Ryal Pailace o Turin

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Pailace today.

The Ryal Pailace o Turin (Italian: Palazzo Reale di Torino) is an historic pailace o the Hoose o Savoy in the ceety o Turin in Northern Italy. It wis originally built in the 16t century and wis later modernised bi Christine o Fraunce (1606–63) in the 17t century, with designs bi the Baroque architect Filippo Juvarra (whgo later constructed the Ryal Pailace o Madrid) The pailace also includes the Palazzo Chiablese an the Chaipel o the Haly Shroud, the latter of which was built tae hoose the famous Shroud o Turin. In 1946, the building became the property o the state an it wis made into a museum. In 1997, it wis placed on the UNESCO World Heritage Steid list along with 13 other residences o the Hoose o Savoy. It wis the Ducal Pailace but wis later cried the Ryal Pailace after the Duke o Savoy became Keeng o Sardinie in 1713.

Brief history[eedit | eedit soorce]

Construction o the pailace wis ordered bi the Regent Christine o Fraunce 1645. She wanted a new residence for the coort after her son Charles Emmanuel II o Savoy returned frae the civil war.

The chosen location wis the previous Bishop's Pailace, which haed been built in the middle o the new capital o Savoy, Turin, during the ringo Emmanuel Philibert, Duke o Savoy. Its advantages included an open an sunny position, in addition tae being close tae other buildings where the coort met. The Duke wis able tae monitor the twa entrances o the ceety (the Palatine an the Pretoria gates) from the Bishop's Pailace. The Bishop's Pailace in Turin was later captured by the French in 1536 an served aa a residence o the French Viceroys o Savoy, who were appointed bi Francis I o Fraunce. Opposite the Bishop's Pailace wis the "Palazzo Vecchio" or the "Palazzo di San Giovanni". Thus the old Bishop's Palace became the seat of power and wis greatly expanded bi Emmanuel Philibert to hoose his ever-growing collection of art, animals, marbles, and furniture. Emmanuel Philibert died in Turin in August 1580 an the Savoyard throne passed tae his son, Charles Emmanuel I o Savoy. In celebration o the joint mairiages o his daughters Princess Margaret an Princess Isabella in 1608, Charles Emmanuel I commissioned the construction o a ring o porches topped off bi an open gallery. His son, the future Victor Amadeus I, Duke o Savoy, entered into a prestigious mairiagewhen he mairit Christine Marie o Fraunce. Their mairiage took place in Paris at the Palais du Louvre in 1619.

Victor Amadeus I succeeded tae the Duchy o Savoy in 1630. He haed previously spent his youth in Madrid at the coort o his grandfaither, Philip II o Spain. His wife set the tone for Victor Amadeus I's ring. Christine haed the coort moved frae the ducal pailace in Turin tae the Castello del Valentino, which at that time, wis on the outskirts o the small capital. Many o Victor Amadeus I an Christine's childer were born at Valentino, including Francis Hyacinth, Duke o Savoy an his successor Charles Emmanuel II, Duke o Savoy. Christine became the regent o Savoy after the daith o her husband in 1637 on behalf o her twa sons, who succeeded as Dukes o Savoy.

During the rule o Victor Amadeus II, the Daniel gallery wis created an named after Daniel Seiter, who painted the lavish murals seen there. Victor Amadeus II also had a collection of summer apartments built to look onto the coort an a winter apartment overlooking the gardens. His wife wis the niece o Louis XIV, born Anne Marie d'Orléans. Louis XV's mither an aunt were born in the pailace in 1685 an 1688, respectively.

Victor Amadeus III mairit Maria Antonia o Spain an the couple preferred tae reside in the country in the Palazzina di caccia di Stupinigi. The Neoclassical style wis introduced tae the pailace in the ring o Charles Emmanuel III. The palace was overshadowed by the Stupinigi building later on, when Victor Emmanuel II o Sardinie mairit Adelaide o Austrick. The palace once again saw some life with the redecoration of some of its rooms.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Ryal Pailace o Turin at Wikimedia Commons