The summit area viewed frae the wast summit
|Elevation||4,550 m (14,930 ft) |
|Prominence||3,997 m (13,114 ft) |
|Isolation||1,483 kilometres (921 mi)|
|Leetin||Kintra heich pynt|
|Parent range||Simien moontains|
|First ascent||1841, by French officers Ferret and Galinier|
Ras Dejen (alternatively Ras Dashen Ge'ez: ራስ ደጀን rās dejen or ራስ ዳሸን rās dashen, Amharic "heid gaird") is the heichest moontain in Ethiopie an tenth heichest moontain o Africae. Pairt o Simien Moontains Naitional Pairk locatit in the Amhara Region, it reaches an elevation o 4,550 metres (14,930 ft). The mair common form, "Ras Dashen" is a corruption o its Amharic name, "Ras Dejen", used bi the seestem o the Ethiopian Mapping Authority (EMA) which means "the general who fechts in front of the Emperor"[dubious ].
Owerview[eedit | eedit soorce]
According tae Erik Nilsson, Ras Dejen is the eastren peak of the rim of "an enormous volcanae, the northren hauf of which is cut doun aboot [a] thoosand metres bi numerous ravines, draining intae the Takkazzi River." Its wastren coonterpairt is Moont Biuat (4,510 meters), seperatit bi the valley o the Meshaha river. The moontain often sees violent snawfaws during the night, but given that day and night temperatures vary greatly, the snaw is awmaist completely meltit in a few hours (during the hottest period of the year), for the temperature mey be ower 5 degrees Celsius by midday. In winter snaw fawe rarely, syne the majority o Ethiopie's yearly rainfaws is in the summer, but if it does it uisuallu lasts for weeks or months.
The first recordit ascent by a Eurasie was in 1841, by the French officers Ferret and Galinier. Thare is nae verifiable evidence of earlier ascents by locals, but the summit climate and condeetions are relatively hospitable, and thare are nearby heich altitude pastoral settlements. A smaw fort still partially stauindin at aroond 4,300 Meter SRTM data.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Africa Ultra-Prominences" According to Peaklist.org: "There is a high-divergence of published elevations for Ras Dejen (also spelled Ras Deshen or Ras Dashen). An Italian military survey measured it at 4620m mi, a height that is still often quoted.peaks.html?pk=215 Peakware.com quotes this measurement A new elevation of 4,533m emerged from a 1970s triangulation survey.example: Peakbagger.comand Summitpost.org A subsequent Franco-Italian survey established a height of 4,550m."Peaklist footnote #2. See also Elevation misquotes. Retrieved 2012-09-02.
- "Africa Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-09-02.
- Erik Nilsson, "Traces of Ancient Changes of Climate in East Africa: Preliminary Report", Geografiska Annaler, 17 (1935), p. 13