Predicate (grammar)

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Thare are twa competin notions o the predicate in theories o grammar:[1]

The first concerns tradeetional grammar, that tends tae view a predicate as ane o twa main pairts o a sentence, the ither part bein the subject; the purpose o the predicate is tae complete an idea aboot the subject, sic as whit it daes or whit it is lik.

The seicont notion wis derived frae wark in predicate calculus (predicate logic, first order logic) an is prominent in modren theories o syntax an grammar. In this approach, the predicate o a sentence maistly corresponds tae the main verb an ony auxiliaries that accompany the main verb; whauras the arguments o that predicate (e.g. the subject an object noon phrases) are ootside the predicate.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. See Carnie (2007:51).

Soorces

  • Carnie, A. 2007. Syntax: A generative introduction, 2nd edition. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.