Onchocerciasis

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Onchocerciasis
Synonyms River blindness, Robles disease
Onchocerca volvulus emerging from a black fly.jpg
An adult black fly wi the parasite Onchocerca volvulus comin oot o the insect's antenna, magnifee'd 100x
Specialty Infectious disease
Symptoms Itchin, bumps unner the skin, blindness[1]
Causes Onchocerca volvulus spreid bi a black fly[1]
Prevention Avoidin bites (insect repellent, proper cleidin)[2]
Medication Ivermectin, doxycycline[3][4]
Frequency 15.5 million (2015)[5]

Onchocerciasis, an aw kent as river blindness, is a disease caused bi infection wi the parasitic wirm Onchocerca volvulus.[1] Symptoms include severe itchin, bumps unner the skin, an blindness.[1] It is the seicont-maist common cause o blindness due tae infection, efter trachoma.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Onchocerciasis Fact sheet N°374". World Health Organization. March 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  2. "Onchocerciasis (also known as River Blindness) Prevention & Control". Parasites. CDC. May 21, 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  3. Murray, Patrick (2013). Medical microbiology (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders. p. 792. ISBN 9780323086929. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-09-08. 
  4. Brunette, Gary W. (2011). CDC Health Information for International Travel 2012 : The Yellow Book. Oxford University Press. p. 258. ISBN 9780199830367. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-09-08. 
  5. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577Freely accessible. PMID 27733282. 
  6. "Onchocerciasis (also known as River Blindness)". Parasites. CDC. 21 May 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014.