Seestems ecologie

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Seestems ecologie is an interdisciplinar field o ecologie, a subset o Yird seestem science, that takes a holistic approach tae the study o ecological seestems, especially ecoseestems.[1][2][3] Seestems ecologie can be seen as a application o general seestems theory tae ecologie. Central tae the seestems ecologie approach is the idea that a ecoseestem is a complex seestem exhibitin emergent properties. Seestems ecologie focuses on interactions an transactions athin an atween biological an ecological seestems, an is especially concerned wi the wey the functionin o ecoseestems can be influencit bi human interventions. It uises an extends concepts frae thermodynamics an develops ither macroscopic descriptions o complex seestems.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Shugart, Herman H., and Robert V. O'Neill. "Systems ecology". Dowden, Hutchingon & Ross, 1979.
  2. Van Dyne, George M. "Ecosystems, Systems Ecology, and Systems Ecologists". ORNL- 3975. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 1966.
  3. Wilkinson, David M. (2006). Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An Earth Systems Approach. Oxford University Press.