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Shahab-3 Missle by YPA.IR 02 (cropped).jpg
TeepStrategic MRBM
Service history
In service2003–present
Uised biIran
Production history
Diameter1.2 m (3 ft 11 in)
WarheidOne (1,200 kg or 2,600 lb) at 1,000-2,000 km[1]– five cluster munition warheads in new models (280 kg or 620 lb) each warhead, each warhead can target different destinations.

IngineLiquid propellant rocket[2]
1,000 km (620 mi)[3]-2,000 km (1,200 mi)[4] (Shahab-3 ER)[5]
Flicht altitude400 km[6]
Speed2.4 km/s at altitude of 10–30 km in final stage which is about mach 7[7]
inertial navigation system
Accuracy2,500 m Circular error probable[8]

The Shahab-3 (Persie: Ŝahāb 3‎; shahâb means "meteor") is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) developed by Iran and based on the Cheenese DF-21 an North Korean Nodong-1.[9][10] The Shahab-3 has a range of 1,280 kilometres (800 mi); a MRBM variant can now reach 1,930 kilometres (1,200 mi) (can hit targets as far as Israel, Egypt, Romanie, Bulgarie and Greece).[11] It wis tested from 1998 tae 2003 and added tae the meelitary arsenal on July 7, 2003, with an offeecial unveiling by Khamenei on July 20. With an accuracy of 2,500 m CEP, the Shahab-3 missile is primarily effective against lairge, soft targets (like ceeties). Given the Shahab-3’s payload capacity, it would likely be capable of delivering nuclear warheids. According tae the IAEA, Iran in the early 2000s mey haeve explored various fuzing, airming and firing seestems tae make the Shahab-3 more capable of reliably delivering a nuclear warheid.[12]

The forerunners tae this missile include the Shahab-1 and Shahab-2. The then-Iranian Defense Meenister Admiral Shamkhani haes denied that Iran plans tae develop a Shahab-4. Some successors tae the Shahab haeve longer range and are awso more maneuverable.[13][14][15]

Operating unner the Sanam Industrial Group (Department 140), which is pairt of the Defense Industries Organization of Iran, the Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG), led the development of the Shahab missile.[16]

US Air Force Naitional Air and Space Intelligence Center estimates that as of June 2017 less than 50 launchers were operationally deployed.[17]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  6. Toukan, Abdullah; Anthony H. Cordesman. "GCC – Iran: Operational Analysis of Air, SAM and TBM Forces" (pdf). Center for Strategic & International Studies. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  7. Wright, David C.; Timur Kadyshev (1994). "An Analysis of the North Korean Nadong Missile" (pdf). Science & Global Security. Gordon and Breach Science Publishers S.A. 4 (2): 129–160. doi:10.1080/08929889408426397. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  9. U.S. Department of Defense (2001). Proliferation: Threat and Response. DIANE Publishing. p. 38. ISBN 1-4289-8085-7.
  11. Federation of American Scientists. Shahab-3 / Zelzal-3
  13. "Iranian President Defies West At Military Parade". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 22 September 2007. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  14. "Iran Shows Home-Made Warfare Equipment at Military Parade". Fars News Agency. 22 September 2007. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  15. "Ghadr-1". Missile Threat. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  16. Gertz, William (1997-05-22). "Russia disregards pledge tae curb Iranian missile output; Tehran, Moscow sign pacts for additional support". The Washington Times.
  17. Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat (Report). Defense Intelligence Ballistic Missile Analysis Committee. June 2017. p. 25. NASIC-1031-0985-17. Retrieved 16 July 2017.