The Ryal Pailace o Turin (Italian: Palazzo Reale di Torino) is an historic pailace o the Hoose o Savoy in the ceety o Turin in Northren Italy. It wis oreeginally biggit in the 16t century an wis later modernised bi Christine o Fraunce (1606–63) in the 17t century, wi designs bi the Baroque architect Filippo Juvarra (whgo later biggit the Ryal Pailace o Madrid) The pailace an aw includes the Palazzo Chiablese an the Chaipel o the Haly Shroud, the latter o which wis biggit tae hoose the famous Shroud o Turin. In 1946, the building became the property o the state an it wis made intae a museum. In 1997, it wis placed on the UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid leet alang wi 13 ither residences o the Hoose o Savoy. It wis the Ducal Pailace but wis later cried the Ryal Pailace efter the Duke o Savoy became Keeng o Sardinie in 1713.
Brief history[eedit | eedit soorce]
The chosen location wis the previous Bishop's Pailace, which haed been biggit in the middle o the new caipital o Savoy, Turin, during the ringo Emmanuel Philibert, Duke o Savoy. Its advantages included an open an sunny poseetion, in addition tae bein close tae ither buildings whaur the coort met. The Duke wis able tae monitor the twa entrances o the ceety (the Palatine an the Pretoria gates) frae the Bishop's Pailace. The Bishop's Pailace in Turin wis later captured bi the French in 1536 an served aa a residence o the French Viceroys o Savoy, who war appyntit bi Francis I o Fraunce. Opposite the Bishop's Pailace wis the "Palazzo Vecchio" or the "Palazzo di San Giovanni". Sicweys the auld Bishop's Palace became the seat o power an wis greatly expanded bi Emmanuel Philibert tae hoose his ever-growin collection o airt, ainimals, marbles, an furniture. Emmanuel Philibert died in Turin in August 1580 an the Savoyard throne passed tae his son, Charles Emmanuel I o Savoy. In celebration o the jynt mairiages o his daughters Princess Margaret an Princess Isabella in 1608, Charles Emmanuel I commissioned the construction o a ring o porches topped off bi an open gallery. His son, the future Victor Amadeus I, Duke o Savoy, entered intae a prestigious mairiagewhen he mairit Christine Marie o Fraunce. Thair mairiage teuk place in Paris at the Palais du Louvre in 1619.
Victor Amadeus I succeeded tae the Duchy o Savoy in 1630. He haed previously spent his youth in Madrid at the coort o his grandfaither, Philip II o Spain. His wife set the tone for Victor Amadeus I's ring. Christine haed the coort moved frae the ducal pailace in Turin tae the Castello del Valentino, which at that time, wis on the outskirts o the smaw caipital. Mony o Victor Amadeus I an Christine's childer war born at Valentino, includin Francis Hyacinth, Duke o Savoy an his successor Charles Emmanuel II, Duke o Savoy. Christine became the regent o Savoy efter the daith o her husband in 1637 on behalf o her twa sons, who succeeded as Dukes o Savoy.
During the rule o Victor Amadeus II, the Daniel gallery wis creatit an named efter Daniel Seiter, who painted the lavish murals seen thare. Victor Amadeus II an aw haed a collection o simmer apartments biggit tae leuk onto the coort an a winter apartment overlooking the gardens. His wife wis the niece o Louis XIV, born Anne Marie d'Orléans. Louis XV's mither an aunt war born in the pailace in 1685 an 1688, respectively.
Victor Amadeus III mairit Maria Antonia o Spain an the couple preferred tae reside in the kintra in the Palazzina di caccia di Stupinigi. The Neoclassical style wis introduced tae the pailace in the ring o Charles Emmanuel III. The palace wis overshadowed bi the Stupinigi building later on, when Victor Emmanuel II o Sardinie mairit Adelaide o Austrick. The palace ance again saw some life wi the redecoration o some o its rooms.
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Media relatit tae Ryal Pailace o Turin at Wikimedia Commons