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南宁 · Namzningz
南宁市 · Namzningz Si
Nanning Skyline
Nanning Skyline
Location o Nanning Ceety jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location o Nanning Ceety jurisdiction in Guangxi
Nanning is located in Cheenae
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 22°49′N 108°19′E / 22.817°N 108.317°E / 22.817; 108.317Coordinates: 22°49′N 108°19′E / 22.817°N 108.317°E / 22.817; 108.317
KintraFowkrepublic o Cheenae
 • Prefectur-level ceety22189 km2 (8,567 sq mi)
 • Urban
6559 km2 (2,532 sq mi)
 • Metro
5264 km2 (2,032 sq mi)
 (2010 census)
 • Prefectur-level ceety6,661,600
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Cheenae Staundart)
Postal code
Area code(s)0771
License plate prefixesA
Chinese name
Semplifeed Cheenese南宁
Tradeetional Cheenese南寧
Leeteral meaninpeace in the sooth
Zhuang name

Nanning (simplifeed Cheenese: 南宁; traditeeonal Cheenese: 南寧, Zhuang: Namzningz, meanin 'Sooth Tranquility') is the caipital o the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in soothren Cheenae. It is kent as the "Green Ceety" acause o its abundance o lush tropical foliage.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

A coonty seat cried Jinxing wis first established at the steid in AD 318. This became the admeenistrative seat o a commandery. Nanning wis ance the territory o the Baiyue fowk an became the caipital o Jinxing Prefectur that wis separatit frae Yulin Prefectur o the Eastren Jin Dynasty.

In 589 the Jinxing commandery wis dissolved, an the coonty wis renamed Xuanhua. Unner the Tang dynasty (618–907) the prefectur o Yong (邕州Yongzhou) wis established thare; it wis garrisoned tae control the non-Cheenese destricts in Guangxi an on the YunnanGuizhou provincial border. In the mid-9t century the Tang an the Yunnan state o Nanzhao foucht ower it, an efter 861 it wis briefly occupied bi Nanzhao. It remained a frontier prefectur throughout the Song dynasty (960–1279), bein the scene o a rebellion led bi Nong Zhigao in 1052 an thereafter a garrison toun.

In the Yuan Dynasty in 1324, it wis renamed Nanning Lu (an admeenistrative diveesion) o Yongzhou Lu meanin "Mey peace maintain in the soothren frontier", hence the name Nanning. Historically, Nanning wis famous for trade, an haed permanent business offices frae ither areas in Cheenae syne the Song Dynasty.

Unner the Ming (1368–1644) an Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, it wis a superior prefectur. In the Ming Dynasty Nanning developed intae the commodity distributin centre o the Zuo River an the You River wi the reputation o "Little Nanjing".

Opened tae foreign trade bi the Cheenese in 1907, Nanning grew rapidly. Frae 1912 tae 1936 it wis the provincial caipital o Guangxi, replacin Guilin.

Early in the 20t century the ceety spilled ower frae the auld walled ceety intae a soothren suburban area. In the 1930s Nanning became the centre o a "model provincial govrenment" unner the warlaird Li Zongren, an a spacious modren ceety wis laid oot. Durin the Seicont Sino-Japanese War (1937–45), Nanning wis temporarily occupied in 1940 bi the Japanese. It subsequently became an important U.S. air base supportin the Cheenese armies in Guangxi, but durin 1944–45 it wis again unner Japanese occupation.

In 1949 Nanning again became the provincial caipital, first o Guangxi province an then (1958) o the renamed Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Till then Nanning haed essentially been a commercial centre dependent on Guangzhou an on the Xi River seestem. In the late 1930s a railwey wis begun, jynin Hengyang in soothren Hunan province wi Guilin, Liuzhou, Nanning, an the Vietnam border, while anither wis begun frae Liuzhou tae Guiyang in Guizhou. The construction o the Nanning section o this line wis haltit in 1940 bi the Japanese advances, houiver, an wis nae completit till 1951, efter which Nanning wis directly linked wi central Cheenae; completion o a branch line tae the port o Zhanjiang (in Guangdong) in 1957 gae it a direct ootlet tae the sea. Durin the French war in Indocheenae (1946–54), Nanning wis the chief support base in Cheenae for the Vietnamese forces, an durin the Vietnam War in the 1960s an early 1970s it again became a stagin post for the sendin o supplies soothward tae North Vietnam. It wis an aa an important militar supply centre durin the Sino-Vietnam confrontation in 1979.

Formerly an essentially commercial an admeenistrative centre, Nanning frae 1949 experienced industrial growth. The ceety is surroondit bi a fertile agricultural region producin subtropical fruits an succarcane; fuid processin, flour millin, succar refinin, meatpackin, an leather manufactur are important in the ceety. Nanning haes been a centre for printin an paper manufactur, an it is an aa important in hivy industry.

Efter the recognition o the Zhuang ethnic minority in 1958, Nanning became the chief centre for the trainin o Zhuang leaders. Guangxi Varsity, a lairge medical schuil, an a schuil o agricultur aw date frae the 1920s.

A cavern at Yiling, 19 km (12 mi) tae the northwest, haes a 1,100 m passage throu picturesque stalactites. In the 1970s colored lichts wur installed an the cavern wis developed as a tourist attraction.

Nanning serves as host for the annual Cheenae-ASEAN EXPO (CASEAN EXPO) which began in 2005 an wis the venue for the 2006 "Warld Robotics Olympiad".

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: CMA

Nanning is locatit in the soothren pairt o the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 160 km (99 mi) frae the border wi Vietnam. It haes an admeenistrative area o 22,293 km2 (8,607 sq mi).[1]

The ceety is locatit on the north bank o the Yong River, the chief soothren tributary o the Xi River, an lies some 30 km (19 mi) alaw the confluence o the Yu an the Zuo rivers. The Yong River (that later becomes the Yu River) affords a guid route tae Guangzhou an is navigable bi shallow-draft junks an motor launches, even tho it is obstructit bi rapids an sandbanks.

Nanning is situatit in a hilly basin wi elevations atween 70 an 500 m (230 an 1,640 ft) abuin sea-level. Qingxiu Muntain dominates the soothren pairt o toun.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nanning haes a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), wi an annual mean temperature o 21.82 °C (71.3 °F). Simmers are het an humid wi Julie, the hettest month, havin a 24-oor average temperatur o 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). Winters are mild an somewhat damp wi Januar, the cuilest month, averagin 12.9 °C (55.2 °F) in Januar. Frae Februar tae August, rain is maist frequent an relative humidity consistently averages abuin 80%; the annual rainfaw is 1,310 millimetre (51.6 in). The area is frost-free for aw but 3 or 4 days a year an snowfaw is virtually unheard o in the ceety. Extreme temperatures hae ranged frae −2.1 tae 40.4 °C (28 tae 105 °F).[2]

Flora an fauna[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nanning's warm climate gies it a lairge amoont o biodiversity. Thare are mony species o ainimals an mair nor 3,000 species o plants. The ceety flouer is the Jaba flouer, an evergreen shrub, an the ceety tree is the awmond tree which is regardit as the backbone tree uised for greenin an landscapin throughoot the ceety.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nanning is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Profile of Nanning" (in Chinese). Archived frae the original on 10 Juin 2008. Retrieved 11 Juin 2008.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. a b "Extreme Temperatures Around the World". Retrieved 21 Februar 2013.
  3. "中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年)" (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Archived frae the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 4 Mey 2010.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 10 Julie 2012. Retrieved 25 Mey 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]