Nitroglycerin

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Nitroglycerin
Skeletal formula o zwitterionic nitroglycerin
Spacefill model o nitroglycerin
Baw an stick model o nitroglycerin
Names
IUPAC name
1,2,3-Trinitroxypropane
Seestematic IUPAC name
2,3-Bis(nitrooxy)propyl nitrate
Ither names
1,3-Dinitrooxypropan-2-yl nitrate
Propane-1,2,3-triyl trinitrate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
1802063
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.219
EC Nummer 200-240-8
Gmelin Reference 165859
KEGG
MeSH Nitroglycerin
UNII
UN nummer 0143, 0144, 1204, 3064, 3319
Properties
C3H5N3O9
Molar mass 227.09 g·mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Density 1.6 g cm−3 (at 15 °C)
Meltin pynt 14 °C (57 °F; 287 K)
Bylin pynt 50 °C (122 °F; 323 K)
slichtly[1]
Solubility acetone, ether, benzene, alcohol[1]
log P 2.154
Structur
Tetragonal at C1, C2, an C3

Trigonal planar at N7, N8, an N9

Molecular shape Tetrahedral at C1, C2, an C3

Dihedral at N7, N8, and N9

Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy o
formation
ΔfHo298
−370 kJ mol−1
Std enthalpy o
combustion
ΔcHo298
−1.529 MJ mol−1
Pharmacology
Intravenous, Oral, Sublingual, Topical, Transdermal
Pharmacokinetics:
<1%
Hepatic
3 min
Legal status
  • AU: S3 (Pharmacist anly)
Explosive data
Shock sensitivity Heich
Friction sensitivity Heich
RE factor 1.50
Hazards
EU clessification Explosive E Very Toxic T+ Dangerous for the Environment (Naitur) N
R-phrases R3, R12, R26/27/28, R33, R51/53
S-phrases (S1/2), S33, S35, S36/37, S45, S53, S61
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids an solids that can be ignited unner awmaist ae ambient temperature condeetions. Flash pynt atween 23 an 38 °C (73 an 100 °F). E.g., gasoline)Health code 2: Intense or continued but nae chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroformReactivity code 4: Readily capable o detonation or explosive decomposeetion at normal temperaturs an pressurs. E.g., nitroglycerinSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
3
2
4
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Nitroglycerin (NG), kent an aa as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin, trinitroglycerine, or nitro, or mair correctly as glyceryl trinitrate, or mair formally as 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a hivy, colourless, ily, explosive liquid maist commonly produced bi treatin glycerol wi white fumin nitric acid unner condeetions appropriate tae the formation o the nitric acid ester.

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