Novel coronavirus

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Novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a proveesional name gien tae coronaviruses o medical significance afore a permanent name is decidit upon. Awtho coronaviruses are endemic in humans an infections normally mild, such as the common caud (caused bi human coronaviruses in ~15% o cases), cross-species transmission haes producit some unusually virulent strains which can cause viral pneumonia an in serious cases even acute respiratory distress syndrome an daith.[1][2][3]

Species[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein viruses coud initially be referred tae as "novel coronavirus", afore bein formally namit:

Human pathogenic novel coronaviridae species
Offeecial name Ither names Oreeginal host[a] Place (date) o discovery Disease caused
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)[b][4][5] 2019-nCoV; SARS virus 2 bats Wuhan, Cheenae (2019) coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)[c][4][6]
Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (MERS-CoV)[d] Middle East virus; MERS virus; camel flu virus camels, bats Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (2012) Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)
Human coronavirus HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1) New Haven virus mice Hong Kong (2005) unnamed, extremely rare, uisually mild variant o coronavirus respiratory syndrome
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)[b] SARS virus civets, bats Foshan, China (2002) severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
  1. Host jump capability mey no persist
  2. a b This virus is not a distinct species, but rather a strain of the species SARSr-CoV
  3. Synonyms include 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia and Wuhan respiratory syndrome
  4. Strains include HCoV-EMC/2012 an London1 novel CoV/2012

Aw fower viruses are pairt o the Betacoronavirus genus athin the coronavirus faimily.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wird "novel" indicates a "new pathogen o previously kent teep" (i.e. kent faimily) o virus. Uise o the wird conforms tae best practices for namin new infectious diseases published bi the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015. Historically, pathogens hae sometimes been namit efter locations, individuals, or specific species.[7] Housomivver, this practice is nou explicitly discouragit bi the WHO.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Murray and Nadel (2010). Chapter 31.
  2. Cunha (2010). pp. 6–18.
  3. Melmed 2011, pp. 636
  4. a b "The 2019–2020 Novel Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) Pandemic: A Joint American College of Academic International Medicine‑World Academic Council of Emergency Medicine Multidisciplinary COVID‑19 Working Group Consensus Paper". ResearchGate. Retrieved 16 Mey 2020.
  5. "Coronavirus disease named Covid-19". BBC News..
  6. According to ICD-10 the disease is referred to as "2019-new coronavirus acute respiratory disease [temporary name]". It is not listed in ICD-11.
  7. Ghosh R, Das S. A Brief Review of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-Ncov) Outbreak. Global Journal for Research Analysis. 2020; 9 (2).
  8. World Health Organization Best Practices for the Naming of New Human Infectious Diseases. World Health Organization. May 2015.