Navassa Island

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Navassa Island
Parts Lulu Toun
Location Caribbean Sea
Aurie 5.2 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population Uninhabitit
Animal Wildlife preserve
Material Coral, limestone
Easiest access Affshore anchorage anly; steep cliffs mak boat landin impossible
Discovered by Christopher Columbus
 - date 1504
Cairt o Navassa Island
Claimed bi Template:HAI

Navassa Island (French: La Navasse, Haitian Kreyòl: Lanavaz or Lavash) is a smaa, uninhabitit island in the Caribbean Sea, claimed as an unorganized unincorporatit territory o the Unitit States, which admeenisters it through the U.S. Fish an Wildlife Service. Haiti, which haes claimed sovereignty ower Navassa syne 1801, an aa claims the island in its constitution.[1][2][3]

Geografie, topography an ecology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Navassa Island is aboot 2 square miles (5.2 km2) in aurie. It is locatit 90 nautical miles (100 mi; 170 km) sooth o the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 40 nautical miles (46 mi; 74 km) wast o Jérémie on the sooth wast peninsula o Haiti,[4] an aboot ane-quarter o the wye frae Haiti tae Jamaica in the Jamaica Channel. It reaches an elevation o 250 feet (76 m) at Dunning Hill 110 yards (100 m) sooth o the lichthoose, Navassa Island Licht. This location is 440 yards (400 m) frae the soothwastren coast or 655 yards (600 m) east o Lulu Bay. The island's latitude an longitude are 18°24′10″N 75°0′45″W / 18.40278°N 75.01250°W / 18.40278; -75.01250.

Navassa Island is sooth o Cuba, east o Jamaica, an wast o Haiti. This cairt oreeginates wi the US govrenment an shaws the US claim on the island

The terrain o Navassa Island consists maistly o exposed coral an limestone, the island bein ringed bi vertical white cliffs 30 to[convert: unkent unit] heich, but wi enough grassland tae support goat herds. The island is covered in a forest o just fower tree species: short-leaf fig (Ficus populnea var. brevifolia), pigeon plum (Coccoloba diversifolia), mastic (Sideroxylon foetidissimum), an poisonwood (Metopium brownei).[5][6]

Its topography an ecology are similar tae that o Mona Island, a smaa limestone island locatit in the Mona Passage, atween Puerto Rico an the Dominican Republic. It shares historical similarities wi Mona Island syne baith are U.S. territories, wur once centers o guano minin, an presently are naitur reserves. Transient Haitian fishermen an ithers camp on the island but the island is itherwise uninhabitit.[5] It haes na ports or harbors, anly affshore anchorages, an its anly naitural resoorce is guano; economic activity consists o subsistence fishin an commercial trawlin activities.[7]

Thare wur aicht species o native reptiles, aw o which are believed tae be, or tae hae been, endemic tae Navassa Island: Celestus badius (an anguid lizard), Aristelliger cochranae (a gecko), Sphaerodactylus becki (a gecko), Anolis longiceps (an anole), Cyclura (cornuta) onchiopsis (a rock iguana), Leiocephalus eremitus (a curly-tailed lizard), Tropidophis bucculentus (a dwarf boa), an Typhlops sulcatus (a tiny snake).[8] O these, the first fower remain common, but the last fower are likely extinct.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Government of Haiti: Geography of Haiti (with French to English translation)[deid airtin]
  2. Serge Bellegarde (October 1998). "Navassa Island: Haiti and the U.S. – A Matter of History and Geography". Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  3. "Haiti: Constitution, 1987 (English translation)". 
  4. Rohter, Larry (October 19, 1998). "Whose Rock Is It? Yes, the Haitians Care". Port-au-Prince Journal. The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 CoRIS - NOAA's coral reef information system. "Navassa Island". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 16, 2012..  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. US Fish & Wildlife Service. "Navassa National Wildlife Refuge". US Fish & Wildlife Service. Retrieved November 17, 2012..  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. Central Intellenge Agency. "The World Factbook - Navassa Island". Central Intellenge Agency. Retrieved November 16, 2012..  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Powell, Robert (2003). Reptiles of Navassa Island. Avila University.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]