Ricadi

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Ricadi
Comune
Comune di Ricadi
Coat o airms o Ricadi
Coat o airms
Ricadi is located in Italy
Ricadi
Ricadi
Location of Ricadi in Italy
Coordinates: 38°37′N 15°52′E / 38.617°N 15.867°E / 38.617; 15.867
Country Italy
Region Calabrie
Province / Metropolitan ceety Vibo Valentia (VV)
Frazioni Barbalàconi, Brivàdi, Capo Vaticano, Ciaramìti, Lampazòne, Orsigliàdi, Santa Domenica, Santa Maria, San Nicolò
Govrenment
 • Mayor Laria Domenico
Aurie
 • Tot 22 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 285 m (935 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Tot 4,471
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ricadesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 89866, 89865
Dialin code 0963
Patron saint St. Zachary
Saint day November 5
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Ricadi (Greek: Rigadion) is a smaw landwart toun, as well as a municipality, locatit alang the Tyrrhenian coast, in the province o Vibo Valentia), in the Italian region o Calabrie.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Boondaries[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipality o Ricadi is locatit atween the guwfs o Lamezia Terme (Catanzaro) and Gioia Tauro (Reggio Calabria). Capo Vaticano lees atween these twa guwfs. The Tyrrhenian sea touches Ricadi tae the wast (aboot 12 kilometres o coasts).

Winds[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein winds blow alang the coast o Ricadi:

  • the Scirocco, a hot, dry wind oreeginatin in the Sahara desert (it blows frae the sootheast);
  • the Libeccio, a humid wasterly wind which frequently maks the sea rough an mey form violent wasterly squalls. It may pruive vera dangerous for shippers an watter sport enthusiasts;
  • the Mistral , a dry cauld northerly wind which blows in winter.

Main distances[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ceety Distance (km)
Tropea 10
Vibo Valentia 27
Gioia Tauro 40
Lamezia Terme 72
Messina 91
Catanzaro 97
Reggio Calabria 98
Cosenza 127
Crotone 166
Catania 187
Bari 398
Naples 436
Roum 646
Milan 1,193

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreegins o Ricadi are unkent. Accordin tae legend, it wis probably foondit at the time o the Saracen invasions, durin or efter the 10t century. Bi this time, the Saracens haed settled aroond Rombiolo. Ricadi appears tae hae been amaist reducit tae rubble bi the yirdquauk which struck towards the end o the 18t century, it wis hivily damagit bi the ane which struck at the beginnin o the 20t century an aw. The place-name 'Ricade' or 'Rigade' appeared for the first time in the 16t an 17t centuries, an suggests a derivation frae the surname 'Riga' or 'Rigà', which wis a common surname in Calabrie.

Ower the centuries Ricadi haes been populatit bi Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, an Normans: they built an blastit road an defensive infrastructures (roads, brigs, touers defendin coasts an rivers). Mony airchaeological discoveries are still visible; others are well protected, being houses in the Naitional Museum o Reggio Calabria.

For a time, Ricadi wis attached tae the toun o Tropea. In 1799 the Ricadesi obtained their unthirldom thanks tae Championnet, a French general who conquered the Kinrick o Naples (which Ricadi wis umwhile pairt o).

Ricadi became a municipality o the Monteleone destrict (nou Vibo Valentia), belangin tae Calabria Ulteriore, acause o a rule set in 1811.

Afore becomin ane o the main tourist detatinations o the lawer Tyrrhennian Sea, Grotticelle wis populatit bi fowk who livit on agricultur an fishin. Bi the mid '80s, this place became ane o the main economic drivin force o the oweraw economy o Ricadi. Thanks tae tourism, ower the past decades, incomes an livin staundarts hae increasinly impruivit for local inhabitants (accordin tae some, the per caipita income o the little toun is ane o the heichest in Calabria).

Near Grotticelle hunders o tourist structurs hae been built: these include campin-steids, tourist veelages locatit near the sea, 2 tae 5 starn hotels, residences an ferm holidays locatit in the hills.

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

"The Farming Museum", Museo d’Arte Contadina, opened tae the public in Mey 1992. The collection, made up bi near tae 500 finds, shows variety rudimentar fermin machinery, tuils tae process local crops such as flax an broom fibre, an terracotta ware. Hoosed bi the ‘Giuseppe Berto’ Conference Centre, the collection is on permanent display.

Events[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • "Giuseppe Berto Leeterar Prize", Premio Letterario Giuseppe Berto. The writer Giuseppe Berto wis born in Mogliano Veneto, but made Capo Vaticano his seicont hame. The Prize is awairdit ivery Juin, in Ricadi an Mogliano Veneto on alternative years. The 2003 edeetion markit a turnin point, syne the prize wis dividit into two separate categories: the historical ane tae be awairdit tae an emergin writer, an a new category focusin on foreign fiction. The latter prize is awairdit tae a livin author whose wirk haes been published in Italian.
  • "Capo Vaticano Sporting Prize", Premio Sportivo Capo Vaticano, ivery year in September. Established in 1987, the Capo Vaticano Sporting Prize haes the objective o recognizin an promotin the eddicational value o fitbaa, as well as unitin aw those who are fond o Calabrie. It is awairdit tae Italian referees, fitbawers an jurnalists o regional an naitional renoun.
  • "Red Onion Festival", La Sagra della Cipolla Rossa: ivery year on 13t o August. The festival stairts in the mid-efternuin wi a variety o gemmes are played in Piazza Marconi, the main square o the veelage. The tradeetional ‘Pignata’ Tournament in which the contestants are blindfauldit an, helpit bi bistaunders, uise a lang firthen stick tae break ane or mair pignatas, or terra-cotta pots, which are suspended frae a string. Pignatas are sometimes filled wi watter. The ‘Bumbuleju’ Race is for weemen o aw ages. Contestants race frae ane end o the square tae the ither, carryin the terra-cotta pot on their heids athoot uisin their haunds.

Ither gemmes include the Egg Race, the Sack Race, the Mini-marathon, the Onion Race, the Cheese-rollin tournament. Teepical onion-dish samplin stairts at dinner time. At exactly midnicht the ‘Camejuzzu i Focu’ dance is performit. The tradeetional firewirks display closes the festival.

  • "Ice-Cream Festival": each simmer, in Julie.

Festivities[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Releegious Festivities are solemnisit in honour o Saunt Zaccaria (the Patron Saunt - on 5 November); Saunt Biagio (on 3 Februar), Saunt Antonio frae Padua (on 13 Juin); Saunt Domenica (on 6 Julie); Virgin Mary o Graces (on 15 August).

Associations[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • "Friends o Giuseppe Berto" (the panel o judges for the literar prize)
  • "Noi di Ricadi" (fowk frae Ricadi - editorial staff o Terra Nostra newspaper)

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Agriculture[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cipolla Rossa di Tropea, famous red onions frae Tropea, are grown aw alang the coast. They are then processed an shippit throuoot Italy, northren Europe, an elsewhaur. In addition, vegetables, citruses (oranges, lemons, bergamots) an ‘nduja, a salami made frae saisoned pork an red hot pepper, are producit.

Fishin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Flatfish, tuna, bass, dentex, sea bream, conger, mullet, moray, an polypus.

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

The three bays o Grotticelle ("little caves") are the maist famous an maist evocative bathin places o the municipality o Ricadi, in Calabrie an they are linkit wi Capo Vaticano (Cape Vatican). Smawer, mair remote an evocative beaches can be reached frae Grotticelle.

Notes an references[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]