Radegast (god)

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Statue o "Radegast" on a Czech muntain Radhošť

Radegast, an aw Radigost, Redigast, Riedegost or Radogost is an auld god o Slavic meethologie. Syne the name can easily be etymologisit as meanin something like “Dear guest”, Radegast wis proclaimed as the Slavic god o hospitality an as such entered the hypothetical, reconstructit Slavic pantheon o modren days. Even meeths concernin him wur constructed based on various fowk customs o sacred hospitality. Similar customs, housomeivver, are kent in mony Indo-European meethologies athoot a distinct deity associatit explicitly wi thaim. Accordin tae some leeterar sources he is the god o war, nicht, fire an the forenicht sky an aw.[1] He likes tae invite tae the banquets, is completely black an is airmit wi a spear an helmet.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mt. Radhošť (Czech Beskids) is tradeetionally associatit wi the wirship o this god an accordin tae legend, missionars Cyril an Methodius when they reportedly visitit the muntain on their trip tae Great Moravie, haed his idol demolished.

Radegast is mentioned bi Adam o Bremen in his Gesta Hammaburgensis Ecclesiae Pontificum as the deity worshipped in the Lutician (Wast Slavic tribes) ceety o Radgosc. Likewise, Helmold in his Chronica Slavorum wrote o Radegast as a Lutician god. Housomeivver, Thietmar o Merseburg earlier wrote in his Chronicon that the pagan Luticians in their holy ceety o "Radegast" worshippit mony gods, the maist important o which wis cried Zuarasici, identifee'd as either Svarog or Svarožič. Accordin tae Adam o Bremen, Johannes Scotus, Bishop o Mecklenburg, wis sacrificit tae that god on 10 November 1066, durin a Wendish pagan rebellion against Christianity.

Accordin tae Slavic legends, Radegast wis beluvit bi Hors, describit as bonnie young goddess o the muin. Housomeivver he ignored her, unlike the god o the wind Stribog, who luvit her. Stribog secretly stole Radegast's cloak an towards fore-nuin he sneakit intae Hors chamber, whaur she let him seduce her an got her pregnant. Radegast wis ootragit, but no acause o Hors rather for the stolen coat. Hors felt cheatit an lonely. She beggit for mercy for her newborn girl an suggestit that she coud be a goddess o hairst, but the main god Svarog disagreed an the dispute wis no settled. As a result this saison does no hae a goddess an the goddess Živa fechts ower it wi the goddess Marzanna.[1]

In popular cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreeginal statue ance foond on Mt. Radhošť, sculptit in 1929 bi Albin Polasek, is nou locatit in Frenstat's (Czech Republic) Toun Haw. Whan the statue wis muivit tae the muntain in 1931, the larrie became stuck in a steep turn, hivy rain accompaniet the storm an lichtnin killed ane o the sodgers.[2]

A smawer version bi Albin Polasek staunds in the centre o Prague's Zoo. The enlarged version, nou foond on Mt. Radhošť, is a mair recent copy fundit bi the Radegast Beer Company in 1998. Mair information an sculpturs o Radegast can be viewed at The Albin Polasek Museum & Sculpture Gardens in Winter Park, Florida. The name Radhošť itsel is supposed tae be a Czech transcription o Radegast.

Radagast the Brown is a fictional character in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium. He is ane o the Wizards an lives amang animals. Radigost is the name o a Roushie black metal baund formit in 1994 an aw.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Radhošť at Wikimedia Commons

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Book Báje a mýty starých slovanů bi Ivan Hudec, Slovart, 1994
  2. Pohanský bůh Radegast

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