Opium

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Opium
Opium pod cut to demonstrate fluid extraction1.jpg
Opium poppy seed pod exudin latex frae a cut
Product nameOpium
Soorce plant(s)Papaver somniferum
Pairt(s) o plantLatex
Geographic oreeginUncertain, possibly Soothren Europe[1]
Active ingredients
Main producers
Main consumersWarldwide (#1: Europe)[2]
Wholesale priceUS$3,000 per kilogram (as o 2002)[3]
Retail priceUS$16,000 per kilogram (as o 2002)[3]
Legal status

Opium (poppy tears, wi the scienteefic name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained frae the opium poppy (scienteefic name: Papaver somniferum).[4][5] Opium latex contains approximately 12 percent o the analgesic alkaloid morphine, which is processed chemically tae produce heroin an ither seenthetic opioids for medicinal uise an for the illegal drog trade. The latex an aa conteens the closely related opiates codeine an thebaine, an non-analgesic alkaloids such as papaverine an noscapine. The tradeetional, labour-intensive method o obtainin the latex is tae scratch ("score") the immatur seed pods (fruits) bi haund; the latex leaks oot an dries tae a sticky yellaeish residue that is later scraped off an dehydratit. The wird "meconium" (derived frae the Greek for "opium-lik", but nou uised tae refer tae infant stuils) historically referred tae relatit, weaker preparations made frae ither pairts o the opium poppy or different species o poppies.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Professor Arthur C. Gibson. "The Pernicious Opium Poppy". University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  2. "The Global Heroin Market" (PDF). October 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mark Corcoran. "Afghanistan: America's blind eye". Retrieved May 11, 2007. 
  4. "Define Opium at Dictionary.com". dictionary.reference.com/. Reference.com. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  5. "Opium definition". Drugs.com. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  6. Simon O'Dochartaigh. "HON Mother & Child Glossary, Meconium". hon.ch. Retrieved April 4, 2016.