Navassa Island

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Navassa Island
Parts Lulu Toun
Location Caribbean Sea
Area 5.2 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population Uninhabitit
Ainimal Wildlife preserve
Material Coral, limestone
Easiest access Affshore anchorage anly; steep cliffs mak boat landin impossible
Discovered by Christopher Columbus
 - date 1504
Navassa Island.svg
Cairt o Navassa Island
Claimed bi  Haiti

Navassa Island (French: La Navasse, Haitian Kreyòl: Lanavaz or Lavash) is a smaa, uninhabitit island in the Caribbean Sea, claimed as an unorganized unincorporatit territory o the Unitit States, which admeenisters it through the U.S. Fish an Wildlife Service. Haiti, which haes claimed sovereignty ower Navassa syne 1801, an aa claims the island in its constitution.[1][2][3]

Geografie, topography an ecology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Navassa Island is aboot 2 square mile (5.2 km2) in aurie. It is locatit 90 nautical mile (100 mi; 170 km) sooth o the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 40 nautical mile (46 mi; 74 km) wast o Jérémie on the sooth wast peninsula o Haiti,[4] an aboot ane-quarter o the wye frae Haiti tae Jamaica in the Jamaica Channel. It reaches an elevation o 250 feet (76 m) at Dunning Hill 110 yard (100 m) sooth o the lichthoose, Navassa Island Licht. This location is 440 yard (400 m) frae the soothwastren coast or 655 yard (600 m) east o Lulu Bay. The island's latitude an longitude are 18°24′10″N 75°0′45″W / 18.40278°N 75.01250°W / 18.40278; -75.01250.

Navassa Island is sooth o Cuba, east o Jamaica, an wast o Haiti. This cairt oreeginates wi the US govrenment an shaws the US claim on the island

The terrain o Navassa Island consists maistly o exposed coral an limestone, the island bein ringed bi vertical white cliffs 30 tae 50 feet (9.1 tae 15.2 m) heich, but wi enough grassland tae support goat herds. The island is covered in a forest o just fower tree species: short-leaf fig (Ficus populnea var. brevifolia), pigeon plum (Coccoloba diversifolia), mastic (Sideroxylon foetidissimum), an poisonwood (Metopium brownei).[5][6]

Its topography an ecology are similar tae that o Mona Island, a smaa limestone island locatit in the Mona Passage, atween Puerto Rico an the Dominican Republic. It shares historical similarities wi Mona Island syne baith are U.S. territories, wur once centers o guanae minin, an presently are naitur reserves. Transient Haitian fishermen an ithers camp on the island but the island is itherwise uninhabitit.[5] It haes na ports or harbors, anly affshore anchorages, an its anly naitural resoorce is guanae; economic activity consists o subsistence fishin an commercial trawlin activities.[7]

Thare wur aicht species o native reptiles, aw o which are believed tae be, or tae hae been, endemic tae Navassa Island: Celestus badius (an anguid lizard), Aristelliger cochranae (a gecko), Sphaerodactylus becki (a gecko), Anolis longiceps (an anole), Cyclura (cornuta) onchiopsis (a rock iguana), Leiocephalus eremitus (a curly-tailed lizard), Tropidophis bucculentus (a dwarf boa), an Typhlops sulcatus (a tiny snake).[8] O these, the first fower remain common, but the last fower are likely extinct.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Government of Haiti: Geography of Haiti (with French to English translation)[deid airtin]
  2. Serge Bellegarde (1998). "Navassa Island: Haiti and the U.S. – A Matter of History and Geography". Retrieved 6 Februar 2008. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. "Haiti: Constitution, 1987 (English translation)".
  4. Rohter, Larry (19 October 1998). "Whose Rock Is It? Yes, the Haitians Care". Port-au-Prince Journal. The New York Times. Retrieved 28 Januar 2012. Cite has empty unkent parameters: |separator= and |coauthors= (help); Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  5. a b CoRIS - NOAA's coral reef information system. "Navassa Island". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived frae the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved November 16, 2012.. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. US Fish & Wildlife Service. "Navassa National Wildlife Refuge". US Fish & Wildlife Service. Retrieved November 17, 2012.. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. Central Intellenge Agency. "The World Factbook - Navassa Island". Central Intellenge Agency. Retrieved November 16, 2012.. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. a b Powell, Robert (2003). Reptiles of Navassa Island. Archived 2013-07-25 at the Wayback Machine Avila University.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]