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In pheesics, a quantum (plural: quanta) is the minimum amoont o ony pheesical entity involved in an interaction. Behind this, ane finds the fundamental notion that a pheesical property mey be "quantized," referred tae as "the hypothesis o quantization".[1] This means that the magnitude can tak on anly certain discrete values.

A photon is a single quantum o licht, an is referred tae o as a "licht quantum". The energy o an electron boond tae an atom is quantized, which results in the stability o atoms, an hence o matter in general.

As incorporatit intae the theory o quantum mechanics, this is regardit bi pheesicists as pairt o the fundamental framewirk for unnerstanding an describin naitur at the smawest length-scales.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wiener, N. (1966). Differential Space, Quantum Systems, and Prediction. Cambridge: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press