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Fower bags wi three merbles per bag gies twal merbles (4 × 3 = 12).

Multiplication (eften denotit bi the cross seembol "×", bi a pynt "", bi juxtaposition, or, on computers, bi an asterisk "") is ane o the fower elementary mathematical operations o arithmetic; wi the ithers bein addeetion, subtraction an diveesion.

The multiplication o hale nummers mey be thocht as a repeatit addeetion; that is, the multiplication o twa nummers is equivalent tae addin as mony copies o ane o them, the multiplicand, as the vailyie o the ither one, the multiplier.