|Philippine Charlotte o Proushie|
|Duchess consort o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
|Born||13 Mairch 1716|
|Dee'd||17 Februar 1801 (aged 84)|
|Spouse||Charles I o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
|Issue||Charles II, Duke o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
Prince Georg Franz
Sophie, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Prince Christian Ludwig
Anna, Duchess o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Prince Frederick Augustus
Prince Albrecht Heinrich
Prince Wilhelm Adolf
Elisabeth Christine, Croun Princess o Proushie
Augusta Dorothea, Abbess o Gandersheim
Prince Maximilian Julius Leopold
|Faither||Frederick William I o Proushie|
|Mither||Sophia Dorothea o Hanover|
Princess Philippine Charlotte o Proushie (13 Mairch 1716, – 17 Februar 1801, in Brunswick) wis a Duchess consort o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by marriage to Charles I of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and a known intellectual in contemporary Germany. She is listed as a female composer as she is thocht tae have written marches an other music.
Life[eedit | eedit soorce]
Mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]
On 2 Julie 1733 in Berlin, Princess Philippine Charlotte mairit Duke Karl o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, son o Ferdinand Albert II, Duke o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Charles inherited the dukedom on his faither's daith in 1735, making her Duchess consort.
The double mairiage alliance atween Prussia and Brunswick bi her mairiage tae Charles I, and that of her brither Frederick to Karl' sister Elisabeth Christine, led to a permanent alliance o the most important North German Protestant houses Prussia and Brunswick. The faimily ties of the two dynasties resulted the alliance of Brunswick and Prussia in the Seven Years' War, and the career of Philippines sons in the Prussian service.
Philippine Charlotte was described as subtle, highly educated and a bairn o the enlightenment. She worked independently o an extract o the philosophical writings of Christian von Wolff in French. The Duchess pursued, partly because of the influence f the ducal adviser Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, the German intellectual life very closely. She appreciated the poet Salomon Gessner and maintained a personal relationship Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. The dramatist Lessing were also among her circle.
As Duchess consort, Philippine Charlotte's court life focused on the circle o conversation she held before an efter dinner in her state apartments in the Grauer Hof, to which she attracted scholars and men of letters with positions at court. The Brunswick court attended a few opera performances and public balls a year in accordance with court etiquette, but the muckle expenditure of her spouse soon made it necessary to have a more economic court life.
She raised her son Charles in reverence o her brither, Frederick of Proushie, gave him a humanist education with Abbé Jerusalem among his tutors, and sent him on a Grand Tour with the archaeologist Winckelmann as his companion.
In 1773, Charles I was obliged tae make his son regent, and in 1780, he died, an wis succeedit bi her son.
The Swadish Princess Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte described her, as well as her faimily, at the time o a visit in August, 1799:
Our cousin, the Duke, arrived immediately the next morning. [...] After he left us, I visited the Dowager Duchess, the aunt o my consort. She is an agreeable, highly educated and well respected lady, but bi now so old that she has almost lost her memory.
Philippine Charlotte left to the Wolfenbüttel Library her own collection of 4,000 volumes.
Issue[eedit | eedit soorce]
- 9 October 1735-16 October 1806) Princess Augusta o Great Breetain an haed issue.
- Georg Franz ( 29 September 1736- 10 December 1737) Died in infancy.
- Duchess Sophie Caroline Marie o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel mairit Friedrich, Margrave o Brandenburg-Bayreuth an haed nae issue.
|#Christian Ludwig (3 November 1738-12 Aprile 1742)
- Duchess Anna Amalia o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (24 October 1739- 10 Aprile 1807) mairit Ernest Augustus II, Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach an haed issue
- Frederick Augustus (29 October 1740- 8 October 1805) mairit Princess Friederike Sophie Charlotte Auguste o Württemberg-Oels and haed nae issue.
- Albrecht Heinrich (26 Februar 1742-8 August 1761)
- Luise (18 December 1743- 22 Februar 1744)
- Wilhelm Adolf (18 Mey 1745- 24 August 1770)
- Elisabeth Christine mairit Frederick William, Croun Prince o Proushie an haed issue
The marriage wis dissolved in 1769
- Friederike (8 Aprile 1748- 22 Januar 1758)
- Princess Auguste Dorothea, Abbess o Gandersheim (2 October 1749 - 10 Mairch 1810)
- Maximilian Julius Leopold (11 October 1752 - 24 Aprile 1785)
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Harm Klueting, Wolfgang Schmale: Das Reich und seine Territorialstaaten im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert. LIT Verlag, Berlin-Hamburg-Münster 2004, S. 60.
- Fraser, Flora: The Unruly Queen: The Life of Queen Caroline
- Friedrich Cramer: Zur geschichte Friedrich Wilhelms I. und Friedrichs II., Könige von Preussen. Schreck, 1835, S. 77.
- Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Horst Gronemeyer, Helmut Riege, Rainer Schmidt: Hamburger Klopstock-Ausgabe. Walter de Gruyter, 1988, S. 258.
- none, Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotta (1927) [1797-1799]. af Klercker, Cecilia (ed.). Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VI 1797-1799. Translatit bi Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. pp. 219–220. OCLC 14111333.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link) (search for all versions on WorldCat)
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Media relatit tae Princess Philippine Charlotte o Proushie at Wikimedia Commons