Muins o Saturn

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The muins o Saturn are numerous an diverse,[1] rangin frae tiny muinlets less nor 1 kilometre athort tae the enormous Titan, which is lairger nor the planet Mercur.

Leet[eedit | eedit soorce]

Confirmed muins[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Saturnian muins are leetit here bi orbital period (or semi-major axis), frar shortest tae langest. Muins massive enough for thair surfaces tae hae collapsed intae a spheroid are heichlichtit in bauld, while the irregular muins are leetit in reid, orange an gray backgrund.
Key

Major icy muins

Titan

Inuit group

Gallic group

Norse group
Order Label
[lower-alpha 1]
Name Pronunciation (key) Image Diameter (km)[lower-alpha 2] Mass
(×1015 kg) [lower-alpha 3]
Semi-major axis (km) [lower-alpha 4] Orbital period (d)[lower-alpha 4][lower-alpha 5] Inclination [lower-alpha 4][lower-alpha 6] Eccentricity Position Discovery
year
[2]
Discoverer
[2]
1 S/2009 S/2009 S 1 PIA11665 moonlet in B Ring cropped.jpg ≈ 0.3 < 0.0001 ≈ 117000 ≈ 0.47 ≈ 0° ≈ 0 ooter B Raing 2009 Cassini[9]
(muinlets) First moonlets PIA07792 (closeup).jpg 0.04 to 0.4 (Earhart) < 0.0001 ≈ 130000 ≈ 0.55 ≈ 0° ≈ 0 Three 1000 km bands within A Ring 2006 Cassini
2 XVIII Pan Pan ˈpæn Pan side view.jpg 28.2±2.6
(34 × 31 × 20)
4.95±0.75 133584 +0.57505 0.001° 0.000035 in Encke Division 1990 M. Showalter
3 XXXV Daphnis Daphnis ˈdæfnᵻs Daphnis raw 2010 cropped.jpg 7.6±1.6
(9 × 8 × 6)
0.084±0.012 136505 +0.59408 ≈ 0° ≈ 0 in Keeler Gap 2005 Cassini
4 XV Atlas Atlas ˈætləs Atlas Rev09.2x.jpg 30.2±1.8
(41 × 35 × 19)
6.6±0.045 137670 +0.60169 0.003° 0.0012 outer A Ring shepherd 1980 Voyager 2
5 XVI Prometheus Prometheus proʊˈmiːθiːəs Prometheus 12-26-09b.jpg 86.2±5.4
(136 × 79 × 59)
159.5±1.5 139380 +0.61299 0.008° 0.0022 inner F Ring shepherd 1980 Voyager 2
6 XVII Pandora Pandora pænˈdɔərə Pandora PIA07632.jpg 81.4±3.0
(104 × 81 × 64)
137.1±1.9 141720 +0.62850 0.050° 0.0042 outer F Ring Shepherd 1980 Voyager 2
7a XI Epimetheus Epimetheus ˌɛpᵻˈmiːθiːəs Epimetheus.jpg 116.2±3.6
(130 × 114 × 106)
526.6±0.6 151422 +0.69433 0.335° 0.0098 co-orbital with Janus 1977 J. Fountain, and S. Larson
7b X Janus Janus ˈdʒeɪnəs PIA12714 Janus crop.jpg 179.0±2.8
(203 × 185 × 153)
1897.5±0.6 151472 +0.69466 0.165° 0.0068 co-orbital with Epimetheus 1966 A. Dollfus
9 LIII Aegaeon Aegaeon iːˈdʒiːən Image o Aegaeon. ≈ 0.5 ≈ 0.0001 167500 +0.80812 0.001° 0.0002 G Ring moonlet 2008 Cassini
10 I MimasMimas ˈmaɪməs / ˈmiːməs Mimas moon.jpg 396.4±0.8
(416 × 393 × 381)
37493±31 185404 +0.942422 1.566° 0.0202   1789 W. Herschel
11 XXXII Methone Methone mᵻˈθoʊniː Frae Mey 2012 flyby 3.2±1.2 ≈ 0.02 194440 +1.00957 0.007° 0.0001 Alkyonides 2004 Cassini
12 XLIX Anthe Anthe ˈænθiː An image shawin as a dot (the bricht ane) next to Methone (the dim one next to it) ≈ 1 ≈ 0.007 197700 +1.03650 0.1° 0.001 Alkyonides 2007 Cassini
13 XXXIII Pallene Pallene pəˈliːniː A bricht dot in the centre is Pallene, a muin o Saturn 5.0±1.2
(6 × 6 × 4)
≈ 0.05 212280 +1.15375 0.181° 0.0040 Alkyonides 2004 Cassini
14 II EnceladusEnceladus ɛnˈsɛlədəs Enceladus from Voyager.jpg 504.2±0.4
(513 × 503 × 497)
108022±101 237950 +1.370218 0.010° 0.0047 Generates the E ring 1789 W. Herschel
15 III TethysTethys ˈtiːθᵻs / ˈtɛθᵻs PIA18317-SaturnMoon-Tethys-Cassini-20150411.jpg 1062±1.2
(1077 × 1057 × 1053)
617449±132 294619 +1.887802 0.168° 0.0001   1684 G. Cassini
15a XIII Telesto Telesto tᵻˈlɛstoʊ Telesto cassini closeup.jpg 24.8±0.8
(33 × 24 × 20)
≈ 9.41 294619 +1.887802 1.158° 0.000 leading Tethys trojan 1980 B. Smith, H. Reitsema, S. Larson, and J. Fountain
15b XIV Calypso Calypso kəˈlɪpsoʊ N00151485 Calypso crop.jpg 21.4±1.4
(30 × 23 × 14)
≈ 6.3 294619 +1.887802 1.473° 0.000 trailing Tethys trojan 1980 D. Pascu, P. Seidelmann, W. Baum, and D. Currie
18 IV DioneDione daɪˈoʊniː Dione3 cassini big.jpg 1122.8±0.8
(1128 × 1123 × 1119)
1095452±168 377396 +2.736915 0.002° 0.0022   1684 G. Cassini
18a XII Helene Helene ˈhɛlᵻniː PIA 10544 Helene.jpg 35.2±0.8
(43 × 38 × 26)
≈ 24.46 377396 +2.736915 0.212° 0.0022 leading Dione trojan 1980 P. Laques and J. Lecacheux
18b XXXIV Polydeuces Polydeuces ˌpɒliˈdjuːsiːz Polydeuces.jpg 2.6±0.8
(3 × 2 × 1)
≈ 0.03 377396 +2.736915 0.177° 0.0192 trailing Dione trojan 2004 Cassini
21 V RheaRhea ˈriːə PIA07763 Rhea full globe5.jpg 1527.0±1.2
(1530 × 1526 × 1525)
2306518±353 527108 +4.518212 0.327° 0.001258   1672 G. Cassini
22 VI TitanTitan ˈtaɪtən Titan in natural color Cassini.jpg 5149 134520000±20000 1221930 +15.94542 0.3485° 0.0288   1655 C. Huygens
23 VII HyperionHyperion haɪˈpɪəriən Hyperion true.jpg 270±8
(360 × 266 × 205)
5620±50 1481010 +21.27661 0.568° 0.123006 in 4:3 resonance with Titan 1848 W. Bond
G. Bond
W. Lassell
24 VIII IapetusIapetus aɪˈæpᵻtəs Iapetus 706 1419 1.jpg 1468.6±5.6
(1491 × 1491 × 1424)
1805635±375 3560820 +79.3215 15.47° 0.028613   1671 G. Cassini
25 XXIV KiviuqKiviuq ˈkɪviək ≈ 16 ≈ 2.79 11294800 +448.16 49.087° 0.3288 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
26 XXII IjiraqIjiraq ˈiː.ᵻrɒk Ijiraq discovery.gif ≈ 12 ≈ 1.18 11355316 +451.77 50.212° 0.3161 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
27 IX Phoebe ♣†Phoebe ˈfiːbiː Phoebe cassini.jpg 213.0±1.4
(219 × 217 × 204)
8292±10 12869700 −545.09 173.047° 0.156242 Norse group 1899 W. Pickering
28 XX PaaliaqPaaliaq ˈpɑːliɒk Paaliaq.jpg ≈ 22 ≈ 7.25 15103400 +692.98 46.151° 0.3631 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
29 XXVII SkathiSkathi ˈskɒði ≈ 8 ≈ 0.35 15672500 −732.52 149.084° 0.246 Norse (Skathi) Group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
30 XXVI AlbiorixAlbiorix ˌælbiˈɒrɪks ≈ 32 ≈ 22.3 16266700 +774.58 38.042° 0.477 Gallic group 2000 M. Holman
31   S/2007AS/2007 S 2 ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 16560000 −792.96 176.68° 0.2418 Norse group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna, B. Marsden
32 XXXVII BebhionnBebhionn bɛˈviːn, ˈvɪvi.ɒn ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 17153520 +838.77 40.484° 0.333 Gallic group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
33 XXVIII ErriapusErriapus ˌɛriˈæpəs ≈ 10 ≈ 0.68 17236900 +844.89 38.109° 0.4724 Gallic group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
34 XLVII SkollSkoll ˈskɒl, ˈskɜːl ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 17473800 −862.37 155.624° 0.418 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
35 XXIX SiarnaqSiarnaq ˈsiːɑːrnək ≈ 40 ≈ 43.5 17776600 +884.88 45.798° 0.24961 Inuit group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
36 LII TarqeqTarqeq ˈtɑːrkeɪk ≈ 7 ≈ 0.23 17910600 +894.86 49.904° 0.1081 Inuit group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
37   S/2004BS/2004 S 13 ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 18056300 −905.85 167.379° 0.261 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
38 LI GreipGreip ˈɡreɪp ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 18065700 −906.56 172.666° 0.3735 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
39 XLIV HyrrokkinHyrrokkin hɪˈrɒkᵻn ≈ 8 ≈ 0.35 18168300 −914.29 153.272° 0.3604 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
40 L JarnsaxaJarnsaxa jɑːrnˈsæksə ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 18556900 −943.78 162.861° 0.1918 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
41 XXI TarvosTarvos ˈtɑːrvəs ≈ 15 ≈ 2.3 18562800 +944.23 34.679° 0.5305 Gallic group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
42 XXV MundilfariMundilfari ˌmʊndəlˈvɛri ≈ 7 ≈ 0.23 18725800 −956.70 169.378° 0.198 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
43   S/2006S/2006 S 1 ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 18930200 −972.41 154.232° 0.1303 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D.C. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
44   S/2004CS/2004 S 17 ≈ 4 ≈ 0.05 19099200 −985.45 166.881° 0.226 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
45 XXXVIII BergelmirBergelmir bɛərˈjɛlmɪər ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 19104000 −985.83 157.384° 0.152 Norse (Skathi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
46 XXXI NarviNarvi ˈnɑːrvi Narvi.jpg ≈ 7 ≈ 0.23 19395200 −1008.45 137.292° 0.320 Norse (Narvi) group 2003 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
47 XXIII SuttungrSuttungr ˈsʊtʊŋɡər ≈ 7 ≈ 0.23 19579000 −1022.82 174.321° 0.131 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
48 XLIII HatiHati ˈhɑːti ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 19709300 −1033.05 163.131° 0.291 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
49   S/2004AS/2004 S 12 ≈ 5 ≈ 0.09 19905900 −1048.54 164.042° 0.396 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
50 XL FarbautiFarbauti fɑːrˈbaʊti ≈ 5 ≈ 0.09 19984800 −1054.78 158.361° 0.209 Norse (Skathi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
51 XXX ThrymrThrymr ˈθrɪmər ≈ 7 ≈ 0.23 20278100 −1078.09 174.524° 0.453 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
52 XXXVI AegirAegir ˈaɪ.ɪər ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 20482900 −1094.46 167.425° 0.237 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
53   S/2007BS/2007 S 3 ≈ 5 ≈ 0.09 20518500 ≈ −1100 177.22° 0.130 Norse group 2007 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
54 XXXIX BestlaBestla ˈbɛstlə ≈ 7 ≈ 0.23 20570000 −1101.45 147.395° 0.5145 Norse (Narvi) group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
55   S/2007CS/2004 S 7 ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 20576700 −1101.99 165.596° 0.5299 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
56   S/2006S/2006 S 3 ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 21076300 −1142.37 150.817° 0.4710 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
57 XLI FenrirFenrir ˈfɛnrɪər ≈ 4 ≈ 0.05 21930644 −1212.53 162.832° 0.131 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
58 XLVIII SurturSurtur ˈsɜːrtər ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 22288916 −1242.36 166.918° 0.3680 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
59 XLV KariKari ˈkɑːri ≈ 7 ≈ 0.23 22321200 −1245.06 148.384° 0.3405 Norse (Skathi) group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
60 XIX YmirYmir ˈɪmɪər ≈ 18 ≈ 3.97 22429673 −1254.15 172.143° 0.3349 Norse group 2000 B. Gladman, J. Kavelaars, et al.
61 XLVI LogeLoge ˈlɔɪ.eɪ ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 22984322 −1300.95 166.539° 0.1390 Norse group 2006 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna
62 XLII FornjotFornjot ˈfɔːrnjɒt ≈ 6 ≈ 0.15 24504879 −1432.16 167.886° 0.186 Norse group 2004 S. Sheppard, D. Jewitt, J. Kleyna

Unconfirmed muins[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein objects (observed bi Cassini) hae nae been confirmed as solit bouks. It isna yet clear if thir are real satellites or merely persistent clumps within the F Raing.[10]

Name Image Diameter (km) Semi-major
axis (km)[6]
Orbital
period (d)[6]
Poseetion Discovery year
S/2004 S 6 A bright narrow band runs from the top to bottom. To the right of it in the diffuse halo the is a bright small object. ≈ 3–5 ≈ 140130 +0.61801 uncertain objects around the F Ring 2004
S/2004 S 3/S 4[lower-alpha 7] A segment of the ring with bright overexposed Saturn in the top-left corner. Near the right edge of the ring there is a bright dot. ≈ 3–5 ≈ 140300 ≈ +0.619 2004

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Corum, Jonathan (December 18, 2015). "Mapping Saturn's Moons". New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2015. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Gazetteer
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Thomas2010
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named SheppardSat
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Jacobson_Antreasian_et_al._2006
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Spitale_Jacobson_et_al._2006
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named note_5
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NASA
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named IAUC2009b
  10. 10.0 10.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Porco2005


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