Sund, Åland

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Sunds kommun
Kastelholm Castle in 2004
Kastelholm Castle in 2004
Coat o airms o Sund
Coat o airms
Location o Sund in Finland
Location o Sund in Finland
Sund is locatit in Åland
Location in Åland
Coordinates: 60°15′N 020°07′E / 60.250°N 20.117°E / 60.250; 20.117Coordinates: 60°15′N 020°07′E / 60.250°N 20.117°E / 60.250; 20.117
Kintra  Finland
Region  Åland
Sub-region Kintraside sub-region
 • Municipal manager Christina Nukala-Pengel
Aurie (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 184.12 km2 (71.09 sq mi)
 • Laund 108.06 km2 (41.72 sq mi)
 • Watter 76.06 km2 (29.37 sq mi)
Aurie rank 310t lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Tot 1,037
 • Rank 321st lairgest in Finland
 • Density 9.6/km2 (25/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Swedish 94.2% (offeecial)
 • Finnish 3.5%
 • Ithers 2.3%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 17.8%
 • 15 tae 64 63.1%
 • 65 or aulder 19%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 18.5%

Sund is a municipality o Åland. It is an autonomous territory o Finland which is vera rich in history an cultur, bein ane o the offeecial 27 naitional laundscapes o Finland.

The municipality haes a population o 1,037 (31 August 2013)[2] an covers a aurie o 184.12 square kilometres (71.09 sq mi) o which 76.06 km2 (29.37 sq mi) is watter.[1] The population densitie is 9.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (25/sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Swedish.

The auld Medieval post route frae Stockholm, Swaden tae Turku, Finland passes throu Sund.

History an landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are mony pre-historic steids in Sund frae the Stane, Bronze an Iron Ages.

The Medieval kirk o Sund is dedicatit tae John the Baptist an wis built sometime in the 13t century. It is the lairgest kirk in Åland. Inside the kirk thare is a five-meter-taw crucifix, the tawest in aw o Scandinavie.

Kastelholm Castle (Swadish: Kastelholms slott) is the anerly castle in Åland, an is pairtially in ruins. The castle wis built on a smaw island that wis surroondit bi watter an moats filled wi several lines o poles. It wis first mentioned in 1388 in the contract o Queen Margaret I, whaur a lairge portion o the inheritance o Bo Jonsson Grip wis given tae her. The heyday o the castle wis in the 15t an 16t centuries. Keeng John III kept his deposed brither Eric XIV in captivity in the castle in the Hairst o 1571. The day, it is pairtially restored an a popular tourist attraction. The whole castle wis opened tae the public in 2001.

The Bomarsund Fortress (Swadish: Bomarsunds fästning) is ane o the maist interestin historical places in Sund. Efter Swaden haed lost the Finnish War o 1808–09, focht against Roushie, baith Åland an Finland became pairt o the Roushie Empire. Roushie began tae build a fortress in Sund in 1830 in accordance wi the orders o Emperor Nicholas I. Fowk o various cultural backgrunds came tae Sund frae aw ower Roushie tae build the fortress. A toun, Gamla Skarpans, wis built an anither dounset, Nya Skarpans, wis establisht inside the fortress. Housomeivver, the fortress, designed for 5000 men an 500 cannons, wis niver feenisht acause in 1854 durin the Crimean War Inglis an French troops invadit an blew it up. The day, in addeetion tae the fortress, thare are the ruins o Gamla Skarpans an twa watchtouers nearbu, aw open tae visitors.

The Ootdoor Museum Jan Karlsgården (Swadish: Jan Karlsgården friluftsmuseum) is next tae Kastelholm Castle. Thare are auld biggins frae aw ower Åland, such as windmills, a steam sauna an a blacksmith's shop.

The Preeson Museum Vita Björn (Swadish: Fängelsemuseet Kronohäktet Vita Björn) is near the Kastelholm Castle an aw. It wis oreeginally built in 1784 tae serve as a preeson an operatit till as recently as 1975. The day it is a museum.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tourism is ane o the biggest lines o business in Sund. Agricultur is popular an aw, especially keepin livestock. Smaw businesses are abundant an the biggest employers are the municipality an the local gowf course.

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Sund, Åland at Wikimedia Commons