Sooth African Naitional Defence Force

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Sooth African Naitional Defence Force
South African National Defence Force
Emblem of the SANDF
Flag of the South African National Defence Force.svg
Flag of the SANDF
Current furm1994–present
Service branchesSooth African Airmy
Sooth African Navy
Sooth African Air Force
Militar Health Service
HeidquartersPretoria, Gauteng, Sooth Africae
Commander-in-ChiefCyril Ramaphosa
Meenister of Defence and Meelitary VeteransNosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula
Chief of the Sooth African Naitional Defence ForceGeneral Solly Shoke
Militar age18–49
Available for
militar service
10,354,769 males, age 18–49 (2005),
10,626,550 females, age 18–49 (2005)
Fit for
militar service
4,927,757 males, age 18–49 (2005),
4,609,071 females, age 18–49 (2005)
Reachin militar
age annually
512,407 males (2005),
506,078 females (2005)
Active personnel78,707 (2014)[1]
Reserve personnel15,107 (2014)[2]
BudgetUS$4.278 billion[3]
Percent o GDP1.3% (2016)
Domestic suppliersDenel, Paramount Group, Reutech Radar Systems
Foreign suppliersAgustaWestland, BAE Systems, Heckler & Koch, IVECO, MAN, Saab AB, Thales, ThyssenKrupp
Relatit airticles
HistoryMeelitary histerie of Sooth Africae
Leet of wars involving Sooth Africae
RanksSooth African meelitary ranks

The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) comprises the airmed forces of Sooth Africae. The commander of the SANDF is appointit bi the Preses o Sooth Africae frae ane of the airmed services. Thay are in turn accoontable tae the Meenister of Defence and Meelitary Veterans of the Defence Depairtment.

The meelitary as it exists today wis creautit in 1994,[4][5] following Sooth Africae's first post-apartheid naitional elections and the adoption of a new consteetution. It replaced the Sooth African Defence Force and awso integratit uMkhonto we Sizwe guerilla forces.

Histerie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The SANDF tuik over the personnel and equipment frae the SADF and integratit forces frae the umwhile Bantustan hamelands forces,[6]:5 as well as personnel frae the umwhile guerrilla forces of some of the political pairties involvit in Sooth Africae, such as the African Naitional Congress's Umkhonto we Sizwe, the Pan Africanist Congress's Azanian Fowk's Liberation Airmy and the Self-Protection Units of the Inkatha Freedom Pairty (IFP).[4]

As of 2004, the integration process wis considered complete, with retaining personnel, structure, and equipment frae the SADF. Houaniver, due tae integration problems, financial constraints, and ither issues, the SANDF faced capaiileety constraints.'[7]

The Sooth African Commando Seestem wis a ceevil militia active until 2008, based upon local units frae the size of company tae battalion.[8] In its final years its role wis tae support the Sooth African Polis Service during internal operations. During such deployments the units came unner SAPS control.

According tae the Defence Meenistry's 2014 Defence Review, the SANDF is "in a critical state of decline".[9]

Re-airmament[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1999, a R30 billion (US$4.8 billion) purchase of wappenry by the Sooth African Govrenment wis finalised, which haes been subject tae allegations of corruption.[10][11] The Sooth African Depairtment of Defence's Strategic Defence Acquiseetion purchased frigates, submarines, light utility helicopters, lead-in fighter trainer and multirole combat aircraft.[12]

Domestic operations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Annual gemme census

The SANDF is involvit in a nummer of internal operations, including:[13]

  • Safeguarding the Border (Operation CORONA)
  • Disaster relief and assistance (Operation CHARIOT)
  • Safety and security (Operation PROSPER)
  • Ridding the kintra of illegal wappens, drug dens, prosteetution rings and ither illegal activities (Operation FIELA)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "SANDF not meeting staffing targets". DefenceWeb. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  2. "South Africa: South African National Defence Force". DefenceWeb. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  3. "National Treasury Budget 2012: Estimates of National Expenditure" (PDF). Department of National Treasury. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act 200 of 1993 (Section 224)". South African Government. 1993. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  5. L B van Stade (1997). "Rationalisation in the SANDF: The Next Challenge". Institute for Security Studies. Archived frae the oreeginal on 16 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 23 Juin 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  6. Wessels, André. "The South African National Defence Force, 1994–2009: A Historical Perspective" (PDF). University of the Free State. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. U.S. Embassy The Hague, 05THEHAGUE2973 Netherlands/Africa: DASD Whelan's visit to The Hague Archived 11 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine., 1 November 2005, via Wikileaks United States diplomatic cables leak
  8. Potgieter, Thean; Liebenberg, Ian (October 2012) [2012]. Reflections on War – Preparedness and Consequences. Stellenbosch: Sun Media Stellenbosch. ISBN 978-1-920338-84-8.
  9. Dörrie, Peter (9 April 2014). "South Africa's Military Is Falling Apart". War is Boring. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  10. Buthelezi, Mangosuthu (22 November 2007). "Mangosuthu Buthelezi's Weekly Newsletter to the Nation". Inkatha Freedom Party. Archived frae the oreeginal on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  11. Bright hopes betrayed Mail & Guardian
  12. Neethling, Theo (22 Jul 2010). "Military spending, socio-economic challenges and foreign policy demands: Appraising South Africa's predicament" (pdf). African Security Review. Institute for Security Studies. 15 (4): 57–78. doi:10.1080/10246029.2006.9627622. ISSN 2154-0128. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  13. "C J OPS Briefs Media on Deployments". Retrieved 22 January 2013.

Freemit Airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]