Nanking Massacre

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Nanking Massacre (Rape o Nanking)
Pairt o the Seicont Sino-Japanese War
Nanking bodies 1937.jpg
The corpse o massacred victims on the shore o the Qinhuai River wi a Japanese sodger staundin nearbi
DateDecember 13, 1937 – Januar 1938
LocationNanjing, Cheenae
  • 50,000–300,000 dead (primary soorces)[1][2]
  • 40,000–300,000 dead (scholartly consensus)[3]
  • 300,000 dead (Cheenese govrenment, scholartly consensus in Cheenae)[4][5][6]
Nanking Massacre
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese南京大屠殺
Simplified Chinese南京大屠杀
Japanese name
Kanji1. 南京大虐殺
2. 南京事件

The Nanking Massacre wis an episode o mass murther an mass rape committit bi Japanese truips against the residents o Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then the caipital o the Republic o Cheenae during the Seicont Sino-Japanese War. The massacre occurred ower a period o sax weeks stairtin on December 13, 1937, the day that the Japanese capturt Nanjing. During this period, sodgers o the Imperial Japanese Airmy murthert Cheenese ceevilians an disairmed combatants wha nummered an estimatit 40,000 tae ower 300,000,[7][8] an perpetratit widespread rape an luitin.[9][10]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Nanking Atrocities: Fact and Fable". Archived frae the oreeginal on February 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-06. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. "Nanking Atrocities – In the 1990s". Archived frae the oreeginal on October 26, 2013. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi, ed. (2008). The Nanking Atrocity, 1937–38: Complicating the Picture. Berghahn Books. p. 362. ISBN 1845451805.
  4. "论南京大屠杀遇难人数 认定的历史演变" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-03-16.
  5. "近十年" 侵华日军南京大屠杀"研究述评" (PDF). Retrieved March 16, 2016.
  6. "Modern China" (PDF). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on March 6, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. Levene, Mark and Roberts, Penny. The Massacre in History. 1999, page 223–224
  8. Totten, Samuel. Dictionary of Genocide. 2008, 298–299.
  9. Iris Chang, The Rape of Nanking, p. 6.
  10. Lee, Min (March 31, 2010). "New film has Japan vets confessing to Nanjing rape". Salon/Associated Press.