Pico do Fogo

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Pico do Fogo
Cape Verde Pico do Fogo b.jpg
Heichest pynt
Elevation2,829 m (9,281 ft) [1][2]
Prominence2,829 m (9,281 ft) 
Ranked 120th
Isolation1,674 kilometres (1,040 mi)
LeetinKintra heich pynt
Leet o moontains in Cape Verde
Coordinates14°57′00″N 24°20′30″W / 14.95000°N 24.34167°W / 14.95000; -24.34167Coordinates: 14°57′00″N 24°20′30″W / 14.95000°N 24.34167°W / 14.95000; -24.34167[1]
Pico do Fogo is locatit in Cape Verde
Pico do Fogo
Pico do Fogo
Muntain teepStratovolcano
Last eruptionNovember 2014 tae Februar 2015

Pico do Fogo pronounced: [ˈpiku du ˈfoɡu] is the highest peak of Cape Verde an Wast Africa, risin tae 2,829 metres (9,281 ft) abuin sea level.[2] It is an active stratovolcano lyin on the island o Fogo. The main cone last eruptit in 1680, causin mass emigration frae the island.[3] A subsidiary vent eruptit in 1995. The anelie deadly eruption wis in 1847 when yirdquauks killed seiveral fowk.

Fogo is a hotspot volcanic island. Its maist recent eruptions hae occurrit in 1951, 1995 an 2014. It is the youngest an maist active volcano in the Cape Verde Islands, a short chain o volcanic islands that generally are younger at the wastren end, formed as the African Plate muived towards the east ower the hotspot.[4]

Fogo conseest o a single volcano, so the island is nearly roond an abooot 25 kilometers (16 mi) in diameter. The lairge summit caldera (aboot 10 kilometers in the north-south direction an 7 kilometers in the east-wast direction) is nae locatit in the center o the island, but rather towards its northeastren corner. The caldera is boondit bi steep near-vertical fault scarps on the north, wast, an sooth sides but is breached tae the east wur lava can flow tae the coast. North-northeast-trending eruptive fissures opened alang the wastren flank o Pico, which formed inside the caldera atween aboot 1500 an 1760.[4] The last eruption frae the top wis in 1769. The current topography o Fogo, wi the caldera open tae the sea on the east side, results frae the slidin o the east flank o the volcano towards the ocean.[4]

The moontain's slopes are uised tae grow coffee, while its lava is uised as biggin material. Near its peak is a caldera an a smaw veelage, Chã das Caldeiras, is inside this caldera. The crater rim, which reaches 2,700 m elevation, is kent as Bordeira

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Fogo". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Cabo Verde, Statistical Yearbook 2015, Instituto Nacional de Estatística, p. 25
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named jenkins
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named hvo_1995

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