Shen Kuo

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Shen Kuo
Shen Kua.JPG
Modren airtist's impression o Shen Kuo
Born 1031
Qiantang, Song Empire
Died 1095
Runzhou, Song Empire
Residence Hangzhou, Xiamen, Kaifeng, Zhenjiang
Kent for Geomorphology, Climate chynge, Atmospheric refraction, True north, Retrogradation, Camera obscura, Raised-relief cairt, fixin the poseetion o the pole starn, correctin lunar an solar errors
Scientific career
Fields Geology, Astronomy, Airchaeology, Mathematics, Pharmacology, Magnetics, Optics, Hydraulics, Metapheesics, Meteorology, Climatology, Geografie, Cairtografie, Botany, Zoology, Airchitectur, Agricultur, Economics, Militar strategy, Ethnografie, Muisic, Divination
Institutions Hanlin Academy
Cheenese name
Cheenese 沈括
This is a Cheenese name; the faimlie name is Shen.

Shen Kuo (Cheenese: 沈括; 1031–1095), coortesy name Cunzhong (存中) an pseudonym Mengqi (nou uisually gien as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁),[1] wis a Han Cheenese polymathic scientist an statesman o the Song dynasty (960–1279). Excellin in mony fields o study an statecraft, he wis a mathematician, astronomer, meteorologist, geologist, zoologist, botanist, pharmacologist, agronomist, airchaeologist, ethnographer, cairtografer, encyclopaedist, general, diplomat, hydraulic ingineer, inventor, academy chancellor, finance meenister, govrenmental state inspector, poet, an muisicker. He wis the heid offeecial for the Bureau o Astronomy in the Song coort, as well as an Assistant Meenister o Imperial Hospitality.[2] At coort his poleetical allegiance wis tae the Reformist faction kent as the New Policies Group, heidit bi Chancellor Wang Anshi (1021–1086).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Yao (2003), 544.
  2. Needham (1986), Volume 4, Part 2, 33.