Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia
SpecialtyPsychiatry, psychology
SymptomsFalse beliefs, confused thinkin, hearin vyces ithers dae nae[1][2]
Uisual onsetTeepically early adultheid[2]
DurationChronic[2]
CausesEnvironmental an genetic factors[3]
Risk factorsFaimily history, cannabis uise, problems in pregnancy, being raised in a ceety, aulder faither[3]
Diagnostic methodBased on observed behaviour, reported experiences, an reports o ithers fameeliar wi the person[4]
Seemilar condeetionsSubstance misuise, Huntington's disease, muid disorders, autism[5]
TreatmentCoonsellin, job trainin[1][3]
MedicationAntipsychotics[3]
Prognosis18–20 years shorter life expectancy[6][7] due tae increases in suicide, hert an lifestyle disease[7]
Frequency~0.5%[8]
Daiths~17,000 (2015)[9]

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder chairacterised bi abnormal social behaviour an failyie tae unnerstaund reality.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Schizophrenia Fact sheet N°397". WHO. September 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Schizophrenia". National Institute of Mental Health. January 2016. Archived frae the oreeginal on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Owen MJ, Sawa A, Mortensen PB (July 2016). "Schizophrenia". Lancet. 388 (10039): 86–97. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01121-6. PMID 26777917.
  4. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 101–05. ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8.
  5. Ferri FF (2010). Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Mosby. p. Chapter S. ISBN 978-0-323-07699-9.
  6. Laursen TM, Munk-Olsen T, Vestergaard M (March 2012). "Life expectancy and cardiovascular mortality in persons with schizophrenia". Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 25 (2): 83–8. doi:10.1097/YCO.0b013e32835035ca. PMID 22249081.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Medicinal treatment of psychosis/schizophrenia". www.sbu.se (in Inglis). Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services. 21 November 2012. Archived frae the oreeginal on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. van Os J, Kapur S (August 2009). "Schizophrenia" (PDF). Lancet. 374 (9690): 635–45. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60995-8. PMID 19700006. Archived (PDF) frae the oreeginal on 23 June 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators (October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903. PMID 27733281.