Robert Edwards (pheesiologist)

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Sir Robert Edwards
Robert Edwards.jpg
Born Robert Geoffrey Edwards
27 September 1925(1925-09-27)[1]
Batley, Ingland
Died 10 Apryle 2013(2013-04-10) (aged 87)
near Cambridge, Ingland
Alma mater
Kent for Pioneer of in-vitro fertilisation
Hauf-marrae(s) Ruth Fowler Edwards[1]
Awairds
Scientific career
Fields
Institutions
Thesis The experimental induction of heteroploidy in the mouse (1955)
Wabsteid
www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2010

Sir Robert Geoffrey Edwards, CBE, FRS[3][4][5] (27 September 1925 – 10 Aprile 2013) wis an Inglis pheesiologist an pioneer in reproductive medicine, an in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) in pairteecular. Alang wi the surgeon Patrick Steptoe,[6] Edwards successfully pioneered conception throu IVF, which led tae the birth o Louise Brown [7] on 25 Julie 1978.[8][9] Thay foondit the first IVF programme for infertile patients an trained ither scientists in thair techniques. Edwards wis the foondin editor-in-chief o Human Reproduction in 1986.[10] In 2010, Edwards wis awairdit the Nobel Prize in Pheesiology or Medicine "for the development o in vitro fertilisation".[11][12][13]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 EDWARDS, Sir Robert (Geoffrey). ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2014 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  closed access publication – ahint peywaw (subscription needit)
  2. Robert Edwards profile at Lasker Foundation
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gardner, Richard (2015). "Sir Robert Geoffrey Edwards CBE. 27 September 1925 — 10 April 2013". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society. 61. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2014.0020. ISSN 0080-4606. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Johnson, M. H. (2011). "Robert Edwards: The path to IVF". Reproductive BioMedicine Online. 23 (2): 245–262. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2011.04.010. PMC 3171154Freely accessible. PMID 21680248. 
  5. Fisher, S. J.; Giudice, L. C. (2013). "Robert G. Edwards (1925-2013)". Science. 340 (6134): 825. doi:10.1126/science.1239644. PMID 23687039. 
  6. Edwards, R. G. (1996). "Patrick Christopher Steptoe". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 42: 434–426. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1996.0027. PMID 11619339. 
  7. Steptoe, P. C.; Edwards, R. G. (1978). "Birth After the Reimplantation of a Human Embryo". The Lancet. 312 (8085): 366. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(78)92957-4. PMID 79723. 
  8. "1978: First 'test tube baby' born". BBC. 1978-07-25. Retrieved 2009-06-13. The birth of the world's first "test tube baby" has been announced in Manchester (England). Louise Brown was born shortly before midnight in Oldham and District General Hospital 
  9. Moreton, Cole (2007-01-14). "World's first test-tube baby Louise Brown has a child of her own". London: Independent. Retrieved 2010-05-22. The 28-year-old, whose pioneering conception by in-vitro fertilisation made her famous around the world ... The fertility specialists Patrick Steptoe and Bob Edwards became the first to successfully carry out IVF by extracting an egg, impregnating it with sperm and planting the resulting embryo back into the mother. 
  10. Fraser LR (2000). "In Appreciation of Professor R. G. Edwards, Founding Editor of the Human Reproduction Journals". MHR. 6 (5): 3. doi:10.1093/molehr/6.5.3. 
  11. "The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine – Press Release". Nobelprize.org. 2010-10-04. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  12. Jones Jr, H. W.; Gosden, R. G. (2013). "Professor Sir Robert Edwards, 1925-2013". Fertility and Sterility. 99 (7): 1799–800. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.04.042. PMID 23726252. 
  13. Johnson, M. H.; Franklin, S. B.; Cottingham, M.; Hopwood, N. (2010). "Why the Medical Research Council refused Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe support for research on human conception in 1971". Human Reproduction. 25 (9): 2157. doi:10.1093/humrep/deq155. PMID 20657027.