Schistosomiasis

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Schistosomiasis
Synonyms Bilharzia, snail fiver, Katayama fiver[1][2]
Schistosomiasis in a child 2.jpg
11-year-auld boy wi abdominal fluid an portal hypertension due tae schistosomiasis (Agusan del Sur, Philippines)
Specialty Infectious disease
Symptoms Abdominal pyne, diarrhoea, bluidy stuil, bluid in the urine[3]
Complications Liver damage, neer failyie, infertility, bledder cancer[3]
Causes Schistosomes frae freshwatter snails[3]
Diagnostic method Findin eggs o the parasite in urine or stuil, antibouks in bluid[3]
Prevention Access tae clean watter[3]
Medication Praziquantel[3]
Frequency 252 million (2015)[4]
Daiths 4,400-200,000[5][6]

Schistosomiasis, an aa kent as snail fiver an bilharzia,[7] is a disease caused bi parasitic flatwirms cried schistosomes.[3] The urinar tract or the intestines mey be infectit.[3] Symptoms include abdominal pyne, diarrhoea, bluidy stuil, or bluid in the urine.[3] Thae that hae been infectit for a lang time mey experience liver damage, neer failyie, infertility, or bledder cancer.[3] In childer, it mey cause puir growthe an learnin difficulty.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Schistosomiasis (bilharzia)". NHS Choices. 17 December 2011. Archived frae the oreeginal on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  2. "Schistosomiasis". Patient.info. 2 December 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 "Schistosomiasis Fact sheet N°115". World Health Organization. 3 February 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on 12 March 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  4. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. London, England. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577Freely accessible. PMID 27733282. 
  5. Thétiot-Laurent, S. A.; Boissier, J.; Robert, A.; Meunier, B. (27 June 2013). "Schistosomiasis Chemotherapy". Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English. 52 (31): 7936–56. doi:10.1002/anie.201208390. PMID 23813602. 
  6. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. London, England. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMID 27733281. 
  7. Colley, Daniel G.; Bustinduy, Amaya L.; Secor, W. Evan; King, Charles H. (2014). "Human schistosomiasis". The Lancet. 383 (9936): 2253–2264. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(13)61949-2. PMC 4672382Freely accessible. PMID 24698483. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2014-08-29.