Nitrous oxide

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Nitrous oxide
Nitrous oxide's canonical forms
Ball-and-stick model with bond lengths
Space-fillin model o nitrous oxide
Names
IUPAC name
Dinitrogen monoxide
Ither names
Lauchin gas, Sweet air, Protoxide o nitrogen, Hyponitrous oxide
Identifiers
Jmol-3D images Image
Beilstein Reference 8137358
ChEBI CHEBI:17045 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL1234579 N
ChemSpider 923 YesY
DrugBank DB06690 N
ECHA InfoCard 100.030.017
E nummer E942 (glazin agents, ...)
Gmelin Reference 2153410
KEGG D00102 YesY
RTECS nummer QX1350000
UNII K50XQU1029 YesY
UN nummer 1070 (compressed)
2201 (liquid)
Properties
N
2
O
Molar mass 44.013 g/mol
Appearance colourless gas
Density 1.977 g/L (gas)
Meltin pynt −90.86 °C (−131.55 °F; 182.29 K)
Bylin pynt −88.48 °C (−127.26 °F; 184.67 K)
1.5 g/L (15 °C)
Solubility soluble in alcohol, ether, sulfuric acid
log P 0.35
Vapour pressur 5150 kPa (20 °C)
Magnetic susceptibility −18.9·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD) 1.000516 (0 °C, 101,325 kPa)
Structur
Molecular shape linear, C∞v
Dipole moment 0.166 D
Thermochemistry
Staundart molar
entropy
So298
219.96 J K−1 mol−1
Std enthalpy o
formation
ΔfHo298
+82.05 kJ mol−1
Pharmacology
N01AX13 (WHO)
Pregnancy
category
Routes o
admeenistration
Inhalation
Pharmacokinetics:
0.004%
5 minutes
Respiratory
Hazards
Safety data sheet Ilo.org, ICSC 0067
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will nae burn. E.g., watter Health code 2: Intense or continued but nae chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even unner fire exposur condeetions, an is nae reactive wi watter. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazard OX: Oxidizer. E.g., potassium perchlorateNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash pynt Nonflammable
Relatit compoonds
Nitric oxide
Dinitrogen trioxide
Nitrogen dioxide
Dinitrogen tetroxide
Dinitrogen pentoxide
Relatit compoonds
Ammonium nitrate
Azide
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Nitrous oxide, commonly kent as lauchin gas or nitrous,[1] is a chemical compoond, an oxide o nitrogen wi the formula N
2
O
. At ruim temperatur, it is a colourless, odourless non-flammable gas, wi a slichtly sweet taste. At elevatit temperaturs, nitrous oxide is a pouerfu oxidiser seemilar tae molecular oxygen.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Tarendash, Albert S. (2001). Let's review: chemistry, the physical setting (3rd ed.). Barron's Educational Series. p. 44. ISBN 0-7641-1664-9.