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Panaji, Goa, India, Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church at night.jpg
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Coordinates: 15°29′56″N 73°49′40″E / 15.49889°N 73.82778°E / 15.49889; 73.82778
DestrictNorth Goa
 • MayorSurendra Furtado
 • Deputy mayorBento Lorena
 • Total36 km2 (14 sq mi)
7 m (23 ft)
 • Total114,405
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
403 00x
Telephone code0832
Vehicle registrationGA-07

Panaji /ˈpʌnə/ (Konkani: पणजी Panaje, pronoonced [pɔɳɟĩ], [pɵɳɟiː] ( listen), Portuguese: Pangim, uisually kent in Inglis as Panjim) is the caipital o the Indie state of Goa an the heidquairters o North Goa destrict. It lees on the banks o the Mandovi River estuar in Tiswadi taluka. Wi a population o 114,405 in the metropolitan aurie, Panaji is Goa's seicont lairgest ceety, aheid o Margao an Vasco da Gama.

Panaji means “land that niver floods”. It haes terracit hills, concrete biggins wi balconies an reid-tiled roofs, kirks, an a riverside promenade. Thare are avenues lined wi gulmohar, acacia an ither trees. The Baroque Oor Lady o the Immaculate Conception Kirk is locatit owerleukin the main square kent as Praça da Igreja. Pretty villas, cobbled streets an interestin biggins gie Panaji a Portuguese ambience.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wird Panaji is derivit frae the wirds panjani an khali, which mean a boat an a smaw creek respectively, in Sanskrit. Sicweys the modren wird Panaji is a corrupt form o the auld wird Panjakhali as inscribit on the copper-plates foond, belangin tae the rule o Kadamba keeng Tribhuvanamalla.[1]

The offeecial name is Panaji. The Portuguese name wis Pangim. The ceety is cried Panjim in Inglis. It haes been spelt Panaji syne the 1960s. The ceety is cried ponnjé in Konkani.

Earlier a smaw veelage on the river front, in 1843 the ceety haed been renamit Nova Goa (Portuguese for New Goa) when it offeecially replacit the ceety o Goa (nou Auld Goa) as the admeenistrative seat o Portuguese Indie, tho the Viceroy haed already moved thare in 1759.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Panaji is locatit at 15°29′56″N 73°49′40″E / 15.49889°N 73.82778°E / 15.49889; 73.82778.[2] It haes a average elevation o 7 metres (23 feet). Panaji haes various vāde or sub-diveesions, some o which are São Tomé, Fontainhas, Mala, Portais, Altinho, Cortin, Praça da Igreja, Tar (near the ferry wharf), Bāzār, Japão (near Don Bosco), an Boca de Vaca. Some auries ootlyin it are Cāmpāl, Santa Inez, Chinchollem, Batulem, an Pātto. Besides lyin on the banks o the Mandovi River, Panaji is boondit bi twa creeks, locally cried pői in the singular, namely Ourém an Santa Inêz.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Panaji wis annexed bi Indie wi the rest o Goa an the umwhile Portuguese territories in the invasion of 1961. Panaji became a state-caipital on Goa's elevation tae stateheid in 1987. Atween 1961 an 1987, it wis the caipital o the Union Territory o Goa, Daman an Diu. A new Legislative Assembly complex wis inauguratit in Mairch 2000, athort the Mandovi River, in Alto Porvorim. Panaji is the admeenistrative heidquairters o North Goa destrict an aw.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o the 2011 census o Indie,[3] Panjim haed a population o 114,405. Males constitutit 52% o the population an females 48%. It haed a average leeteracy rate o 90.9%; male leeteracy wis 94.6%, an female leeteracy 86.9%. In Panjim, 9.6% o the population wis unner 7 years o age.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Panaji featurs a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate clessification Am). The climate in Panaji is het in simmer an equable in winter. Durin simmers (frae Mairch tae Mey) the temperatur reaches up tae 32 °C an in winters (frae Dizember tae Februar) it is uisually atween 31 °C an 23 °C.

The monsoon period is frae Juin tae September wi hivy rainfaw an gusty winds. The annual average rainfaw is 2,932 mm (115.43 in).

Climate data for Panaji
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 42.0
Average heich °C (°F) 31.6
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.0
Average law °C (°F) 19.6
Record law °C (°F) 10.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.2
Average rainy days 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.6 3.8 24.0 28.2 27.2 14.9 6.6 3.5 0.3 109.3
Average relative humidity (%) 67 69 71 71 71 85 88 89 86 80 70 64 76
Mean monthly sunshine oors 311.8 290.2 291.0 289.0 296.5 125.1 105.7 122.1 177.1 247.7 272.6 299.3 2,828.1
Source #1:[4]
Source #2: NOAA (1971-1990) [5]

Landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oor Lady o the Immaculate Conception Kirk

The hert o the ceety is the Praça da Igreja (Kirk Square) or Municipal Garden wi the Portuguese Baroque Oor Lady o the Immaculate Conception Kirk, oreeginally biggit in 1541. Ither tourist attractions include the auld and rebuilt Adilshahi Palace (or Idalçao Palace), datin frae the saxteent century, the Menezes Braganza Institute, the Mahalaxmi Temple, the Jama Masjid mosque, the Chapel o St. Sebastian an the Fontainhas aurie—which is considered tae be the auld Laitin Quairter—as well as the nearbi beach o Miramar. Hanuman Mandir at Malā on the hill tap (Altinho) an its annual zatrā in Februar are a major attraction o Panaji. Panaji hostit the relics o Saunt John Bosco (kent as Don Bosco an aw) till 21 August 2011 at the Don Bosco Oratory.

The Carnival celebrations in Februar include a colourful parade on the streets. This is follaeed bi the Shigmo/xigmo, or Holi. The Narkāsūr parade on the nicht afore Diwali in the ceety is vera colourful.

Well-kent places in Panaji are the 18th June Road (a busy thoroufare in the hert o the toun an a shoppin aurie for tourists an locals), Mala aurie, Miramar beach an the Kala Academy (a cultural centre kent for its structur biggit bi airchitect Charles Correa). Kala Academy is a place whaur Goa showcases its airt an cultur.

Ither attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is a bird sanctuar namit efter the ornithologist Dr Salim Ali. The sanctuar, locatit in the veelage o Chorão, near Panaji, plays host tae rare an endangered bird species—baith migratory an resident.

Goa is famous for its beaches, an Miramar, Bambolim, an Dona Paula are three popular beaches locatit near Panaji.

Dona Paula is the meetin pynt for twa o Goa’s famous rivers, Zuari and Mandovi. Thir twa rivers meet at the Arabian Sea. The offeecial residence o the Govrenor o Goa, kent as Cabo Raj Bhavan, is situated on the westernmost tip of Dona Paula.

Miramar Beach is ane o the mair croudit beaches in Goa, which remains full wi local an internaitional tourists throuoot the year.

An aw locatit near Panaji, is the Goa Science Centre which wis opened tae the public in Dizember 2001.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

The renovatit biggin o Goa Medical College

Some educational institutes in Panaji are:

  • V. M. Salgaocar College of Law, Miramar Archived 2013-01-22 at the Wayback Machine
  • The Progress High School
  • Goa Medical College, Bambolim[6]
  • Santa Cruz High School, Santa Cruz
  • Don Bosco High School
  • Goa Institute of Management
  • Dempo College of Commerce and Economics, Altinho
  • Dhempe College of Airts and Sciences, Miramar
  • Sharada Mandir, Miramar
  • Mary Immaculate Girls High School, São Tomé/Fontainhas
  • Fowks High School, Mala
  • Mushtifund Saunstha
  • Goa College of Pharmacy
  • Goa Polytechnic Panaji
  • Goa College of Fine Airts
  • Dr. Hedgewar High School
  • The Rosary High School, Miramar
  • Our lady of Rosary (Green Rosary), Dona Paula[7]
  • Taleigao Chess Academy

Besides this, the anlery univarsity in Goa, the Goa Varsity, is situatit at Taleigao on the ootskirts o Panaji.[8]

Research centres[eedit | eedit soorce]

The National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) is situatit at Dona Paula, on the ootskirts o Panaji ceety. It daes research in fields relatit tae marine sciences.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Panaji Circle unner the Mandovi brig links Panaji ceety tae the road goin tae Ponda, Ribandar an Marcela

The nearest airport is Dabolim Airport which is 30 kilometre (19 mile) awa.[9]

Govrenment offices[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Goan govrenment, as well as the Indie govrenment, haes its major offices in Goa.

The Goa Legislative Assembly is situatit at Alto Porvorim, aboot 2 km (1.2 mi) frae Panaji. The hillock cried Altinho hooses some major central govrenment offices an the residences o prominent offeecials an politeecians.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Member o Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Panaji is Manohar Parrikar o the Bharatiya Janata Pairty, who is the incumbent Chief Meenister o the state an aw.[10]

The C.C.P. (Corporation of the City of Panaji)[11] admeenisters the ceety an its mayor is Surendra Furtado.[12] The Govrenor o Goa stays at the Cabo Raj Bhavan at Dona Paula, aboot 8 km (5 mi) frae Panaji.[13] The incumbent Govrenor is Bharat Vir Wanchoo.[14]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Panaji is twinned wi:

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Title: Gazetteer of the Union Territory Goa, Daman and Diu: district gazetteer, Volume 1; Publisher: Gazetteer Dept., Govt. of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu, 1979 (Original from the University of Michigan, Digitised: 30 Aug 2008)
  2. "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Panaji". Retrieved 9 Mey 2012.
  3. "Provisional Population Totals Paper 2, Volume 2 of 2011: Goa State Tables" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 9 Julie 2013.
  4. "Historical Weather for Delhi, India". Weather Underground. Archived frae the original on 6 Januar 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  5. "Goa (Panjim) Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Airports Authority of India". 21 September 2011. Archived frae the original on 21 Apryle 2012. Retrieved 9 Mey 2012.
  10. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 21 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 18 Februar 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 6 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 26 Mey 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 18 Julie 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa". Camara Municipal de Lisboa (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 August 2013. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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