Roman Republic

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Roman Republic
Offeecial name (as on coins):
Roma
efter c. 100 BC:
Senatus populusque Romanus  (Laitin) (SPQR)
("The Senate an Fowk o Rome")
509 BC–27 BC
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Roman consul accompanied bi twa lictors
Roman provinces on the eve o the assassination o Julius Caesar, 44 BC
Roman provinces on the eve o the assassination o Julius Caesar, 44 BC
Caipital Roum
Common leids Laitin (offeecial),
various unoffeecial spoken in certain places includin Greek, Ebreu, Aramaic, Syriac, Gallic, Berber
Releegion Roman polytheism
Govrenment Republic
Consul  
• 509–508 BC
Lucius Brutus,
Lucius Collatinus
• 27 BC
Gaius Octavianus,
Marcus Agrippa
Legislatur Legislative Assembly
Historical era Classical antiquity
• Owerthrow o Tarquinius Superbus follaein the Rape o Lucretia
509 BC
• Caesar proclaimed dictator for 10 years
47 BC
2 September 31 BC
• Octavian proclaimed Augustus
16 Januar 27 BC
Aurie
326 BC[1] 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi)
200 BC[1] 360,000 km2 (140,000 sq mi)
146 BC[1] 800,000 km2 (310,000 sq mi)
100 BC[1] 1,200,000 km2 (460,000 sq mi)
50 BC[1] 1,950,000 km2 (750,000 sq mi)
Currency Roman siller
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
She-wolf suckles Romulus and Remus.jpg Roman Kinrick
Chimera d'arezzo, fi, 09.JPG Etruscan ceevilisation
Magna Graecia
Roman Empire Augustus fist century aureus obverse.png
The day pairt o

The Roman Republic (Laitin: Res Pvblica Romana) wis the period o the auncient Roman ceevilization when the govrenment operatit as a republic. It began wi the owerthrow o the Roman monarchy, tradeetionally datit aroond 509 BC, an its replacement bi a govrenment heidit bi twa consuls, electit annually bi the ceetizens an advised bi a senate. A complex constitution gradually developed, centered on the principles o a separation o pouers an checks an balances. Except in times o dire naitional emergency, public offices wur leemitit tae ane year, sae that, in theory at least, no single individual wielded absolute pouer ower his fellae ceetizens.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth–Decline Curves, 600 BC to 600 AD". Social Science History. Social Science History, Vol. 3, No. 3/4. 3 (3/4): 115–138 [125]. doi:10.2307/1170959. JSTOR 1170959.