Parthian Empire

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Parthian Empire

247 BC–224 AD
The Parthian Empire at its greatest extent
The Parthian Empire at its greatest extent
CaipitalCtesiphon,[1] Ecbatana, Hecatompylos, Susa, Mithradatkirt, Asaak
Common leidsParthian, Persie, Aramaic (lingua franca),[2][3] Akkadian,[1] Greek (official)[3]
Babylonian releegion[4]
GovrenmentFeudal monarchy[5]
• 247–211 BC
Arsaces I (first)
• 208–224 AD
Artabanus V (last)
Historical eraClessical antiquity
• Established
247 BC
• Disestablished
224 AD
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Seleucid Empire
Sasanian Empire
Kushan Empire
The day pairt o Afghanistan
 Saudi Arabie
 Unitit Arab Emirates

The Parthian Empire (/ˈpɑːrθiən/; 247 BC – 224 AD), an aa kent as the Arsacid Empire /ˈɑːrsəsɪd/,[6] wis a major Iranian poleetical an cultural pouer in auncient Iran.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Fattah, Hala Mundhir (2009). A Brief History Of Iraq. Infobase Publishing. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-8160-5767-2. One characteristic of the Parthians that the kings themselves maintained was their nomadic urge. The kings built or occupied numerous cities as their capitals, the most important being Ctesiphon on the Tigris River, which they built from the ancient town of Opis.
  2. Chyet, Michael L. (1997). Afsaruddin, Asma; Krotkoff, Georg; Zahniser, A. H. Mathias (eds.). Humanism, Culture, and Language in the Near East: Studies in Honor of Georg Krotkoff. Eisenbrauns. p. 284. ISBN 978-1-57506-020-0. In the Middle Persian period (Parthian and Sassanid Empires), Aramaic wis the medium o everyday writin, an it providit scripts for writin Middle Persie, Parthian, Sogdian, an Khwarezmian.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Green 1992, p. 45
  4. Brosius, Maria (2006). The Persians. Routledge. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-203-06815-1. The Parthians and the peoples of the Parthian empire were polytheistic. Each ethnic group, each city, and each land or kingdom was able to adhere to its own gods, their respective cults and religious rituals. In Babylon the city-god Marduk continued to be the main deity alongside the goddesses Ishtar and Nanai, while Hatra's main god, the sun-god Shamash, was revered alongside a multiplicity of other gods.
  5. Sheldon 2010, p. 231
  6. Frae Auncient Greek Ἀρσάκης Arsakēs, frae Parthian 𐭀𐭓𐭔𐭊 Aršak.
  7. Waters 1974, p. 424.

Coordinates: 33°05′37″N 44°34′51″E / 33.09361°N 44.58083°E / 33.09361; 44.58083