Muins o Jupiter

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A montage o Jupiter an its fower lairgest muins (distance an sizes nae tae scale)

Thare are 67 kent muins o Jupiter.[1] This gies Jupiter the lairgest nummer o muins wi raisonably secur orbits o ony planet in the Solar Seestem.[2]

Leet[eedit | eedit soorce]

The muins o Jupiter are leetit ablo bi orbital period. Muins massive enough for thair surfaces tae hae collapsed intae a spheroid are heichlichtit in bauld. Thir are the fower Galilean moons, which are comparable in size tae the Muin. The fower inner muins are much smawer, the fowerth maist massive bein mair nor 7000 times mair massive nor the fift-maist. The irregular capturt muins are shadit licht gray when prograde an dark gray when retrograde.

Order
[note 1]
Label
[note 2]
Name
Pronunciation
(key)
Image Diameter
(km)[note 3]
Mass
(×1016 kg)
Semi-major
axis

(km)[3]
Orbital period
(d)[3][note 4]
Inclination
(°)[3]
Eccentr.
[4]
Discovery
year
[5]
Discoverer[5] Group
[note 5]
1 XVI Metis /ˈmts/
Metis.jpg
60 × 40 × 34 ≈ 3.6 127690 +7h 4m 29s 0.06[6] 0.00002 1979 Synnott
(Voyager 1)
Inner
2 XV Adrastea /əˈdræstiə/
Adrastea.jpg
20 × 16 × 14 ≈ 0.2 128690 +7h 9m 30s 0.03[6] 0.0015 1979 Jewitt
(Voyager 2)
Inner
3 V Amalthea /əˈmælθiə/[7]
Amalthea Voyager-1.png
250 × 146 × 128
(167±4.0)
208 181366 +11h 57m 23s 0.374[6] 0.0032 1892 Barnard Inner
4 XIV Thebe /ˈθb/
Thebe.jpg
116 × 98 × 84 ≈ 43 221889 +16h 11m 17s 1.076[6] 0.0175 1979 Synnott
(Voyager 1)
Inner
5 I Io /ˈ/
Io highest resolution true color.jpg
3660.0
× 3637.4
× 3630.6
8931900 421700 +1.7691 0.050[6] 0.0041 1610 Galilei Galilean
6 II Europa /ˌjʊərˈpə/[8]
Europa-moon.jpg
3121.6 4800000 671034 +3.5512 0.471[6] 0.0094 1610 Galilei Galilean
7 III Ganymede /ˈɡænɪˌmd/[9][10]
Ganymede g1 true-edit1.jpg
5262.4 14819000 1070412 +7.1546 0.204[6] 0.0011 1610 Galilei Galilean
8 IV Callisto /kəˈlɪst/
Callisto.jpg
4820.6 10759000 1882709 +16.689 0.205[6] 0.0074 1610 Galilei Galilean
9 XVIII Themisto /θˈmɪst/ S 2000 J 1.jpg 8 0.069 7393216 +129.87 45.762 0.2115 1975/2000 Kowal & Roemer/
Sheppard et al.
Themisto
10 XIII Leda /ˈldə/ 16 0.6 11187781 +240.82 27.562 0.1673 1974 Kowal Himalia
11 VI Himalia /hˈmliə/
Himalia from New Horizons.jpg
170 670 11451971 +250.23 30.486 0.1513 1904 Perrine Himalia
12 X Lysithea /lˈsɪθiə/ Lysithea2.jpg 36 6.3 11740560 +259.89 27.006 0.1322 1938 Nicholson Himalia
13 VII Elara /ˈɛlərə/
Elara2-LB1-mag17.jpg
86 87 11778034 +257.62 29.691 0.1948 1905 Perrine Himalia
14 LIII Dia /ˈdə/ 4 0.0090 12570424 +287.93 27.584 0.2058 2001 Sheppard et al. Himalia?
15 XLVI Carpo /ˈkɑːrp/ 3 0.0045 17144873 +458.62 56.001 0.2735 2003 Sheppard et al. Carpo
16 S/2003 J 12 1 0.00015 17739539 −482.69 142.680 0.4449 2003 Sheppard et al. ?
17 XXXIV Euporie /jˈpɒr/ 2 0.0015 19088434 −538.78 144.694 0.0960 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke
18 S/2003 J 3 2 0.0015 19621780 −561.52 146.363 0.2507 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
19 S/2003 J 18 2 0.0015 19812577 −569.73 147.401 0.1569 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
20 S/2011 J 1 1 20155290 −582.22 162.8 0.2963 2011 Sheppard et al. ?
21 LII S/2010 J 2 1 20307150 −588.36 150.4 0.307 2010 Veillet Ananke?
22 XLII Thelxinoe /θɛlkˈsɪn/ 2 0.0015 20453753 −597.61 151.292 0.2684 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
23 XXXIII Euanthe /jˈænθ/ 3 0.0045 20464854 −598.09 143.409 0.2000 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke
24 XLV Helike /ˈhɛlk/ 4 0.0090 20540266 −601.40 154.586 0.1374 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
25 XXXV Orthosie /ɔːrˈθɒs/ 2 0.0015 20567971 −602.62 142.366 0.2433 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke
26 XXIV Iocaste /ˈkæst/ 5 0.019 20722566 −609.43 147.248 0.2874 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
27 S/2003 J 16 2 0.0015 20743779 −610.36 150.769 0.3184 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
28 XXVII Praxidike /prækˈsɪdk/ 7 0.043 20823948 −613.90 144.205 0.1840 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
29 XXII Harpalyke /hɑːrˈpælk/ 4 0.012 21063814 −624.54 147.223 0.2440 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
30 XL Mneme /ˈnm/ 2 0.0015 21129786 −627.48 149.732 0.3169 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
31 XXX Hermippe /hərˈmɪp/ Ερμίππη.gif 4 0.0090 21182086 −629.81 151.242 0.2290 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke?
32 XXIX Thyone /θˈn/ 4 0.0090 21405570 −639.80 147.276 0.2525 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke
33 XII Ananke /əˈnæŋk/ Ananké.jpg 28 3.0 21454952 −640.38 151.564 0.3445 1951 Nicholson Ananke
34 L Herse /ˈhɜːrs/ 2 0.0015 22134306 −672.75 162.490 0.2379 2003 Gladman et al. Carme
35 XXXI Aitne /ˈtn/ 3 0.0045 22285161 −679.64 165.562 0.3927 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
36 XXXVII Kale /ˈkl/ 2 0.0015 22409207 −685.32 165.378 0.2011 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
37 XX Taygete /tˈɪdʒt/ 5 0.016 22438648 −686.67 164.890 0.3678 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
38 S/2003 J 19 2 0.0015 22709061 −699.12 164.727 0.1961 2003 Gladman et al. Carme
39 XXI Chaldene /kælˈdn/ 4 0.0075 22713444 −699.33 167.070 0.2916 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
40 S/2003 J 15 2 0.0015 22720999 −699.68 141.812 0.0932 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke?
41 S/2003 J 10 2 0.0015 22730813 −700.13 163.813 0.3438 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme?
42 S/2003 J 23 S2003j23ccircle.gif 2 0.0015 22739654 −700.54 148.849 0.3930 2004 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
43 XXV Erinome /ˈrɪnm/ 3 0.0045 22986266 −711.96 163.737 0.2552 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
44 XLI Aoede /ˈd/ 4 0.0090 23044175 −714.66 160.482 0.6011 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
45 XLIV Kallichore /kəˈlɪkr/ 2 0.0015 23111823 −717.81 164.605 0.2041 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme?
46 XXIII Kalyke /ˈkælk/ 5 0.019 23180773 −721.02 165.505 0.2139 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
47 XI Carme /ˈkɑːrm/ Carmé.jpg 46 13 23197992 −763.95 165.047 0.2342 1938 Nicholson Carme
48 XVII Callirrhoe /kəˈlɪr/
S1999j1.jpg
9 0.087 23214986 −727.11 139.849 0.2582 2000 Spahr, Scotti Pasiphae
49 XXXII Eurydome /jʊərˈɪdəm/ 3 0.0045 23230858 −723.36 149.324 0.3769 2002 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae?
50 S/2011 J 2 1 23329710 −725.06 151.8 0.3867 2011 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae?
51 XXXVIII Pasithee /pəˈsɪθ/ 2 0.0015 23307318 −726.93 165.759 0.3288 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
52 LI S/2010 J 1 2 23314335 −722.83 163.2 0.320 2010 Jacobson et al. Carme?
53 XLIX Kore /ˈkɔər/ 2 0.0015 23345093 −776.02 137.371 0.1951 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
54 XLVIII Cyllene /sˈln/ 2 0.0015 23396269 −731.10 140.148 0.4115 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
55 XLVII Eukelade /jˈkɛləd/ 4 0.0090 23483694 −735.20 163.996 0.2828 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
56 S/2003 J 4 2 0.0015 23570790 −739.29 147.175 0.3003 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
57 VIII Pasiphae /pəˈsɪf/ Pasiphaé.jpg 60 30 23609042 −739.80 141.803 0.3743 1908 Melotte Pasiphae
58 XXXIX Hegemone /hˈɛmən/ 3 0.0045 23702511 −745.50 152.506 0.4077 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
59 XLIII Arche /ˈɑːrk/ Bigs2002j1barrow.png 3 0.0045 23717051 −746.19 164.587 0.1492 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
60 XXVI Isonoe /ˈsɒn/ 4 0.0075 23800647 −750.13 165.127 0.1775 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
61 S/2003 J 9 1 0.00015 23857808 −752.84 164.980 0.2761 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
62 S/2003 J 5 4 0.0090 23973926 −758.34 165.549 0.3070 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
63 IX Sinope /sˈnp/ Sinopé.jpg 38 7.5 24057865 −739.33 153.778 0.2750 1914 Nicholson Pasiphae
64 XXXVI Sponde /ˈspɒnd/ 2 0.0015 24252627 −771.60 154.372 0.4431 2002 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
65 XXVIII Autonoe /ɔːˈtɒn/ 4 0.0090 24264445 −772.17 151.058 0.3690 2002 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
66 XIX Megaclite /mɛɡəˈklt/ 5 0.021 24687239 −792.44 150.398 0.3077 2001 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
67 S/2003 J 2 2 0.0015 30290846 −1077.02 153.521 0.1882 2003 Sheppard et al. ?

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Order refers tae the position amang ither muins wi respect tae thair average distance frae Jupiter.
  2. Label refers tae the Roman numeral attributit tae each muin in order o thair namin.
  3. Diameters wi multiple entries such as "60 × 40 × 34" reflect that the bouk isna a perfect spheroid an that each o its dimensions hae been measurt well enough.
  4. Periods wi negative values are retrograde.
  5. "?" refers tae group assignments that are nae considered sure yet.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Sheppard, Scott S. "The Giant Planet Satellite and Moon Page". Departamenteso e pa pajaro of Terrestrial Magnetism at Carniege Institution for science. Retrieved 2014-12-19. 
  2. "Solar System Bodies". JPL/NASA. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Natural Satellites Ephemeris Service". IAU: Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2011-01-08. Note: some semi-major axis were computed using the µ value, while the eccentricities were taken using the inclination to the local Laplace plane 
  4. Sheppard, Scott S. "Jupiter's Known Satellites". Departament of Terrestrial Magnetism at Carniege Institution for science. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN). U.S. Geological Survey. 2008-11-07. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Siedelmann P.K.; Abalakin V.K.; Bursa, M.; Davies, M.E.; et al. (2000). The Planets and Satellites 2000 (Report). IAU/IAG Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  7. "Amalthea - definition of Amalthea in English from the Oxford dictionary". OxfordDictionaries.com. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  8. "Europa - definition of Europa in English from the Oxford dictionary". OxfordDictionaries.com. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  9. "Ganymede - definition of Ganymede in English from the Oxford dictionary". OxfordDictionaries.com. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  10. Merriam-Webster Dictionary Ganymede