Split (ceety)

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Ceety o Split
Grad Split
Tap: Nichttime view o Split frae Mosor; 2nt raw: Cathedral o Saunt Domnius; Ceety centre o Split; 3rd raw: View o the ceety frae Marjan hill; Nicht in Poljicka Street; Bottom: Riva watterfront
Tap: Nichttime view o Split frae Mosor; 2nt raw: Cathedral o Saunt Domnius; Ceety centre o Split; 3rd raw: View o the ceety frae Marjan hill; Nicht in Poljicka Street; Bottom: Riva watterfront
Banner o Split
Velo misto (Croatie: "Big Ceety")
Ništa kontra Splita (unoffeecial)
Split is located in Croatie
Location o Split in Croatie
Coordinates: 43°30′0″N 16°26′0″E / 43.50000°N 16.43333°E / 43.50000; 16.43333Coordinates: 43°30′0″N 16°26′0″E / 43.50000°N 16.43333°E / 43.50000; 16.43333
Kintra Croatie
CoontySplit-Dalmatie Coonty
Greek colony o Aspálathos established6t century BC
Diocletian's Palace built305 AD
Diocletian's Palace settled639 AD
 • MayorŽeljko Kerum
 • Ceety79.38 km2 (30.65 sq mi)
 • Ceety itsel22.12 km2 (8.54 sq mi)
 • Ceety178,192
 • Density2244/km2 (5,810/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Ceety itsel
 • Ceety itsel density7499/km2 (19,420/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Aurie code21
Licence plateST
Lawest point0 m
Heichest point178 m (Marjan)

Split (Croatian pronunciation: [splît] ( listen)) is the lairgest Dalmatian ceety, the seicont-lairgest urban centre in Croatie, an the seat o Split-Dalmatie Coonty. The ceety is locatit on the shores o the Mediterranean, mair specifically on the eastren shore o the Adriatic Sea, spreadin ower a central peninsula an its surroondins, wi its metropolitan aurie includin the mony surroondin seaside touns as well. An intraregional transport hub, the ceety is an airtin tae the numerous surroondin Adriatic islands an the Apennine peninsulae, as well as a popular tourist destination.

Split is an aa ane o the auldest ceeties in the aurie, an is traditionally considered juist ower 1,700 year auld, while archaeological research relatin tae the auncient Greek colony o Aspálathos (6t century BC) establishes the ceety as being several hunder year aulder.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The auncient ceety is named efter the Spiny Broom (Calicotome spinosa; brnistra or žuka in modren Croatie), a common shrub in the aurie. The 6t century BC Greek colony o Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) or Spálathos (Σπάλαθος), frae which the ceety oreeginates, wis named efter the common plant. As the ceety became a Roman possession, the Laitin name became "Spalatum", which in the Middle Ages evolved intae "Spalatro" in the Dalmatian leid o the ceety's Roman population. The Sooth Slavic version became "Split", while the Venetian italianized version wis "Spalato". Durin the early 19t century, the name wis "Spljet", an finally "Split" ance mair.

Thus, contrary tae popular belief, the name "Spalatum" haes nothin tae dae wi the Laotin wird for palace, palatium (thocht tae be a reference tae Diocletian's Palace, which forms the core o the ceety). The erroneous etymology wis notably due tae Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, an wis later reaffirmed bi Thomas the Archdeacon.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Odluka o donošenju Prostornog plana uređenja Grada Splita". Službeni glasnik Grada Splita (in Croatian). City of Split. 13 December 2005. ISSN 1332-6074. Retrieved 8 August 2011. Prostorni plan obuhvaća područje Grada Splita utvrđeno Zakonom o područjima županija, gradova i općina u Republici Hrvatskoj („Narodne novine“ 10/97, 124/97, 68/98, 22/99, 117/99, 128/99, 44/00, 129/00, 92/01, 79/02, 83/02) površine 79,38 km2, a čini ga osam naselja.
  2. "Prostorni plan uređenja Grada Splita" (DOC) (in Croatian). City of Split. p. 1. Retrieved 8 August 2011. Tablica 1. Površine katastarskih općina u obuhvatu grada Splita [...] Katastarske općine Split [...] Površina (ha) 2.212 [...] Ukupno površina Grada Splita 7.938 Izvor: Državna geodetska uprava, Područni ured za katastar Split
  3. "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Split (ceety)". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 13 Februar 2012.
  4. Slobodna Dalmacija, "Split kao metropola", Split 28 April 2003
  5. Wilkes, J., Diocletian's Palace, Split : Residence of a Retired Roman Emperor, 17. The name Aspálathos had referred to a white thorn common in the area. Thus, contrary to popular belief, the name "Spalatum" has nothing to do with the Latin word for palace, palatium. According to Wilkes, the erroneous etymology was notably due to Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus.