Santa María Guienagati

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Santa María Guienagati
Municipality an toun
Santa María Guienagati is locatit in Mexico
Santa María Guienagati
Santa María Guienagati
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 16°44′N 95°21′W / 16.733°N 95.350°W / 16.733; -95.350Coordinates: 16°44′N 95°21′W / 16.733°N 95.350°W / 16.733; -95.350
Kintra  Mexico
State Oaxaca
Aurie
 • Total 211.79 km2 (81.77 sq mi)
Elevation 310 m (1,020 ft)
Time zone Central Staundart Time (UTC-6)
 • Simmer (DST) Central Daylicht Time (UTC-5)

Santa María Guienagati is a toun an municipality in Oaxaca in sooth-wastren Mexico. It is in the north o the Tehuantepec Destrict in the wast o the Istmo Region. The toun wis first settled bi Zapotec migrants frae Zaachila, an the name Guienagati comes frae Zapotec wirds meanin "Wiltit Flouer".[1]

Environs[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipality covers a aurie o 211.79 km². The toun is at a altitude o 310 metres abuin sea level. The aurie is muntainous, wi a wairm, dry climate. Vegetation includes pochote, cocoa, mahogany, guirisiña, cedar, pine, pitch pine an fruit trees. Wild fauna include deer, iguanas an armadillos.[1] Thare is an ecotourism centre in the Chayotopec commonty o the municipality, accessible frae the toun via a dirt road. The centre provides accommodation an arranges hikin an birdwatchin, visits tae coffee production facilities an local fuid.[2]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o 2005, the municipality haed 656 hoosehaulds wi a tot population o 2,911 o whom 684 spoke a indigenous leid. The toun is connectit bi a pavit road tae Ciudad Ixtepec an is servit bi a bus run bi the Union o Zapotec an Mixe Fowk o the Isthmus (Spaingie: Unión de Pueblos Zapotecos y Mixes del Istmo). The main economic activity is cultivation o coffee, corn an fruit. Thare is some cattle fermin an aw, an huntin an fishin for private consumption. Some fowk are involvit in loggin.[1]

In 1982 the fermers o Santa Maria Guienagati an Guevea de Humboldt, wi advice frae Jesuit mission team frae the Diocese o Tehuantepec, formit the Union o Indigenous Commonties o the Isthmus Region tae help gain better prices for thair coffee crop. Thay wur later jyned bi fermers frae ither commonties in the Sierra Mixe an northren Isthmus region.[3] The cooperative, which gained legal status in 1983, assists in technical an financial assistance for local manufacturs, as well as storage, transportation an naitional an internaitional mercatin o the products, o which the maist important is coffee. As it matured, it peyed increased attention tae the requirements o weemen an youth, an tae halth, eddication an nutrition. The cooperative gained certification for its members' organic fermin, an haes established links tae fair trade organisations tae impruive the prices receivit.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Santa María Guienagati". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  2. "Ecoturismo Chayotopec". Ecoturismo Chayotopec. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  3. Gavin Fridell (2007). Fair trade coffee: the prospects and pitfalls of market-driven social justice. University of Toronto Press. p. 184ff. ISBN 0-8020-9238-1. 
  4. "Union of Indigenous Communities of the Isthmus Region" (PDF). GPIAtlantic. Retrieved 2010-07-18.