKintraside sub-region
Govrenment
 • Municipal managerChristina Nukala-Pengel
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total184.32 km2 (71.17 sq mi)
 • Laund108.06 km2 (41.72 sq mi)
 • Water76.06 km2 (29.37 sq mi)
Area rank295t lairgest in Finland
Population
 (2019-01-31)[2]
 • Total1,030
 • Rank299t lairgest in Finland
 • Density9.53/km2 (24.7/sq mi)
Population bi native leid
 • Swedish94.2% (offeecial)
 • Finnish3.5%
 • Ithers2.3%
Population by age
 • 0 tae 1417.8%
 • 15 tae 6463.1%
 • 65 or aulder19%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]18.5%
Websitewww.sund.ax

Sund is a municipality o Åland. It is an autonomous territory o Finland which is vera rich in history an cultur, bein ane o the offeecial 27 naitional laundscapes o Finland.

The municipality haes a population o 1,030 (31 Januar 2019)[2] an covers a aurie o 184.32 square kilometre (71.17 sq mi) o which 76.06 km2 (29.37 sq mi) is watter.[1] The population densitie is 9.53 inhabitants per square kilometre (24.7/sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Swedish.

The auld Medieval post route frae Stockholm, Swaden tae Turku, Finland passes throu Sund.

History an landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are mony pre-historic steids in Sund frae the Stane, Bronze an Iron Ages.

The Medieval kirk o Sund is dedicatit tae John the Baptist an wis biggit sometime in the 13t century. It is the lairgest kirk in Åland. Inside the kirk thare is a five-meter-taw crucifix, the tawest in aw o Scandinavie.

Kastelholm Castle (Swadish: Kastelholms slott) is the anerly castle in Åland, an is pairtially in ruins. The castle wis biggit on a smaw island that wis surroondit bi watter an moats filled wi several lines o poles. It wis first mentioned in 1388 in the contract o Queen Margaret I, whaur a lairge portion o the inheritance o Bo Jonsson Grip wis gien tae her. The heyday o the castle wis in the 15t an 16t centuries. Keeng John III kept his deposed brither Eric XIV in captivity in the castle in the Hairst o 1571. The day, it is pairtially restored an a popular tourist attraction. The whole castle wis opened tae the public in 2001.

The Bomarsund Fortress (Swadish: Bomarsunds fästning) is ane o the maist interestin historical places in Sund. Efter Swaden haed lost the Finnish War o 1808–09, focht against Roushie, baith Åland an Finland became pairt o the Roushie Empire. Roushie began tae big a fortress in Sund in 1830 in accordance wi the orders o Emperor Nicholas I. Fowk o various cultural backgrunds came tae Sund frae aw ower Roushie tae big the fortress. A toun, Gamla Skarpans, wis biggit an anither dounset, Nya Skarpans, wis establisht inside the fortress. Housomeivver, the fortress, designed for 5000 men an 500 cannons, wis niver feenisht acause in 1854 durin the Crimean War Inglis an French troops invadit an blew it up. The day, in addeetion tae the fortress, thare are the ruins o Gamla Skarpans an twa watchtouers nearbu, aw open tae visitors.

The Ootdoor Museum Jan Karlsgården (Swadish: Jan Karlsgården friluftsmuseum) is next tae Kastelholm Castle. Thare are auld biggins frae aw ower Åland, sic as windmills, a steam sauna an a blacksmith's shop.

The Preeson Museum Vita Björn (Swadish: Fängelsemuseet Kronohäktet Vita Björn) is near the Kastelholm Castle an aw. It wis oreeginally biggit in 1784 tae serve as a preeson an operatit till as recently as 1975. The day it is a museum.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tourism is ane o the biggest lines o business in Sund. Agricultur is popular an aw, especially keepin livestock. Smaw businesses are abundant an the biggest employers are the municipality an the local gowf course.

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 Januar 2018.
  2. a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 Mairch 2019.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Sund, Åland at Wikimedia Commons