Princess Marie o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877)

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Princess Marie
Princess Karl o Proushie
Marie von Sachsen-Weimar2.jpg
Painting by Julius Schoppe in 1838
Born3 Februar 1808(1808-02-03)
Weimar, Duchy o Saxe-Weimar
Dee'd18 Januar 1877(1877-01-18) (aged 68)
Berlin, Proushie, German Empire
SpousePrince Karl o Proushie
IssuePrince Friedrich Karl
Louise, Landgravine o Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Anna, Landgravine o Hesse
Full name
Marie Luise Alexandrina
HooseSaxe-Weimar-Eisenach
FaitherKarl Friedrich, Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
MitherGrand Duchess Maria Pavlovna o Roushie
ReleegionLutheran Christian

Princess Marie o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (3 Februar 1808 – 18 Januar 1877) wis a princess o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, bi birth, and, by marriage, a princess o Proushie. She was the dochter o Charles Frederick, Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach an Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna o Roushie.

Youth[eedit | eedit soorce]

Princess Marie wis the auldest dochter o Prince, an later Grand Duke, Charles Frederick o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach an his wife, Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna, wha wis the sister o Emperor Alexander I o Roushie. Her faither wis a shy man, whose favourite reading material were fairy tales until the end of his life. Her mither, bi contrast, was "one of the maist significant women of her time", according tae Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Marie an her younger sister Augusta, who became German Empress, received a comprehensive education, which focused on the coortly ceremonial duties they were tae have as adults. This education included painting lessons bi the coort painter Louise Seidler and music lessons bi the coort conductor Johann Nepomuk Hummel.

Marie grew up at the coort in Weimar, which wis considered ane o the maist liberal in Germany. Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach adopted a constitution in 1816. The coort wis very receptive towards literature an other airt forms, due tae the influence o the late Duchess Anna Amalia, who haed died in 1807. Goethe had been managing the coort theater in Weimar until 1817 an remained a welcome guest at the ducal coort afterwards.

Marie's grandfaither, Duke Karl August wis raised tae Grand Duke in 1815, due tae the influence o the Tsar an his own attitude at the Congress o Vienna. This allowed Marie to uise the style Ryal Highness. Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach also achieved a considerable territorial expansion during the Congress o Vienna.

Marriage[eedit | eedit soorce]

Negotiating a mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]

Marie was 16 year auld when she first met her future husband, Prince Karl o Proushie, in Frankfurt an der Oder in 1824. He was the third son o Keeng Frederick William III o Proushie an Louise o Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna and her twa dochters were travelling tae Roushie an haed arranged to meet her brither, Grand Duke, and later Tsar, Nicholas, and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna in Frankfurt. When they arrived in Frankfurt, they were welcomed bi Prince Karl an his brither William I.

Keeng Friedrich Wilhelm III wis in favour o Karl mairying Marie an immediately contacted the coorts in Saint Petersburg an Weimar to negotiate a marriage arrangement. At the time, Maria Feodorovna, the mither of the Tsar, wis still the authority in faimily matters. Neither she, nor Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna, gave the response that Friedrich Wilhelm III had hoped for. Both courts were hoping that Marie could mairy an heir tae the throne, albeit a throne o a smaller country. The third son o a keeng wis not quite what they haed in mind.

The Roushie proposed that Marie could mairy William and his younger brither Charles would marry her younger sister Augusta. This would be a better fit in terms o age an would certainly satisfy the coort in Weimar, an William liked Marie mair nor he did Augusta. Friedrich Wilhelm III, however, saw nothing in this proposal, which completely ignored the feelings o his sons.

Things were further complicated bi William's being in luv with Princess Elisa Radziwill. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna tried to defame Ms. Radziwiłł with every means available. Outwardly, she did not want tae base her dochter's mairiage on the ruins ofWilliam's happiness. She hoped that William would mairy Elisa morganatically, not have a legitimate heir, an the Prussian throne would be inherited bi the heirs o Karl an Marie. So she would not actually have been very happy if William were tae break off his relationship with Elisa an mairy a leddy o his own rank an have legitimate heirs. An ally in her quest tae paint Elisa as lower nobility wis Grand Duke Georg o Mecklenburg-Strelitz, brither o Karl an William's late mither Queen Louise.

Negotiations haed already lasted mair nor twa years when Maria Feodorovna managed tae persuade her dochter tae agree tae a mairiage atween Karl an Marie, without putting any conditions on William.

Twa mairiages[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 26 May 1827, Princess Marie mairit Prince Karl o Proushie in Charlottenburg (now part o Berlin). Their son, Frederich Karl, wis born 10 month later. Marie's sister Augusta and Karl's brither Wilhelm (William) gave in to dynastic pressure and married twa years later. Their mairiage, however, wis complex and privately happy one. William regarded his wife as an "outstanding personality", but also as less charming than her older sister; he wrote "the Princess is nice an clever, but she leaves me cold.". Augusta, on the other hand, did at first like her husband an wis full of hope for a happy mairiage. She wis aware o his unrequited luv o Elisa Radziwiłł, but she was able to replace her in ways.

Coort life[eedit | eedit soorce]

Marie's younger sister Augusta wis mairit tae the then Croun Prince Wilhelm, German Croun Prince an Croun Prince o Proushie. Marie consequently haed lower status, being married to a mere Prince.She an her husband always resented their inferior position at coort. While Karl took out his frustrations on womanising and political schemes, Marie vied with Augusta over clothes, wigs, an jewels. Karl an Marie ran a fashionable household, surrounding themselves with high society, unlike the sober Wilhelm an intellectual Augusta.

Life in Berlin an Glienicke[eedit | eedit soorce]

The garden courtyard in Glienicke, painting bi August C. Haun efter Wilhelm Schirmer, 1837

From 1829, the young faimily lived in their winter residence Prince Karl's Pailace at Wilhelmplatz No. 8-9 in Berlin, which had been rebuilt according tae a design bi Karl Friedrich Schinkel.

In 1824, Prince Charles haed purchased a kintra hoose in today's Volkspark Glienicke. Atween 1824 and 1826, it wis rebuilt bi Karl Friedrich Schinkel and became Glienicke Palace. This was Charles' an Marie's favourite residence. They added a casino, an the Kleine Neugierde, which wis decorated with antique mosaics frae Carthage. In 1835, the rotunda Große Neugierde was added an, in the following years, the park wis extended.

In 1859, Karl purchased Jagdschloss Glienicke for his son Friedrich Karl.