Princess Marie o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877)

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Princess Marie
Princess Karl o Proushie
Marie von Sachsen-Weimar2.jpg
Painting by Julius Schoppe in 1838
Born3 Februar 1808(1808-02-03)
Weimar, Duchy o Saxe-Weimar
Dee'd18 Januar 1877(1877-01-18) (aged 68)
Berlin, Proushie, German Empire
SpousePrince Karl o Proushie
IssuePrince Friedrich Karl
Louise, Landgravine o Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Anna, Landgravine o Hesse
Full name
Marie Luise Alexandrina
FaitherKarl Friedrich, Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
MitherGrand Duchess Maria Pavlovna o Roushie
ReleegionLutheran Christian

Princess Marie o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (3 Februar 1808 – 18 Januar 1877) wis a princess o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, bi birth, and, by marriage, a princess o Proushie. She was the dochter o Charles Frederick, Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach an Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna o Roushie.

Youth[eedit | eedit soorce]

Princess Marie wis the auldest dochter o Prince, an efter Grand Duke, Charles Frederick o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach an his guidwife, Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna, wha wis the sister o Emperor Alexander I o Roushie. Her faither wis a blate man, whase favourite reading material wis fairy tales until his life en. Her mither, bi contrast, wis "ane o the maist significant weemen o her time", accordin tae Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Marie an her younger sister Augusta, wha became German Empress, received a comprehensive eddicàtion, whilk focused on the coortly ceremonial duties they were tae hae as adults. This eddicàtion includit paintin lessons bi the coort painter Louise Seidler and muisic lessons bi the coort conductor Johann Nepomuk Hummel.

Marie grew up at the coort in Weimar, whilk wis consìdered ane o the maist liberal in Germany. Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach adoppit a constitution in 1816. The coort wis gey receptive taewart lìteratur an ither airt forms, due tae the influence o the late Duchess Anna Amalia, wha haed deed in 1807. Goethe haed been managin the coort theater in Weimar until 1817 an remeened a walcome guest at the ducal coort efterwart.

Marie's grandfaither, Duke Karl August wis raised tae Grand Duke in 1815, due tae the influence o the Tsar an his ain attitude at the Congress o Vienna. This alloued Marie to uise the style Ryal Highness. Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach forby achieved a considerable territorial expansion durin the Congress o Vienna.

Marriage[eedit | eedit soorce]

Negotiating a mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]

Marie wis 16 year auld whan she first met her futur guidman, Prince Karl o Proushie, in Frankfurt an der Oder in 1824. He wis Keeng Frederick William III o Proushie an Louise o Mecklenburg-Strelitz's third son. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna and her twa dochters wis travellin tae Roushie an haed arranged tae meet her brither, Grand Duke, and later Tsar, Nicholas, and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna in Frankfurt. When they arrived in Frankfurt, they were welcomed bi Prince Karl an his brither William I.

Keeng Friedrich Wilhelm III wis in favour o Karl mairying Marie an immediately contackit the coorts in Saint Petersburg an Weimar to negotiate a marriage arrangement. At the time, Maria Feodorovna, the Tsar's mither, wis still the authority in faimily matters. Neither she, nor Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna, gied the respone that Friedrich Wilhelm III had howpit for. Baith courts wis howpin that Marie cud mairy an heir tae the throne, albeit a throne o a smaller country. The third son o a keeng wisnae quite whit they haed in mind.

The Roushie proponed that Marie could mairy William and his younger brither Charles wad mairry her younger sister Augusta. This wad be a better fit in terms o age an wad certainly satisfy the coort in Weimar, an William liked Marie mair nor he did Augusta. Friedrich Wilhelm III, housomever, saw naethin in this proposal, whilk completely ignored his sons' feelins.

Things wis further complicated bi William's bein in luve wi Princess Elisa Radziwill. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna tried tae defame Ms. Radziwiłł wi ilka means available. Outwardly, she didnae want tae base her dochter's mairiage on the ruins o William's happiness. She howit that William wad mairy Elisa morganatically, no hae a legitimate heir, an the Prussian throne wad be inherited bi the heirs o Karl an Marie. So she would not actually have been very happy if William were tae break off his relationship with Elisa an mairy a leddy o his own rank an have legitimate heirs. An ally in her quest tae paint Elisa as lower nobility wis Grand Duke Georg o Mecklenburg-Strelitz, brither o Karl an William's late mither Queen Louise.

Negotiations haed awready lasted mair nor twa year whan Maria Feodorovna managed tae persuade her dochter tae gree tae a mairiage atween Karl an Marie, thoot pittin ony conditions on William.

Twa mairiages[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 26 May 1827, Princess Marie mairit Prince Karl o Proushie in Charlottenburg (now part o Berlin). Their son, Frederich Karl, wis born 10 month later. Marie's sister Augusta and Karl's brither Wilhelm (William) gave in to dynastic pressure and married twa years later. Their mairiage, housomever, wis complex and privately happy ane. William regardit his guidwife as an "outstanding personality", but forby as less charmin than her older sister; he writ "the Princess is nice an clever, but she leaves me cauld.". Augusta, on the ither haund, did at first like her guidman an wis fou o howp for a happy mairiage. She wis awaur o his unrequited luve o Elisa Radziwiłł, but she cud replace her in ways.

Coort life[eedit | eedit soorce]

Marie's younger sister Augusta wis mairit tae the then Croun Prince Wilhelm, German Croun Prince an Croun Prince o Proushie. Marie consequently haed laicher status, bein mairried to a mere Prince. She an her guidman aye resentit their inferior position at coort. While Karl taen oot his frustrations on womanisin and political schemes, Marie vied wi Augusta ower claes, wigs, an jewels. Karl an Marie ran a fashionable household, surroundin thairsels wi heich society, wanlike the sober Wilhelm an intellectual Augusta.

Life in Berlin an Glienicke[eedit | eedit soorce]

The garden courtyard in Glienicke, painting bi August C. Haun efter Wilhelm Schirmer, 1837

From 1829, the young faimily lived in their winter residence Prince Karl's Pailace at Wilhelmplatz No. 8-9 in Berlin, which had been rebuilt according tae a design bi Karl Friedrich Schinkel.

In 1824, Prince Charles haed purchased a kintra hoose in thir day's Volkspark Glienicke. Atween 1824 and 1826, it wis rebuilt bi Karl Friedrich Schinkel and became Glienicke Palace. This wis Charles' an Marie's favourite residence. They added a casino, an the Kleine Neugierde, whilk wis decorate wi antique mosaics frae Carthage. In 1835, the rotunda Große Neugierde was added an, in the follaein years, the park wis stendit.

In 1859, Karl purchased Jagdschloss Glienicke for his son Friedrich Karl.