Navy o the Islamic Revolutionary Gaird Corps

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The Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Gaird Corps (IRGC) or Revolutionary Gairds' Navy (Persie: نیروی دریایی سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی‎), acronym NEDSA (Persie: ندسا‎), conseests of 20,000 men and 1,500 boats and fest attack boats separate frae the regular Navy o Artesh assuming control ower Iranian maritime operations in the Persie Gulf.[1] IRGC’s Navy haes steadily impruived its capabeelities tae support unconventional warfare and defend Iran’s offshore faceelities, coastlines, and ilands in the Persie Gulf.[2][3]

Owerview[eedit | eedit soorce]

IRGC Navy and Artesh Navy owerlap functions and auries of responsibeelity, but thay are distinct in terms of how they are trained and equipped— and more importantly awso in hou thay fecht. The Revolutionary Gairds Navy haes a lairge inventory of smaw fest attack craft, and specialises in asymmetric hit-and-run tactics. It is mair akin tae a guerrilla force at sea, and maintains lairge arsenals of coastal defence and anti-ship cruise missiles and mines.[1][4]

Takavar member of Sepah Navy Special Force in Great Prophet IX maneuver, 25–27 February 2015

It haes awso a Takavar (special force) unit, called Sepah Navy Special Force (S.N.S.F.).

Equipment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Watercraft[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aircraft[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coastal Anti-Ship Missiles[eedit | eedit soorce]

Faceelities[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is believed that the IRGC's Navy haes faceelities on the follaein ilands:[7]

Histerie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Iran–Iraq War[eedit | eedit soorce]

IRGC speedboats swarming in the Persie Gulf during Iran-Iraq War

During the "Tanker War" phase of the Iran–Iraq War, beside the regular Iranian Navy, IRGC stairtit employing swarm tactics and surprise attacks using Boghammar speedboats fitted with rocket launchers, RPGs, and heavy machine guns. Attacks on Kuwaiti tankers, an Iraqi ally, eventually draggit the US Navy intae the Persie Gulf tae escort Kuwaiti tankers. As a response, IRGC orderit mining wast o Farsi Iland on the route of the very first caravan—the Kuwaiti supertanker SS Bridgeton escortit by fower US warships—which successfully hit the tanker itself.[8][9][10]

Breetish Royal Navy[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 21 Juin 2004, eight sailors and Ryal Marines were seized bi forces of the Revolutionary Gairds' Navy while training Iraqi river patrol personnel in the Persie Gulf.[11] On 23 Mairch 2007, fifteen sailors and Ryal Marines frae HMS Cornwall were seized by forces of the Revolutionary Gairds' Navy in the Persian Gulf.[12]

Unitit States Navy[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 7 January 2008, US offeecials claimed five Iranian speedboats 'harassed' Unitit States Navy vessels in the Persie Gulf. IRGC speedboats made threatening muives and in ane case even came within 180 meters of US warships. The US Navy awso claimit tae haeve receivit a radio transmission frae Iranian boats saying: "I am coming at you. You will explode in a couple of minutes". Efter this US ships were said tae haeve taken up thair gun poseetions and were ready tae open fire at one of the boats when the Iranians turned away and one of the Iranian speedboats (allegitly) droppit white boxes intae the watter in front of the U.S. ships, it wis nae clear what wis in the boxes.[13]

Iranian offeecials and militar commanders later downplayed the incidents as normal and denied haeving sent the radio transmission. Efter the US released a video showing Iranian speedboats swarming US ships in the Strait of Hormuz, Iran releasit its own video of the incident efter suggesting the US video was staged.[14]

On 12 January 2016,10 American sailors were apprehendit by IRGC offeecials off the coast of Farsi Iland, which doubles as a naval installation for the IRGC. American offeecials statit that the sailors were on a training mission when ane of thair boats experienced a mechanical failure. During this time the vessel driftit intae Iranian territorial watters spurring IRGC naval units tae respond and apprehend the sailors with both vessels. US Secretar o State John Kerry engagit in a phone call with Iranian offeecials tae defuse the situation. Iranian offeecials said that the sailors were in custody, but would be freed within hours, unnerstaundin that the incident wis a mistake.[15]

Maneuvers[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Michael Connell (March 12, 2013), Gulf III: Iran’s Power in the Sea Lanes, The Iran Primer, United States Institute of Peace, retrieved January 5, 2016
  2. Hossein Aryan (November 15, 2011), The Artesh: Iran’s Marginalized and Under-Armed Conventional Military, Middle East Institute, retrieved December 15, 2015
  3. "Iran navy heightens security in Gulf territorial waters". (in Inglis). Xinhua. 1 March 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  4. Haghshenass, Fariborz. "Iran's Asymmetric Naval Warfare" (PDF). washingtoninstitute. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
  5. Biggers, Chris (April 27, 2017). "Shahid Nazeri Deploys Near the Strait". bellingcat. Archived frae the oreeginal on April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017. Satellite imagery shows Iran’s high speed catamaran, Shahid Nazeri, at Bandar Abbas, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corp Navy (IRGCN) First Region naval base.
  6. "Iran unveils seaplane used for attacks, surveillance". ynet. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  7. John Pike. "Pasdaran - Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC)". Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  8. Crist, David (2013). The twilight war : the secret history of America's thirty-year conflict with Iran. New York: The Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1-101-57234-4.
  9. Hakimi, Erfan. "America's reputation explosion in the Persian Gulf". Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  10. Gibson, Bryan R (2010). Covert Relationship: American Foreign Policy, Intelligence, and the Iran-Iraq War, 1980–1988. Praeger. p. 202. ISBN 978-0313386107.
  11. "Timeline: UK-Iran relations". BBC News. 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2007-03-28.
  12. "UK sailors captured at gunpoint". BBC News. 23 March 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  13. Starr, Barbara (7 January 2008). "Iranian boats 'harass' U.S. Navy, officials say". (in Inglis). CNN. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  14. Fars News Pentagon Video on Iran-US Confrontation a Clumsy Fake 9 January 2008
  15. "Pentagon: 2 U.S. Navy Boats Held by Iran Military". NBC News (in Inglis).
  16. Lendon, Brad (27 February 2015). "Iran blasts mock U.S. carrier in war games". Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  17. Memri (1 March 2015). "IRGC Practices Destroying US Aircraft Carrier in Naval Maneuvers [VIDEO]".
  18. "IRGC Great Prophet 9 maneuver launched in Persian Gulf". Mehr News Agency. Retrieved 4 March 2015.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]