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Seoul Caipital Area

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
(Reguidit frae Seoul Caipital Aurie)
Greater Seoul Aurie
Location of Greater Seoul Aurie 수도권
Kintra Sooth Korea
Major CeetiesSeoul Special Ceety
Incheon Metropolitan Ceety
 (1 November 2010)
 • Metro23,616,000
 • Percentage o Sooth Korea’s total population
 SMA = Seoul (9.7 mil.) + Incheon (2.6 mil.) + Gyeonggi (11.3 mil.)
Seoul Caipital Area
Revised RomanisationSudogwon

The Seoul Caipital Aurie is a region locatit in the north-wast o Sooth Korea. It is generally referred tae as Sudogwon in Korean, an conteens three different admeenistrative destricts; Seoul, Incheon an Gyeonggi-do.

The SNCA is technically distinct frae the Seoul Metropolitan Aurie (SMA), as the umwhile is a fixed entity, whilk the latter refers tae places currently considert unner the economic, industrial an cultural influence o Seoul. Syne the extension o the Seoul Metropolitan Subway (Korail commuter) tae Asan, Chungcheongnam-do an Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, some hae classifee'd Asan, Cheonan, Chuncheon as nou athin the SMA, but no athin the SNCA. Housomeivver, the terms SNCA, SMA an Sudogwon are lairgely analogous an uised interchyngeably.

The Seoul Caipital Aurie haes a population o 25.6 million (as o 2012)[1] an is rankit as the third lairgest metropolitan aurie in the warld. It forms the cultural, commercial, financial, industrial, an residential centre o Sooth Korea. The lairgest ceety is Seoul, wi a population o approximately 10.2 million fowk, follaeed bi Incheon, wi 2.6 million.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Seoul Caipital Aurie occupees a broad area o relatively flat laund aroond the Han River strath. It conteens some o the maist fertile laund on the Korean Peninsula, awtho relatively little o it is nou uised for agricultur. The Gimpo Plain, ane o the kintra's lairger expanses o level arable laund, covers hintle o the area o the ceeties o Gimpo an Bucheon.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coverin anerlie aboot 12% o the kintra's area, the Seoul metropolitan area is hame tae mair nor 48.2% o the naitional population, an is the warld's 3rd lairgest urban aurie. This percentage haes risen steadily syne the mid-20t century, an the trend is expectit tae continue. Currently mair nor hauf o the fowk who muive frae ane region tae anither are muivin tae the caipital area.[2] Bi 2020, it is projectit that mair nor 52% o Sooth Korea's population will live athin the area, or 25,520,000 fowk.[3]

Govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Various agencies hae been set up tae deal wi the intergovrenmental problems o the region. Proposals for consolidatin some or aw o the ceeties o the caipital area intae a haundful o metropolitan ceeties hae sicweys far no been implementit.

Development in the area is currently govrened bi the Capital Region Readjustment Planning Act (수도권정비계획법), first passed in 1982 an last revisit in 1996.

Subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Seoul naitional caipital area is dividit amang the special ceety o Seoul, the metropolitan ceety o Incheon, an province o Gyeonggi-do. Seoul haes 25 gu (local govrenment wards), Incheon haes 8 gu an 2 coonties, an Gyeonggi-do haes 27 ceeties an 4 coonties as the subdiveesions.

Seoul[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 25 destricts o Seoul.

Incheon[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 8 destricts an 2 coonties o Incheon.

Gyeonggi-do[eedit | eedit soorce]

27 ceeties an 4 coonties o Gyeonggi-do.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceeties o the caipital area are tichtly interconnectit bi road an rail. Mony o the kintra's railwey lines, maist notably the Gyeongbu Line, terminate in the region. In addition, the needs for commuter rail are servit bi the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, which passes no anerlie throu Seoul an Incheon, but throu maist o the ootlyin ceeties an aw.

In addition, the region is a nexus for traivel bi air an watter. The kintra's twa lairgest airports, Incheon International Airport an Gimpo Airport, are baith locatit in the metropolitan area. Internaitional an domestic ferries depairt frae Incheon's various ferry terminals several times a day; in addition, massive volumes o internaitional fricht pass throu the container terminals o Incheon (primarily boond tae an frae Cheenae).

Seoul Ring Expressway (Expressway No.100) connects satellite ceeties aroond Seoul, Ilsan, Toegyewon, Hanam, Pyeongchon, Songnae, Bundang, Pangyo an Gimpo.

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. A government publication states that on 1 November 2010, the population of “Seoul Metropolitan Area” stood at 23,616 thousand, which is the sum of the figures given for Gyeonggi-do (11,270 thousand), Seoul (9,708 thousand) and Incheon (2,638 thousand), apparently including the periphery.
    Source: “Preliminary Results of the 2010 Population and Housing Census” (PDF). Statistics Korea. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
  1. ^ Korea National Statistical Office (22 Julie 2008). "e나라지표:수도권 인구 집중 현황" (in Korean).
  2. ^ Ryu Boseon (류보선) (23 August 2005). "수도권 인구 편중현상 계속" (in Korean). Korea National Statistical Office (KNSO) News. Archived frae the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  3. ^ Hong, Yong-deok (홍용덕) (1 Juin 2005). "각종 분산정책 불구하고 수도권은 '인구 블랙홀'" (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. Archived frae the original on 8 Februar 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2012.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]