Philae (spacecraft)

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Philae over a comet (crop).jpg
Illustration o Philae approachin the comet
Mission teepComet launder
OperatorEuropean Space Agency
Mission duration1–6 weeks (planned)
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass100 kg (220 lb)[1]
Peylaid mass21 kg (46 lb)[1]
Dimensions1 × 1 × 0.8 m (3.3 × 3.3 × 2.6 ft)[1]
Pouer32 watts at 3 AU[2]
Stairt o mission
Launch date2 March 2004, 07:17 (2004-03-02UTC07:17Z) UTC
RocketAriane 5G+ V-158
Launch steidKourou ELA-3
67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko lander
Laundin date12 November 2014
15:35 UTC
APX Alpha: Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
ÇIVA: Comet nucleus Infrared an Veesible Analyzer
CONSERT COmet Nucleus Soondin Experiment bi Radiowave Transmission
COSAC: COmetary SAmpling an Composeetion
MUPUS: Multi-Purpose Sensors for Surface an Subsurface Science
PTOLEMY: gas chromatograph an medium resolution mass spectrometer
ROLIS: ROsetta Lander Imagin Seestem
ROMAP: ROsetta lander MAgnetometer an Plasma monitor
SD2: Sample an Distribution Device
SESAME: Surface Electric Soondin an Acoustic Monitorin Experiment

Philae (/ˈfli/[3] or /ˈfl/)[4] is a robotic European Space Agency launder that accompanied the Rosetta spacecraft[5] till its designatit laundin on Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko (67P), mair nor ten years efter departin Yird.[6][7][8] On 12 November 2014, the launder achieved the first-ever controlled touchdoun on a comet nucleus.[9][10] Its instruments obtained the first images frae a comet's surface an are expectit tae mak the first in situ analysis tae determine its composeetion.[11] Philae is tracked an operatit frae the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) at Darmstadt, Germany.[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "PHILAE". National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  2. "Philae lander fact sheet" (PDF). DLR. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  3. Philae. Unabridged. Random House, Inc. (accessed 13 November 2014).
  4. Ellis, Ralph (12 November 2014). "Space probe scores a 310-million-mile bull's-eye with comet landing" (pronunciation used in video). CNN. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  5. Chang, Kenneth (5 August 2014). "Rosetta Spacecraft Set for Unprecedented Close Study of a Comet". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  6. Ulamec, S.; Espinasse, S.; Feuerbacher, B.; Hilchenbach, M.; Moura, D.; et al. (April 2006). "Rosetta Lander—Philae: Implications of an alternative mission". Acta Astronautica. 58 (8): 435–441. Bibcode:2006AcAau..58..435U. doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2005.12.009.
  7. Biele, Jens (2002). "The Experiments Onboard the ROSETTA Lander". Earth, Moon, and Planets. 90 (1–4): 445–458. Bibcode:2002EM&P...90..445B. doi:10.1023/A:1021523227314.
  8. Agle, D. C.; Cook, Jia-Rui; Brown, Dwayne; Bauer, Markus (17 January 2014). "Rosetta: To Chase a Comet". NASA. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  9. Agle, DC; Webster, Guy; Brown, Dwayne; Bauer, Markus (12 November 2014). "Rosetta's 'Philae' Makes Historic First Landing on a Comet". NASA. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  10. Chang, Kenneth (12 November 2014). "European Space Agency's Spacecraft Lands on Comet's Surface". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  11. "Europe's Comet Chaser – Historic mission". European Space Agency. 16 January 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  12. ESOC at ESA website, retrieved 13 November 2014.