Polyvinyl chloride

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Polyvinyl chloride
Repeatin unit o PVC polymer chain.
Space-fillin model o a pairt o a PVC chain
Pure Polyvinyl Chloride powder.jpg
Names
IUPAC name
poly(1-chloroethene)[1]
Ither names
Polychloroethylene
Identifiers
Abbreviations PVC
ChEBI CHEBI:53243
ECHA InfoCard 100.120.191
KEGG C19508
MeSH Polyvinyl+Chloride
Properties
(C2H3Cl)n[2]
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references
Mechanical properties
Elangation at break 20–40%
Notch test 2–5 kJ/m2
Gless Transeetion Temperatur 82 °C[3]
Meltin pynt 100–260 °C[3]
Effective heat o combustion 17.95 MJ/kg
Speceefic heat (c) 0.9 kJ/(kg·K)
Watter absorption (ASTM) 0.04–0.4
Dielectric Breakdoun Voltage 40 MV/m

Polyvinyl chloride, mair correctly but unuisually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviatit PVC, is the third-maist widely produced seenthetic plastic polymer, efter polyethylene an polypropylene.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "poly(vinyl chloride) (CHEBI:53243)". CHEBI. Retrieved 12 Julie 2012. 
  2. "Substance Details CAS Registry Number: 9002-86-2". Commonchemistry. CAS. Retrieved 12 Julie 2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wilkes, Charles E.; Summers, James W.; Daniels, Charles Anthony; Berard, Mark T. (2005). PVC Handbook. Hanser Verlag. p. 414. ISBN 978-1-56990-379-7. 
  4. M. W. Allsopp, G. Vianello, "Poly(Vinyl Chloride)" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2012, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a21_717.