Saffarid dynasty at its greatest extent under Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar
|Caipital||Zaranj, in whit is nou modren-day Afghanistan|
|Common leids||Persie (mither tongue)|
|Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar|
|The day pairt o|
The Saffarid dynasty (Persie: سلسله صفاریان) wis a Muslim Persianate dynasty frae Sistan that ruled ower pairts o eastren Iran, wi its caipital at Zaranj (a ceety nou in soothwastren Afghanistan). Khorasan, Afghanistan an Sistan frae 861 tae 1003.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Persian Prose Literature." World Eras. 2002. HighBeam Research. (September 3, 2012);"Princes, although they were often tutored in Arabic and religious subjects, frequently did not feel as comfortable with the Arabic language and preferred literature in Persian, which was either their mother tongue—as in the case of dynasties such as the Saffarids (861–1003), Samanids (873–1005), and Buyids (945–1055)...". 
- Robinson, Chase F. (2009). The new Cambridge history of Islam. Vol 1, Sixth to eleventh centuries (1. publ. ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. p. 345. ISBN 978-0-521-83823-8.
The Tahirids had made scant use of Persian, though the Saffarids used it considerably more. But under the Samanids Persian emerged as a full "edged language of literature and (to a lesser extent) administration. Court patronage was extended to Persian poets, including the great Rudaki (d. c. 940). Meanwhile Arabic continued to be used abundantly, for administration and for scientific, theo logical and philosophical discourse.
- The Islamization of Central Asia in the Samanid era and the reshaping of the Muslim world, D.G. Tor, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London , Vol. 72, No. 2 (2009), 281;"The Saffārids were the first of the Persianate dynasties to arise from the remains of the politically moribund ʿAbbāsid caliphate".
- The Cambridge History of Iran, by Richard Nelson Frye, William Bayne Fisher, John Andrew Boyle (Cambridge University Press, 1975: ISBN 0-521-20093-8), pg. 121.
- The Encyclopedia of World History, ed. Peter N. Stearns and William Leonard Langer (Houghton Mifflin, 2001), 115.
- Clifford Edmund Bosworth, Encyclopædia Iranica SAFFARIDS