San José de Maipo

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San José de Maipo
Maitenes range
Maitenes range
Coat of arms
Coat airms
Location in the Santiago Metropolitan Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
San José de Maipo
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 33°41′S 70°20′W / 33.683°S 70.333°W / -33.683; -70.333
RegionSantiago Metro.
 • TeepMunicipality
 • AlcaldeLuis Pezoa Alvarez (RN)
 • Total4994.8 km2 (1,928.5 sq mi)
Area rank1
 (2002 Census)[2]
 • Total13,376
 • Rank3
 • Density2.7/km2 (6.9/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Landwart
 • Men6,947
 • Weemen6,429
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT [3])
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST [4])
Area code(s)56 + 53
WebsiteMunicipality of San José de Maipo

San José de Maipo is a commune in Chile an the ceety athin it, locatit in Cordillera Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region, some 48 kilometres sooth-east o caipital Santiago, bordered on the east bi Argentinae, athort the Andes.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the 2002 census o the Naitional Statistics Institute, San José de Maipo spans a aurie o 4,994.8 km2 (1,929 sq mi) an haes 13,376 inhabitants (6,947 men an 6,429 weemen). O these, 9,311 (69.6%) livit in urban auries an 4,065 (30.4%) in landwart auries. The population grew bi 14.9% (1,730 bodies) atween the 1992 an 2002 censuses. Its population densitie wis then 6.9/km2 (18/sq mi), makkin it the maist sparsely populatit commune in the region.[2]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Amang the present economic activities staund oot nanmetallic minin, includin stane quarries, production o almonds an stane fruits, an crafts based on laja rock an alabaster, amang ithers. Regional tourism is vera important in this zone; thare are a great nummer o fuid an lodgin establishments. In 2001 the commune wis declared Zona de Interés Turístico Nacional (ZOIT), bi the Naitional Service o Tourism (SERNATUR).

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

San Jose de Maipo wis namit a toun bi order o Ambrosio O'Higgins in 1792. The Govrenor o Chile an futur Viceroy o Peru considered it necessar tae give it the pouer o a toun tae better support minin that teuk place aroond San Pedro Nolasco.

Durin the 19t century the aurie wis the scene o several important events in the unthirldom o Chile, syne acause o its proximity tae Argentinae it wis uised bi General San Martin an the leeberatin Airmy o the Andes tae support the Bernardine cause o O'Higgins.

At the end o that century minin began in the aurie. Durin the 20t Century, the commune became vera important for the ceety o Santiago, syne the first hydroelectric pouer station o the zone wis constructit thare (Maitenes), an a aqueduct wis constructit that supplies potable watter tae the ceety frae Andean glaciers an aw. Acause o the purity o its air, sanatoriums wur built for respiratory patients frae aw ower Chile. Towards the end o the century ecotourism became a pole o development, thanks tae the Maipo river's suitability for white watter raftin.

Administration[eedit | eedit soorce]

As a commune, San José de Maipo is a third-level admeenistrative diveesion o Chile admeenistered bi a municipal cooncil heidit bi an alcalde who is directly electit ivery fower years. For the years 2008-2012, the mayor wis Luis Pezoa Alvarez (RN), an the cooncil members wur:[1]

  • Julio Carrillo Quintana (RN)
  • Eduardo Astorga Flores (RN)
  • Marco Quintanilla P. (PS)
  • Virginia Ríos Mella (PDC)
  • Andres Venegas (PRSD)
  • Sonía Avila (RN)

Athin the electoral diveesions o Chile, San José de Maipo is representit in the Chamber o Deputies bi Osvaldo Andrade (PS) an Leopoldo Pérez (RN) as pairt o the 29t electoral destrict, (thegither wi Puente Alto, Pirque an La Pintana). The commune is representit in the Senate bi Soledad Alvear (PDC) an Pablo Longueira (UDI) as pairt o the 8t senatorial constituency (Santiago-East).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b (in Spaingie) "Municipality of San José de Maipo". Archived frae the original on 8 August 2010. Retrieved 27 Julie 2010.
  2. a b c d (in Spaingie) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 18 Julie 2010.
  3. "Chile Time". Archived frae the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 26 Julie 2010.
  4. "Chile Summer Time". Archived frae the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 26 Julie 2010.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]