Pakistan Airmed Forces

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Pakistan Airmed Forces
پاک مسلح افواج
Foondit 1947
Service branches Banner o the Pakistan Airmy Pakistan Airmy
Naval Jack o Pakistan Pakistan Navy
Ensign o the Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Air Force
Heidquarters Jynt Staff Headquarters, Rawalpindi
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief Preses Mamnoon Hussain
Minister o Defence Khawaja Asif
Chairman Jynt Chiefs o Staff Committee General Zubair Mahmood Hayat
Pakistan Airmy
Manpower
Militar age 16–49 years auld
Conscription Nane
Active personnel 643,800 (ranked 6t)
Reserve personnel 513,000
Expenditures
Budget $8.7 billion (2017–18) (rankit 23rd)
Percent o GDP 2.9% (2017)
Industry
Domestic suppliers
Foreign suppliers
Annual imports
Annual exports
Relatit airticles
History
Ranks Awairds an decorations o the Pakistan Airmed Forces


The Pakistan Airmed Forces (Urdu: پاک مُسَلّح افواج‎, Musallah Afwaj-e-Pakistan) are the meelitary forces o Pakistan. Thay are the saxt lairgest in the warld in terms o active militar personnel an the lairgest amang Muslim kintras. The airmed forces compreese three main service brainches – Airmy, Navy, an Air Force – thegither wi a nummer o paramilitary forces an the Strategic Plans Division Force.[1] Cheen o command o the militar is organised unner the Chairman o Jynt Chiefs o Staff Committee (JCSC) alangside chiefs o staff o the airmy, navy, an air force.[1] Aw o the brainches wirk thegither in operations an jynt missions unner the Jynt Staff Headquarters (JS HQ).[1]

Syne the 1963 Sino-Pakistan Greement, the militar haes haed close militar relations wi Cheenae, wirkin jyntly tae develop the JF-17, the K-8, an ither wappens seestems. As o 2013, Cheenae wis the seicont-lairgest foreign supplier o militar equipment tae Pakistan.[2] Baith nations an aa cooperate on development o nuclear an space technology programmes.[3][4][5] Thair armies hae a schedule for organizing jynt military exercises.[6] The militar an aa maintains close relations wi the Unitit States, which gae Pakistan major non-NATO ally status in 2004. Pakistan gets the bulk o its militar equipment frae local domestic suppliers, Cheenae, an the United States.[2]

The airmed forces war formed in 1947 when Pakistan became independent frae the Breetish Empire.[7] Syne then, the armed forces hae played a decisive role in the modren history o Pakistan, fechtin major wars wi Indie in 1947, 1965 an 1971, an on several occasions seizing control o the ceevilian govrenment tae restore order in the kintra.[7] The need for mairch management led tae the creation o paramilitar forces tae deal wi ceevil unrest in the North-Wast an security o mairch auries in Punjab an Sindh bi paramilitary troops. In 2016, the militar haed approximately 617,000 personnel on active duty, wi 513,000 in the reserves, 402,000 in the paramilitary forces, an approximately 20,000 serving in the Strategic Plans Division Forces, giein a tot o awmaist 1,500,000 soldiers.[8] The airmed forces hae a lairge pool o volunteers sae conscription haes never been needed, tho the Pakistani constitution an supplementary legislation allou for conscription in a state o war.[9]

The Pakistan Armed Forces are the best-organized institution in Pakistan, an are heichly respected in ceevil society.[10] Syne the foondin o Pakistan, the militar haes played a key role in haudin the state thegither, promotin a feelin o naitionheid an providin a bastion o selless service.[11] In addition, the Pakistan Armed Forces are the lairgest contributors tae United Nations peacekeeping efforts, wi mair nor 10,000 personnel deployed overseas in 2007.[12] Ither foreign deployments hae consisted o Pakistani militar personnel servin as militar advisers in African an Arab kintras. The Pakistani military haes maintained combat divisions an brigade-strength presences in some o the Arab kintras during the Arab–Israeli Wars, aidit the Coalition forces in the first Gulf War, an teuk pairt in the Somalian an Bosnie conflicts.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Blood, Peter R. (1995). Pakistan. Washington D.C.: Diane Publishing Co. ISBN 0788136313. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Doyle, Rodger (1998). "Arms trade". Scientific American. Sipri. 279 (5): 29. Bibcode:1998SciAm.279a..29D. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0798-29. PMID 9796545.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  3. "News". UK: BBC. 17 June 2010. 
  4. "World". News. CBS. 16 October 2008. 
  5. "South Asia". Asia Times. 
  6. "Al-Khalid MBT-2000/Type 2000 Main Battle Tank". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Singh, R.S.N. (2008). The military factor in Pakistan. New Delhi: Frankfort, IL. ISBN 0981537898. 
  8. The Military Balance 2010, p. 367, International Institute for Strategic Studies (London, 2010).
  9. "Pakistan". UNHCR. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 January 2012. 
  10. https://web.archive.org/web/20100620131859/http://gmfus.org/publications/article.cfm?id=357
  11. Pakistan Army. Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 12 July 2013, Switched to backup 27 January 2017.
  12. "Monthly Summary of Contributors to UN Peacekeeping Operations" (PDF). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2007.  |first1= missin |last1= in Authors list (help)