Opisthokont

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Opisthokont
Temporal range: 1010–0Ma[1]
Opisthokonta collage.jpg
Clockwise, frae top left: Abeoforma whisleri (Ichthyosporea); Amanita muscaria (Fungi); Desmarella moniliformis (Choanoflagellatea); Bonnet Macaque (Metazoa); Nuclearia thermophila (Nucleariida); Ministeria vibrans (Filozoa)
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Unikonta
(unranked): Obazoa
(unranked): Opisthokonta
Copeland 1956,[2] emend. Cavalier-Smith 1987,[3] emend. Adl et al., 2005[4]
Subgroups

The opisthokonts (Greek: ὀπίσθιος (opísthios) = "rear, posterior" + κοντός (kontós) = "pole" i.e. "flagellum") are a broad group o eukaryotes, includin baith the ainimal an fungus kingdoms,[5] thegither wi the eukaryotic microorganisms that are whiles grouped in the paraphyletic phylum Choanozoa (conventionally assigned tae the protist 'kinrick').[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Loron, Corentin C.; François, Camille; Rainbird, Robert H.; Turner, Elizabeth C.; Borensztajn, Stephen; Javaux, Emmanuelle J. (May 22, 2019). "Early fungi from the Proterozoic era in Arctic Canada". Nature. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1217-0. 
  2. Copeland, H. F. (1956). The Classification of Lower Organisms. Palo Alto: Pacific Books.
  3. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1987). "The origin of fungi and pseudofungi". In Rayner, Alan D. M. Evolutionary biology of Fungi. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. pp. 339–353. ISBN 0-521-33050-5. 
  4. Adl, S.M.; et al. (September–October 2005). "The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists". Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. 52: 399–451. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2005.00053.x. PMID 16248873. 
  5. Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Minge MA, Espelund M.; et al. (2008). Aramayo, Rodolfo, ed. "Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals". PLoS ONE. 3 (5): e2098. Bibcode:2008PLoSO...3.2098S. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. PMC 2346548Freely accessible. PMID 18461162. 
  6. Steenkamp ET, Wright J, Baldauf SL (2006). "The protistan origins of animals and fungi". Mol. Biol. Evol. 23 (1): 93–106. doi:10.1093/molbev/msj011. PMID 16151185.