Moont Wilhelm

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Moont Wilhelm
Enduwa Kombuglu' / Kombugl'o Dimbin
Mount Wilhelm.jpg
The granite peak o Moont Wilhelm
Heichest pynt
Elevation4,509 m (14,793 ft)
Prominence2,969 m (9,741 ft) [1]
Ranked 97th
Isolation539 kilometres (335 mi)
LeetinKintra heich pynt
Ultra
Coordinates05°48′S 145°02′E / 5.800°S 145.033°E / -5.800; 145.033Coordinates: 05°48′S 145°02′E / 5.800°S 145.033°E / -5.800; 145.033
Geografie
Moont Wilhelm is locatit in Papua New Guinea
Moont Wilhelm
Moont Wilhelm
Location o Moont Wilhelm in Papua New Guinea
LocationIntersection of Simbu, Jiwaka and Madang provinces in Papua New Guinea
Parent rangeBismarck Range
Climbing
First ascent15 August 1938 by Leigh Vial
Easiest routeRock scramble

Moont Wilhelm (German: Wilhelmsberg) is the heichest moontain in Papua New Guinea at 4,509 metres (14,793 ft). It is pairt o the Bismarck Range an the peak is the pynt where three provinces, Simbu, Jiwaka an Madang, meet. The peak is awso kent as Enduwa Kombuglu, or Kombugl'o Dimbin, in the local Kuman.[2]

The moontain is on the island i New Guinea, which incorporates Papua New Guinea an the Indonesie province o Papua. It is surpassed bi Puncak Jaya, 4,884 m (16,024 ft), an seiveral ither peaks in Indonesian Papua.

Moont Wilhelm mey be claimed as the heichest moontain in Oceanie (includin Australie an New Zealand), on accoont o Indonesie bein in Asie.[3] A Seiven Summits list mey tharefore sometimes include Moont Wilhelm.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Discovery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Moont Wilhelm receivit its name in 1888 when a German newspaper correspondent, Hugo Zöller, climbed the Finisterre Range, sooth-east o Madang, an named the Bismarck Range airter the German Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, an the fower heichest peaks o the range aifter him an his childer: Ottoberg, Herbert-berg, Marienberg and Wilhelm-berg.[4] Otto-berg seemed tae Zöller tae be the heichest o the range, but it wis later discovered tae be anelie 11,600 feet (3,540 m) an the distant Wilhelmberg wis much taller.[5]

It wis nae until August 1938 when Leigh Vial, a govrenment patrol officer, an twa Niu Ginians, his "Mangi mastas", "Namba Wan Bare Kuakawa" (Kugl'kane) an "Gend" ("Mondia Nigle"), made the first recordit ascent.[4] It wis notit bi Vial that even thou the moontain wis close tae the equator, snaw existit on tap o the moontain at the time o ascent.[6]

WWII bomber crash[eedit | eedit soorce]

A weeng frae the wreckage of a US Air Force plane that crashed intae Moont Wilhelm

Durin the Seicont Warld War in the early oors o Mey 22, 1944, an American F-7A (a convertit B-24 Liberator) named "Unner Exposed" crashed intae the moontain while flyin too law. The aircraft left frae Nadzab airbase, close tae Lae, an haed been assigned for a reconnaissance mission tae photograph Padaidori Island in Dutch New Guinea. Aroond 0400 the plane crashed intae Wilhelm at aboot 13,000 feet (4,000 m) abuin the twin lochs.[7] Aw crew wur killed an maist o the wreckage laundit in the tapmaist loch althou some can still be seen today. The only remains at the site are frae the plane, as aw bodies hae been recovered.

Climbin daiths[eedit | eedit soorce]

A nummer o fowk hae died tryin tae climb the moontain. An Australie Airmy Sergeant, Christopher Donnan, died in December 1971 when he fell doun a steep slope. Thare is a plaque at the pynt where he wis last seen. In August 1995 an Israeli backpacker died aifter he sprained his ankle an stayed behind while his group continued. He subsequently wanderit off the track an fell intae a ravine in the pre-dawn dairkness. His body wis foond about a week later.[8] On 30 Julie 2005 58-year-auld Bob Martin, a mairketin manager at Air Niugini, sufferit a heart attack an died near the summit.[9][10] In 2001, a student frae Muaina Heich Schuil (Muaina Heich Schuil Mt Wilhelm Expedition) died at Piunde-foot o Mt Wilhelm. He wis later foond tae be an asthmatic patient. Anither, local Papua New Guinean, frae Tari in the Soothern Heichlaunds Province, died in 2007 a few meters sooth o the Christopher Donnan plaque. Local soorces revealit that the deceased wis unaware o the warning an wis wearin anelie his sportin suit, T-shirt an Dunlop shoes. He wis covered bi debris an fallen rock fragments, forming a talus at the base o the soothern tip o the Christopher Donnan section.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. This prominence is from Papua New Guinea ultra-prominent peaks on peaklist.org. The prominence is sometimes given as 2,949 metres (9,675 ft) or 2,922 m (9,587 ft).
  2. Nolan, Riall W. (1983). Bushwalking in Papua New Guinea (1 ed.). Lonely Planet. ISBN 0-908086-41-5.
  3. "Statistical Yearbook of Croatia, 2007" (PDF). dzs.hr. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Pérusse, Yvon (July 1993). Bushwalking in Papua New Guinea (2 ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 156. ISBN 0-86442-052-8.
  5. Souter, Gavin (1963). New Guinea: The Last Unknown. Angus & Robertson. p. 76. ISBN 0-207-94627-2.
  6. Vial, L.G. (May 1939). "The Kamans". Walkabout.
  7. "F7-A "Under Exposed" Serial Number 42-73052". Pacific Wreck Database. Retrieved 2007-01-16.
  8. Adrian Lipscomb; Rowan McKinnon; Jon Murray. Papua New Guinea (6 ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 231. ISBN 0-86442-402-7.
  9. "PNG Loses Great Tourism Ambassador". Papua New Guinea Business and Tourism Forum. Retrieved 2007-01-15.
  10. TPA Monthly Newsletter Update ISSUE 17 - July - August 2005

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]