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SynonymsGerman maisles, three-day-maisles
Rash of rubella on skin of child's back.JPG
A rush due tae rubella on a bairn's back. The aurie affectit is seemilar tae that o measles but the rush is less intensely reid.
SpecialtyInfectious disease
SymptomsRush, swallen lymph nodes, fiver, sore thrait, feelin tired[1][2]
ComplicationsTesticular swellin, inflammation o nerves, congenital rubella syndrome, miscairiage[3][1]
Uisual onset2 weeks efter exposur[1]
Duration3 days[1]
CausesRubella virus (spread throu the air)[3][4]
Diagnostic methodFindin the virus in the bluid, thrait, or urine, antibouk tests[1]
PreventionRubella vaccine[3]
TreatmentSupportive care[2]
FrequencyCommon in many areas[2]

Rubella, an aa kent as German maisles or three-day maisles,[5] is an infection caused bi the rubella virus.[3] This disease is eften mild wi hauf o fowk nae realisin that thay are sick.[6][1] A rush mey stairt aroond twa weeks efter exposur an last for three days. It uisually stairts on the face an spreads tae the rest o the bouk. The rush is nae as bricht as that o maisles an is whiles itchy. Swallen lymph nodes are common an mey last a few weeks.[1] A fever, sore throat, and fatigue may also occur.[1][2] In adults jynt pain is common. Complications mey include bleedin problems, testicular swellin, an inflammation o nerves.[1] Infection during early pregnancy mey result in a bairn born wi congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) or miscairiage. Symptoms of CRS include problems with the eyes such as cataracts, ears such as deafness, heart, and brain. Problems are rare efter the 20t week o pregnancy.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Atkinson, William (2011). Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (12 ed.). Public Health Foundation. pp. 301–323. ISBN 9780983263135. Retrieved 2017-05-05.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Huong McLean (2014). "3 Infectious Diseases Related To Travel". CDC health information for international travel 2014 : the yellow book. ISBN 9780199948499.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Lambert, N; Strebel, P; Orenstein, W; Icenogle, J; Poland, GA (7 January 2015). "Rubella". Lancet. 385: 2297–307. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60539-0. PMC 4514442. PMID 25576992.
  4. "Rubella (German Measles, Three-Day Measles)". December 17, 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  5. Neighbors, M; Tannehill-Jones, R (2010). "Childhood diseases and disorders". Human diseases (3rd ed.). Clifton Park, New York: Delmar, Cengage Learning. pp. 457–79. ISBN 978-1-4354-2751-8.
  6. "Rubella vaccines: WHO position paper" (PDF). Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 86 (29): 301–16. 15 July 2011. PMID 21766537.