Obsessive–compulsive disorder

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Obsessive–compulsive disorder
OCD handwash.jpg
Frequent, excessive hand washin occurs in some fowk wi OCD
SpecialtyPsychiatry
SymptomsFeel the need tae check things repeatitly, perform certain routines repeatitly, hae certain thochts repeatitly[1]
ComplicationsTics, anxeeity disorder, suicide[2][3]
Uisual onsetAfore 35 years[1][2]
CausesUnkent[1]
Risk factorsChild abuiss, stress[2]
Diagnostic methodBased on the symptoms[2]
Seemilar condeetionsAnxeeity disorder, major depressive disorder, eatin disorders, obsessive–compulsive personality disorder[2]
TreatmentCoonsellin, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants[4][5]
Frequency2.3%[6]

Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder whaur fowk feel the need tae check things repeatitly, perform certaint routines repeatitly (cried "rituals"), or hae certaint thochts repeatitly. Fowk are unable tae control aither the thochts or the acteevities for mair nor a short period o time.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) (January 2016). "What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?". U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Retrieved 24 July 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders : DSM-5 (5 ed.). Washington: American Psychiatric Publishing. 2013. pp. 237–242. ISBN 9780890425558. 
  3. Angelakis, I; Gooding, P; Tarrier, N; Panagioti, M (25 March 2015). "Suicidality in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD): A systematic review and meta-analysis". Clinical Psychology Review. 39: 1–15. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2015.03.002. PMID 25875222. 
  4. Grant JE (14 August 2014). "Clinical practice: Obsessive-compulsive disorder". The New England Journal of Medicine. 371 (7): 646–53. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp1402176. PMID 25119610. 
  5. Veale, D; Miles, S; Smallcombe, N; Ghezai, H; Goldacre, B; Hodsoll, J (29 November 2014). "Atypical antipsychotic augmentation in SSRI treatment refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis". BMC Psychiatry. 14: 317. doi:10.1186/s12888-014-0317-5. PMC 4262998Freely accessible. PMID 25432131. 
  6. Goodman, WK; Grice, DE; Lapidus, KA; Coffey, BJ (September 2014). "Obsessive-compulsive disorder". The Psychiatric clinics of North America. 37 (3): 257–67. doi:10.1016/j.psc.2014.06.004. PMID 25150561.