The Monumentum Ancyranum (Latin 'Monument of Ancyra') or Temple of Augustus and Roum in Ancyra is an Augusteum in Ankara (auncient Ancyra), Turkey. The text of the Res Gestae Divi Augusti ("Deeds of the Divine Augustus") is inscribit on its walls, and is the maist complete copy of that text. The temple is adjacent tae the Hadji Bairam Mosque in the Ulus quarter.
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Histerie[eedit | eedit soorce]
It wis first made known tae the wastren warld by Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, ambassador of Ferdinand o Austrick, tae the Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent (1555–1562) at Amasia in Asie Minor. Busbecq first read the inscription and identifeed its oreegin from his reading of Suetonius; he published a copy of pairts of it in his Turkis Letters.
Anelie the side walls and the ornamentit door frame remain; the positions of 6 columns can still be recognised.
The Res Gestae Divi Augusti[eedit | eedit soorce]
Efter the daith of Augustus in AD 14, a copy of the text of the Res Gestae Divi Augusti wis inscribed on baith walls inside the pronaos in Laitin, with a Greek translation on an exterior wall of the cella.
The inscriptions are the primary surviving soorce of the text, since the oreeginal inscription on bronze pillars in front of the Mausoleum of Augustus in Roum haes long been lost, and twa ither surviving inscriptions of the text are incomplete. Squeezes of the Monumentum Ancyrum were obtained by the Cornell Expedition in 1907-1908, and haeve been the basis for epigraphic study including by the epigrapher Mariana McCaulley.
Copies[eedit | eedit soorce]
A life-size reproduction of the pronaos, including the text of the Deeds, wis erectit in the gardens of the Baths of Diocletian in Roum for the Airchaeological Exhibition of the 1911 Rome World's Fair. Efter the fair, it wis put in storage until it wis displayed at the Mostra Augustea della Romanità in 1937. After WWII, it was muived tae Room IX of the new Museo della Civiltà Romana.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Ahmet Gökdemir, Can Demirel, Yavuz Yeğin, Zeynel Şimşek, "Ankara Temple (Monumentum Ancyranum/Temple of Augustus and Rome) restoration", Case Studies in Construction Materials 2:55-65 (June 2015) doi:10.1016/j.cscm.2015.02.002 full text
- Edward Seymour Forster, translator, The Turkish Letters of Ogier de Busbecq reprinted Louisiana State University 2005.
- Diehl, editor of Res Gestae Divi Augusti in the Loeb Classical Library remarks that at the time the oreeginal document wis copied on the walls of mony of the temples of Augustus throughout the empire, but the inscriptions haeve nae survived.
- "Res Gestae Divi Augusti | Cornell Collections of Antiquities". antiquities.library.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2019-01-10.
- McCaulley, Mariana (1912). A collation of the Cornell squeeze of the Monumentum Ancyranum and a translation of the inscription (A. M. thesis) (in English). Cornell University.
- "Cornell Expedition | Cornell Collections of Antiquities". antiquities.library.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2019-01-10.
- Joshua Arthurs, Excavating Modernity: The Roman Past in Fascist Italy, ISBN 0801449987, 2012, p. 95-111
- "Room XI: Augustus", Museo della Civiltà Romana 
Further reading[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Botteri, P.; Fangi, G. (2003). "The Ancyra Project: the Temple of Augustus and Rome". Ankara, ISPRS Archives. volume XXXIV. pp. 84–88. part 5/W12 Commission V.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Ancyra", Encyclopædia Britannica, 1 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 953