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Artistic view of how the world feels like with schizophrenia - journal.pmed.0020146.g001.jpg
Sel-portrait of a person wi schizophrenia, representin that individual's perception o the distortit experience o reality in the disorder
Specialty Psychiatry, psychology
Symptoms False beliefs, confused thinkin, hearin vyces ithers dae nae[1][2]
Uisual onset Teepically early adultheid[2]
Duration Chronic[2]
Causes Environmental an genetic factors[3]
Risk factors Faimily history, cannabis uise, problems in pregnancy, being raised in a ceety, aulder faither[3]
Diagnostic method Based on observed behaviour, reported experiences, an reports o ithers fameeliar wi the person[4]
Seemilar condeetions Substance misuise, Huntington's disease, muid disorders, autism[5]
Treatment Coonsellin, job trainin[1][3]
Medication Antipsychotics[3]
Prognosis 18–20 years shorter life expectancy[6][7] due tae increases in suicide, hert an lifestyle disease[7]
Frequency ~0.5%[8]
Daiths ~17,000 (2015)[9]

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder chairacterised bi abnormal social behaviour an failyie tae unnerstaund reality.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lua error in mw.lua at line 142: field 'day' missing in date table.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lua error in mw.lua at line 142: field 'day' missing in date table.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Owen MJ, Sawa A, Mortensen PB (Julie 2016). "Schizophrenia". Lancet. 388 (10039): 86–97. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01121-6. PMID 26777917. 
  4. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 101–05. ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8. 
  5. Ferri FF (2010). Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Mosby. p. Chapter S. ISBN 978-0-323-07699-9. 
  6. Laursen TM, Munk-Olsen T, Vestergaard M (Mairch 2012). "Life expectancy and cardiovascular mortality in persons with schizophrenia". Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 25 (2): 83–8. doi:10.1097/YCO.0b013e32835035ca. PMID 22249081. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Lua error in mw.lua at line 142: field 'day' missing in date table.
  8. Lua error in mw.lua at line 142: field 'day' missing in date table.
  9. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators (October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903Freely accessible. PMID 27733281.