Onchocerciasis

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Onchocerciasis
SynonymsRiver blindness, Robles disease
Onchocerca volvulus emerging from a black fly.jpg
An adult black fly wi the parasite Onchocerca volvulus comin oot o the insect's antenna, magnifee'd 100x
SpecialtyInfectious disease
SymptomsItchin, bumps unner the skin, blindness[1]
CausesOnchocerca volvulus spreid bi a black fly[1]
PreventionAvoidin bites (insect repellent, proper cleidin)[2]
MedicationIvermectin, doxycycline[3][4]
Frequency15.5 million (2015)[5]

Onchocerciasis, an aw kent as river blindness, is a disease caused bi infection wi the parasitic wirm Onchocerca volvulus.[1] Symptoms include severe itchin, bumps unner the skin, an blindness.[1] It is the seicont-maist common cause o blindness due tae infection, efter trachoma.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Onchocerciasis Fact sheet N°374". World Health Organization. March 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. "Onchocerciasis (also known as River Blindness) Prevention & Control". Parasites. CDC. May 21, 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. Murray, Patrick (2013). Medical microbiology (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders. p. 792. ISBN 9780323086929. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-09-08. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  4. Brunette, Gary W. (2011). CDC Health Information for International Travel 2012 : The Yellow Book. Oxford University Press. p. 258. ISBN 9780199830367. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-09-08. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577. PMID 27733282.
  6. "Onchocerciasis (also known as River Blindness)". Parasites. CDC. 21 May 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)