Stary Krym

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Staryi Krym

Старий Крим
Старый Крым
Eski Qırım
Konstantin Bogaevsky Stary Krym, 1903
Konstantin Bogaevsky Stary Krym, 1903
Banner o Staryi Krym
Coat of airms o Staryi Krym
Coat airms
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Coordinates: 45°1′45″N 35°5′19″E / 45.02917°N 35.08861°E / 45.02917; 35.08861Coordinates: 45°1′45″N 35°5′19″E / 45.02917°N 35.08861°E / 45.02917; 35.08861
 Roushie  Ukraine
Republic Crimea
RegionKirovske Raion
 • Total9.97 km2 (3.85 sq mi)
300 m (1,000 ft)
 • Total9,485
 • Density1000/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)+380-6555
Umwhile nameSolkhat (till the 14t century)

Staryi Krym (Ukrainian: Старий Крим, Roushie: Старый Крым, Crimean Tatar: Eski Qırım) is a smaw historical toun in the Eastren Crimean Peninsula, approximately 25 km (15 mi.) wast o Feodosia. The population o Staryi Krym in 2001 wis 9,960 fowk.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun haes a lang history. It wis probably foondit in the first hauf o the thirteent century when Crimea wis taken bi Batu Khan. The Mongols fortifee'd the ceety an thareefter it became a caipital o the Crimean Yurt (Crimean province o the Gowden Horde) an a hame for the Emir o Crimea. Durin that period the ceety haed twa names at the same time: Turkic-speakin inhabitants o the Crimean Yurt namit it Qırım (Crimean Tatar: qırım - ‘my steppe, hill’, from OTur., MTur. qır ‘muntain top, muntain ridge; steppe, desert, level grund’),[1][2] while Italian traders uisually cried it Solcati (Italian: solcata - furrae, ditch). Solkhat is a turkifee'd form o the Italian name.

Anither theory gien on the etymologie o the toun's name is that it wis a corruption o the name o an Armenie monastic complex in Staryi Krym, built in 1338 an kent in Armenie as "Surb Khach," Armenie: Սուրբ Խաչ or Holy Cross.[3]

The Turkic name o the ceety - Qırım wis eventually gien tae the whole peninsula.

In the 13t an 14t centuries the ceety o Qırım wis a lairge, prosperous ceety referred tae bi Arabic contemporars as the seicont Baghdad. Frae that period remain the Ozbek Han Mosque, built in 1314 bi Uzbeg Khan, an the ruins o a madrassa built in 1332.[4] Early Crimean Khans haed their caipital in Qırım till the first pairt o the 16t century. Efter the Crimean Khanate caipital wis muivit tae Bakhchisarai, the ceety declined intae relative obscurity.

Syne the annexation o Crimea bi Catherine the Great in 1783, the toun haes been kent bi the Roushie name Staryi Krym (literally "Auld Crimea" - Roushie translation o the oreeginal Crimean Tatar name Eski Qırım). It wis the ceety whaur the famous Roushie writer Alexander Grin livit an dee'd, an nou haes a museum dedicatit tae him.

The ceety is hame tae a important cardiac sanatorium, umwhile run bi notable hert surgeon Nikolai Amosov.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

40.8% o Eski Qırım's populations is Crimean Tatars.[5]

Historical Populations

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. “kır” in Nişanyan Dictionary (Turkish Etymological dictionary)
  2. “*Kɨr” in Sergei Starostin, Vladimir Dybo, Oleg Mudrak (2003), Etymological Dictionary of the Altaic Languages, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
  3. Maksoudian, Krikor (1997). "Armenian Communities in Eastern Europe" in The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume II: Foreign Dominion to Statehood: The Fifteenth Century to the Twentieth Century. Richard Hovannisian (ed.) New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 57. ISBN 1-4039-6422-X.
  4. "Crimean Tatar Architecture". International Committee for Crimea. Retrieved 20 Februar 2011.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 26 Mairch 2010. Retrieved 20 Mairch 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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