Sucrose

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Sucrose
Skeletal formula o sucrose
Ball-an-stick model o sucrose
Names
IUPAC name
(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2S,3S,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol
Ither names
Sugar; Saccharose; α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranoside;

β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-α-D-glucopyranoside; β-(2S,3S,4S,5R)-fructofuranosyl-α-(1R,2R,3S,4S,5R)-glucopyranoside; α-(1R,2R,3S,4S,5R)-glucopyranosyl-β-(2S,3S,4S,5R)-fructofuranoside

((2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2S,3S,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)oxapent-2-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxahexane-3,4,5-triol)
Identifiers
57-50-1 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:17992 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL253582 YesY
ChemSpider 5768 YesY
DrugBank DB02772 YesY
EC-nummer [1]
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem
RTECS nummer WN6500000
UNII C151H8M554 YesY
Properties[1]
C12H22O11
Molar mass 342.30 g/mol
Appearance white solid
Density 1.587 g/cm3, solid
Meltin pynt 186 °C decomp.
2000 g/L (25 °C)
log P −3.76
Structure
Crystal structur Monoclinic
Space group P21
Hazards
Safety data sheet ICSC 1507
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heatit afore igneetion can occur. Flash pynt ower 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola ile Health code 1: Exposur would cause irritation but anly minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Related compounds
Relatit compoonds Lactose
Maltose
Except whaur otherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Sucrose is the organic compound commonly kent as table succar an sometimes cried saccharose. A white, odorless, crystalline pouder wi a sweet taste, it is baist kent for its role in fuid. The molecule is a disaccharide componed o the monosaccharides glucose an fructose wi the molecular formula C12H22O11. The wird wis furmed in the mid-19t century frae Latin sucrum = "succar" an the chemical suffix -ose. The abbreviated term Suc is eften uised for sucrose in the literatur.

In 2011, aboot 168 million metric tons o table sugar wur produced warld-wide.[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Sucrose, International Chemical Safety Card 1507, Geneva: International Programme on Chemical Safety, November 2003 
  2. "Sugar: World Markets and Trade" (PDF). United States Department of Agriculture. November 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]