Osteoarthritis

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Osteoarthritis
SynonymsDegenerative arthritis, degenerative jynt disease, osteoarthrosis
Heberden-Arthrose.JPG
The formation o haurd knabs at the middle finger jynts (kent as Bouchard's nodes) an at the faurthest awey finger jynt (kent as Heberden's node) are a common featur o osteoarthritis in the haunds.
SpecialtyRheumatology, orthopedics
SymptomsJynt pyne, stiffness, jynt swallin, decreased range o motion[1]
Uisual onsetOwer years[1]
CausesPrevious jynt injure, abnormal jynt or limm development, inheritit factors[1][2]
Risk factorsOwerwecht, legs o a different lenth, job wi heich levels o jynt stress[1][2]
Diagnostic methodBased on symptoms[1]
TreatmentExercise, efforts tae decrease jynt stress, support groups, pyne medications, jynt replacement[1][2][3]
Frequency237 million / 3.3% (2015)[4]

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a teep o jynt disease that results frae brakdoun o jynt cartilage an unnerleein bane.[5] The maist common symptoms are jynt pyne an stiffness.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Osteoarthritis". National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. April 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Glyn-Jones, S; Palmer, AJ; Agricola, R; Price, AJ; Vincent, TL; Weinans, H; Carr, AJ (3 March 2015). "Osteoarthritis". Lancet. 386 (9991): 376–87. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60802-3. PMID 25748615. 
  3. McAlindon TE, Bannuru RR, Sullivan MC, Arden NK, Berenbaum F, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, Hawker GA, Henrotin Y, Hunter DJ, Kawaguchi H, Kwoh K, Lohmander S, Rannou F, Roos EM, Underwood M (2014). "OARSI guidelines for the non-surgical management of knee osteoarthritis". Osteoarthr. Cartil. 22 (3): 363–88. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2014.01.003. PMID 24462672. 
  4. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577Freely accessible. PMID 27733282. 
  5. Atlas of Osteoarthritis. Springer. 2015. p. 21. ISBN 9781910315163. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-09-08.